Q. Consider the following statements with reference to the features of Right to Information Act in India:
1. The Act prohibits the disclosure of information which comes under Official Secrets Act, 1923.
2. The Act has no provision for selfdisclosure of information by the Public Authorities.
3. If information sought under the RTI concerns the life and liberty of a person, it shall be provided within 48 hours.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: A

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is incorrect: Section 8 (2) of the RTI Act provides for disclosure of information exempted under Official Secrets Act, 1923 if larger public interest is served. The term “public interest” is not defined in the RTI Act.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Suo Moto disclosure under Section 4 of Right to Information Act, 2005 orders the public authorities to publish the information to the public on regular intervals voluntarily and not on the demand of the public.

Statement 3 is correct: In normal course, information to an applicant shall be supplied within 30 days from the receipt of application by the public authority. If information sought concerns the life or liberty of a person, it shall be supplied within 48 hours. In case the application is sent through the Assistant Public Information Officer or it is sent to a wrong public authority, five days shall be added to the period of thirty days or 48 hours, as the case may be.

Important Tips


Right To Information Act:

• Any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days.

• In case of matter involving a petitioner’s life and liberty, the information has to be provided within 48 hours.

• The Act also requires every public authority to computerize their records for wide dissemination and to proactively publish certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.

• The Public Information Officer (PIO) or the First Appellate Authority in the public specialists performs semi-legal capacity of settling on the application and appeal individually.