Q. Consider the following statements regarding the mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis):
1.It is native to the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, and China.
2.They have brightly coloured fur with blue and green patches.
3.They are categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statements 1 and 3 are correct. The mainland serow is native to the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, and China. The mainland serow is related closely to the red serow. The mainland serow is listed in CITES Appendix I and is categorized as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The species is vulnerable due to habitat loss and degradation, hunting, and disease.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The mainland serow does not have brightly colored fur with blue and green patches. Its coat is usually dark brown or black, with lighter-colored fur on the underbelly and legs. The mainland serow is territorial and lives alone or in small groups. The mainland serow inhabits hilly forests above an elevation of 300 m (980 ft), but descends to 100 m (330 ft) in winter. The species has a large head with long, curving horns that are present in both males and females.

Source: The Hindu

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