Q. Avicennia marina sometimes seen in news is a?

[A] A cold-blooded marine reptilian species

[B] Wetland inhabiting species of sparrow

[C] salt-secreting salt-tolerant mangrove species.

[D] Frog species endemic to western ghats

Answer: C
  • Avicennia marina is also called Banhi in Odia. It is one of the most prominent mangroves species found in all mangrove formations in India. 
  • Features: It is a salt-secreting and extraordinarily salt-tolerant mangrove species that grows optimally in 75% seawater and tolerates >250% seawater. 
  • Significance: It is among the rare plant species which can excrete 40% of the salt through the salt glands in the leaves, besides its extraordinary capacity to exclude salt entry to the roots.