Q. Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: India’s public health spending is low compared to developed countries.
Statement-II: India has a universal healthcare system that covers all citizens.
Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

[A] Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I

[B] Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I

[C] Statement-I is correct but Statement-II is incorrect

[D] Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement-I is correct. India’s public health spending as a percentage of GDP is significantly lower compared to developed countries. For instance, the U.S. spends nearly 16% of its GDP on healthcare, while India’s public health spending has been around 1.12% to 1.35% of GDP.

Statement-II is incorrect. While India has made efforts towards universal health coverage (UHC) with schemes like Ayushman Bharat, which aims to cover the poorest 40% of the population, it does not yet have a comprehensive universal healthcare system that covers all citizens without financial hardship.

Source: The Hindu

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