Q. Which of the following is/are covered under article 13 of Indian Constitution?
1.Permanent laws enacted by the Parliament or the state legislatures.
2.Temporary laws like ordinances issued by the president or the state governors.
3.Statutory instruments like delegated legislation.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] Only three

[D] None

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The term ‘law’ in Article 13 has been given a wide connotation so as to include the following:

(a) Permanent laws enacted by the Parliament or the state legislatures;

(b) Temporary laws like ordinances issued by the president or the state governors;

(c) Statutory instruments in the nature of delegated legislation (executive legislation) like order, byelaw, rule, regulation or notification; and

(d) Non-legislative sources of law, that is, custom or usage having the force of law.

Source: Laxmikanth

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