Q. The ‘Panchsheel (Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence) presented an alternative path to the path of contentions and conflicts. In this context, consider the following statements regarding the ‘Panchsheel’ doctrine:
1. These principles were enunciated for the first time during the Bandung Conference in 1955.
2. Both India as well as China has accepted the Panchsheel principles in the matters of foreign policy.
3. ‘Peaceful co-existence’ is one of the stated principles under Panchsheel.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: B
Notes:

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

Panchsheel gave voice to the newly independent countries who were trying to secure their hard won independence. It provided an alternative ideology dedicated to peace and development of all as the basis of international interaction.

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Panchsheel principles had been formally enunciated for the first time in the Agreement on Trade and Intercourse between the Tibet region of China and India, signed in 195The Agreement specifically stated the 5 principles of Panchsheel. The vision caught the attention of the peoples of Asia and Africa. These were also incorporated into the 10 principles of International Peace and Cooperation issued in 1955 by the Bandung Conference of 29 Afro-Asian countries.

Statement 2 is correct: Since India and China have signed the Agreement on Trade and Intercourse between the Tibet region of China and India, both have formally accepted these principles. Also, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Premier Zhou Enlai issued a joint statement that elaborated the vision for Panchsheel. They stated that the framework was applicable not only between India-China relations, but also for their relations with other countries.

Statement 3 is correct: ‘Peaceful co-existence’ is one of the stated principles under the Panchsheel. Other four principles include:

  • Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
  • Mutual non-aggression
  • Mutual non-interference
  • Equality and mutual benefit
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