Q. Consider the following statements with reference to the objectives of Indian foreign policy:
1. It aims to strengthen India’s international campaign against terrorism.
2. It aims for India to establish herself as a ‘Big Brother’ in south Asian region.
3. It aims to reform and restructure the UN Security Council to maintain a multipolar world order.
4. It aims at establishing India as a strongest ‘Nuclear Power’ at international level.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] Only three

[D] All four

Answer: B

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

The foreign policy of India regulates India’s relations with other states of the world in promoting its national interests. It is determined by a number of factors, viz., geography, history and tradition, social structure, political organization, international milieu, economic position, military strength, public opinion and leadership.

From its very inception, India ‘s foreign policy has been aimed at achieving certain objectives. India’s foreign policy is directed towards the realization of the following objectives:

  • It aims to protect India’s core national interests and concerns in a rapidly changing international environment by fostering support and understanding in the international community.
  • To preserve the autonomy of the decision-making process and to play a pioneering role in the establishment of a stable, prosperous and secure global order.
  • To strengthen India’s international campaign against terrorism. Over the years, terrorism has emerged as the most formidable challenge not only to the safety and wellbeing of the common people but also to the greater cause of international peace and security. (Hence statement 1 is correct.)
  • To build an international environment which is supportive of India’s rapid economic growth including higher investments, trade, access to technology and strengthening India’s energy security.
  • To work closely with P-5 countries and to build strategic ties with the major powers such as the USA, the EU, Japan, Russia, and China.
  • It aims to ensure that cross-border terrorism is brought to an end and the entire infrastructure of terrorism operating from Pakistan is dismantled.
  • To further the gains from India’s ‘Act East’ Policy (erstwhile ‘Look East’ Policy) and aspire for substantive progress in several areas of common interest to India and ASEAN.
  • It aims to continue to work closely with regional groupings like the EU and G-20 for furthering India’s interests in the international arena.
  • To reform and restructure the UN Security Council and maintain multi-polarity in a world order that respects the principles of sovereignty and non-intervention. (Hence Statement 3 is correct.)

Statement 2 is incorrect: According to India foreign policy, it does not aim to establish it as a big brother in south Asia region. The objective of Indias foreign policy is to intensify and strengthen ties with neighbours through mutually beneficial cooperation and by acknowledgement of each other’s legitimate concerns.

Statement 4 is incorrect: it is not objective of Indias foreign policy. India does not aim to establish it as a strongest nuclear power at international level. India has adopted its nuclear doctrine in 2003 which aims at Building and maintaining a credible minimum deterrent. India follows “No First Use” policy which says that nuclear weapons will only be used in retaliation against a nuclear attack on Indian territory or on Indian forces anywhere.