Q. Which of the following is/are the special directives for the protection of linguistic minorities in India?
1. Every State should provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education.
2. The President of India appoints a Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities to investigate all matters relating to their safeguard.
3. The Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities permits the linguistic minorities in states to establish and administer the educational institutions.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

According to the Report of the National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities, the linguistic minority status of a community is determined by numerical inferiority, non-dominant status in a state, and possessing a distinct identity.

Statement 1 is correct. The Seventh Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956 inserted Article-350 A to the Indian Constitution that every State and of every local authority within the State should provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups; and the President can issue directions to any State as he considers necessary or proper for securing the provision of such facilities.

Statement 2 is correct. According to Article-350B of the Indian Constitution, there shall be a Special Officer for linguistic minorities to be appointed by the President of India. The Special Officer investigates all matters relating to the safeguards provided for linguistic minorities and report to the President upon those matters from time to time as the President directs. The President lays the reports before each House of Parliament, and sent to the Governments of the States concerned.

Statement 3 is incorrect. Establishing and administering the educational institutions of their choice is the Fundamental Right of the linguistic minorities in India and do not require permission of Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities. Article 30 (1) of the Constitution of India provides a fundamental right to linguistic minorities to establish and administer educational institutes of their choice.