Q. Consider the following statements with reference to the Specification of Classes:
1. The Constitution specifies the castes or tribes which are to be called the SCs or the STs and Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
2. President issues orders specifying the SCs and STs in different states and union territories.
3. Any inclusion in or exclusion from the Central List of SC/ST specified can be done by the President only.
How many statements given above are correct?

[A] Only One

[B] Only Two

[C] All Three

[D] None

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

Scheduled castes and scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and those castes or tribes as the President may by public notification. Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India define as to who would be Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes with respect to any State or Union Territory.

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Constitution does not specify the castes or tribes which are to be called the SCs or the STs. It leaves to the President the power to specify as to what castes or tribes in each state and union territory are to be treated as the SCs and STs. Thus, the lists of the SCs or STs vary from state to state and union territory to union territory.

Similarly, the constitution has not specified the classes of citizens who are to be called the socially and educationally backward classes, also known as Other Backward Classes (OBCs).

Statement 2 is correct: In case of the states, the President issues the notification after consulting the governor of the state concerned. But, any inclusion or exclusion of any caste or tribe from Presidential notification can be done only by the Parliament and not by a subsequent Presidential notification. Presidents have issued several orders specifying the SCs and STs in different states and union territories and these have also been amended by the Parliament.

Statement 3 is incorrect: Any inclusion or exclusion of any caste or tribe from Presidential notification can be done only by the Parliament and not by a subsequent Presidential notification.

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