Q. Which of the following statements are correct about a ‘nation’ and a ‘state’?
1. A state is an entity consisting of a set of political-legal institutions claiming control over a particular geographical territory and the people living in it.
2. A Nation is generally a community of communities which belong to different language, religion, ethnicity and does not necessarily have fixed geographical territory.
3. There can be two or more nationalities living in one state.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Exp) Option d is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is correct. A state is an entity consisting of a set of political-legal institutions claiming control over a particular geographical territory and the people living in it.

Statement 2 is correct. A nation is a sort of large-scale community – it is a community of communities which belong to different language, religion, ethnicity that are shared and does not have fixed geographical territory.

Statement 3 is correct. There can be two or more nations within a single state eg. Before 1st World war, Austria and Hungary were one state but two different nations or the Soviet Union. It is also true vice versa, people constituting a nation may actually be citizens or residents of a different state.

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