Q. Which of the following method would be used to introduce Hindi language in the ‘Proceedings of the High Courts’?

[A] A Presidential order authorizing the same on the request of the Supreme Court.

[B] A Presidential order authorizing the use of Hindi on the request of the Governor.

[C] Governor can authorize the same with the previous consent of the President.

[D] An Act passed by the State Legislature by a simple majority.

Answer: C
Notes:

Exp) Option c is the correct answer.

The constitutional provisions dealing with the language of the courts and legislation are as follows: Article 348 of Constitution on Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc. suggests that until Parliament provides otherwise, the following are to be in the English language only: (All proceedings in the Supreme Court and in every High Court. (The authoritative texts of all bills, acts, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations and bye-laws at the Central and state levels.

However, Article 348 also suggests that Governor of a state, with the previous consent of the President, can authorise the use of Hindi or any other official language of the state, in the proceedings in the high court of the state, but not with respect to the judgements, decrees and orders passed by it.

Further, a provision of the law made by the Parliament I.e., The Official Languages Act, 1963, enables the Governor of a state, with the previous consent of the President, to authorise the use of Hindi or any other official language of the state for judgements, decrees and orders passed by the high court of the state but they should be accompanied by an English translation.

Important Tips

A state legislature can prescribe the use of any language (other than English) with respect to bills, acts, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations or bye-laws, but a translation of the same in the English language is to be published.

 

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