Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Government of India Act of 1935”:
1.It provided for the establishment of an All-India Federation consisting of provinces and princely states as units.
2.It continued dyarchy in the provinces.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: Government of India Act of 1935: The Act marked a second milestone towards a completely responsible government in India. It was a lengthy and detailed document having 321 Sections and 10 Schedules.

  • It provided for the establishment of an All-India Federation consisting of provinces and princely states as units. The Act divided the powers between the Centre and units in terms of three lists–Federal List (for Centre, with 59 items), Provincial List (for provinces, with 54 items) and the Concurrent List (for both, with 36 items).
  • It abolished dyarchy in the provinces and introduced ‘provincial autonomy’ in its place. The provinces could act as autonomous administration units in their defined spheres.
  • It provided for the adoption of dyarchy at the Centre. Consequently, the federal subjects were divided into reserved subjects and transferred subjects.

Source: Spectrum

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