Q. Which among the following is/are a special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?
1. While the political parties can be informal but to be the recognized as a pressure group it must be a formal entity.
2. Pressure groups are always confined to a few people, while parties involve a larger number of people.
3. Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
4. Pressure groups do not seek to mobilise people, while political parties do.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1, 2 and 3 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 3 and 4 only

Answer: C

Exp) Option c is the correct answer.

A pressure group is a group of people who are organized actively for promoting and defending their common interest.

Option 1 is incorrect. Political parties are formal organizations, they need to be registered with designated authority (In India – Election Commission of India). Pressure groups can be formal or informal in nature. They can be registered as a society, but it is not a mandatory provision.

Option 2 is incorrect. Some Pressure groups are confined to a few people, but some groups are very big like farmer associations.

Option 3 is correct. Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies. But unlike political parties, pressure groups do not aim to directly control or share political power. Promoting the interests of a group of society or interests of particular sections of society is the usual aim of Pressure or interest groups. Professional associations of teachers, doctors, lawyers; business associations, trade unions are some examples of Pressure or interest groups.

Option 4 is incorrect. Pressure groups seek to mobilise people to effectively influence the government policies.