Q. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 provides that the central government may regulate the supply of certain food only under extraordinary circumstances. Which of the following is/are extraordinary circumstances?
1. War
2. Extraordinary price rise
3. Famine
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 was promulgated on June 5, 2020.  

  • The Act empowers the central government to designate certain commodities (such as food items, fertilizers, and petroleum products) as essential commodities.   
  • The central government may regulate or prohibit the production, supply, distribution, trade, and commerce of such essential commodities.   
  • The Ordinance provides that the central government may regulate the supply of certain food items including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds, and oils, only under extraordinary circumstances.   
  • These include: (i) war, (ii) famine, (iii) extraordinary price rise and (iv) natural calamity of grave nature. 

Source: https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-essential-commodities-amendment-ordinance-2020 

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