Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Dayananda Saraswati published Satyarth Prakash.
2.Dayananda Saraswati made a call to “Back to the Vedas”.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: In 1875 Dayananda Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj and published his major work the Satyarth Prakash. In his view, contemporary Hinduism had become degenerate.

  • Therefore, he rejected puranas, polytheism, and idolatry, the role of Brahmin priests, pilgrimages, many rituals and the prohibition on widow marriage.
  • As a good Sanskrit scholar, he made a call to“Back to the Vedas”.

Source: NCERT