Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Charter Act of 1853”:
1.It introduced an open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants.
2.It introduced, for the first time, local representation in the Indian Legislative Council.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Charter Act of 1853: This was the last of the series of Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament between 1793 and 1853. It was a significant constitutional landmark.

  • It separated, for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council. It provided for the addition of six new members called legislative councilors to the council.
  • It introduced an open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants.
  • It introduced, for the first time, local representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council.

Source: Laxmikanth

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