Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Deccan region of western India suffered heavy taxation under the Ryotwari system.
2.American civil war has no impact on Deccan region.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The riots of Deccan region of western India suffered heavy taxation under the Ryotwari system.

  • Here again the peasants found themselves trapped in a vicious network with the moneylender as the exploiter and the main beneficiary.
  • These moneylenders were mostly outsiders—Marwaris or Gujaratis.
  • The conditions had worsened due to a crash in cotton prices after the end of the American Civil War in 1864, the Government’s decision to raise the land revenue by 50% in 1867, and a succession of bad harvests.

Source: Spectrum

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