Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The concept of whip in the Indian Parliament is derived from the judiciary’s interpretation of voting rights.
2.The main purpose of a whip system in the Parliament is to ensure smooth functioning of the legislative process.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation –

Statement 1 is incorrect. The concept of whip in the Indian Parliament is inherited from British colonial rule and is based on unwritten conventions of the parliamentary system, rather than being defined in the Constitution or other written laws. ‘Whip’ is mentioned neither in the Constitution of India, nor in the Rules of the House, nor in any Parliamentary Statute.

Statement 2 is correct. The whip ensures smooth and efficient functioning of the business of the House. Its primary functions include ensuring party discipline, managing attendance, coordinating voting according to party lines, and facilitating efficient conduct of business in the House.

Source: The Hindu