Q. Which of the following reasons prompted the makers of the Constitution to create a strong central government in India?
1. Existence of poverty, illiteracy and inequalities at the time of independence
2. To integrate the large number of provinces and princely states
3. To bring social and political change in India
4. To subvert the powers of some of the states
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1, 2 and 3 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 3 and 4 only

[D] 1, 2 and 4 only

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

The framers of the Constitution believed that we required a federal constitution that would accommodate diversities. But they also wanted to create a strong centre to stem disintegration and bring about social and political change. It was necessary for the centre to have such powers because India at the time of independence was not only divided into provinces created by the British; but there were more than 500 princely states which had to be integrated into existing States or new States had to be created.

Besides the concern for unity, the makers of the Constitution also believed that the socio-economic problems of the country needed to be handled by a strong central government in cooperation with the States. Poverty, illiteracy and inequalities of wealth were some of the problems that required planning and coordination. Thus, the concerns for unity and development prompted the makers of the Constitution to create a strong central government.

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