Q. Which of the following is/are basic tenet/s of “Satyagraha”?
1.A satyagrahi was not to submit to what he considered as wrong.
2.A satyagrahi works on the principle’s cooperation and non-boycott.
3.A satyagrahi should be ready to accept suffering in his struggle against the wrong doer.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] Only three

[D] None

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: Gandhi evolved the technique of Satyagraha during his stay in South Africa. It was based on truth and non-violence. He combined some elements from Indian tradition with the Christian requirement of turning the other cheek and the philosophy of Tolstoy, who said that evil could best be countered by non-violent resistance.

Its basic tenets were as follows:

  • A satyagrahi was not to submit to what he considered as wrong, but was to always remain truthful, non-violent and fearless.
  • A satyagrahi works on the principles of withdrawal of cooperation and boycott.
  • Methods of satyagraha include non-payment of taxes, and declining honours and positions of authority.
  • A satyagrahi should be ready to accept suffering in his struggle against the wrong doer. This suffering was to be a part of his love for truth.

Source: Spectrum

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