Q. Consider the following statements
1. The escalation of violence during the Assam movement against undocumented immigrants in Assam was a ground towards the for imposition of Emergency in 1975
2. Justice J.C. Shah Commission was appointed to inquire into the excesses committed during the Emergency of 1975
3. National emergency under Article 352 was declared in India for the first time in 1975
How many of the statements given above are incorrect?

[A] Only One

[B] Only Two

[C] All Three

[D] None

Answer: B

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Assam movement mainly led by students of Assam was started in 1979 under the leadership of All Assam Students Union (AASU) and the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad (AAGSP). This was a movement against undocumented immigrants in Assam. It officially ended on 15 August, 1985 after coming of an understanding with the Government of India which found official expression in the memorandum of understanding popularly known as the Assam Accord 1985.

Statement 2 is correct. In May 1977, the central government appointed a Commission of Inquiry headed by Justice J.C. Shah, to inquire “into several aspects of allegations of abuse of authority, excesses and malpractices committed and action taken in the wake of the Emergency proclaimed on the 25th June, 1975”.

Statement 3 is incorrect. National emergency under Article 352 in India during 1962 war (China war), 1971 war (Pakistan war), and in 1975.