Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Kheda Satyagraha”:
1.It was a first non-cooperation movement in British India.
2.Gandhi asked the Kheda farmers not to pay the taxes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

Explanation: Kheda Satyagraha (1918)—First Non-Cooperation: Because of drought in 1918, the crops failed in Kheda district of Gujarat.

  • According to the Revenue Code, if the yield was less than one-fourth the normal produce, the farmers were entitled to remission.
  • The Gujarat Sabha, consisting of peasants, submitted petitions to the province’s highest governing authorities requesting that the revenue assessment for 1919 is suspended.
  • The government, however, remained adamant and said that the property of the farmers would be seized if the taxes were not paid.
  • Gandhi asked the farmers not to pay the taxes. Gandhi, however, was mainly the spiritual head of the struggle.

Source: Spectrum