Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct about fundamental rights?
1.The state can impose reasonable restrictions on them.
2.All of them are available against the arbitrary action of the state.
3.They are defended and guaranteed by the Supreme Court.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] Only three

[D] None

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution are characterized by the following:

  1. Some of them are available only to the citizens while others are available to all persons whether citizens, foreigners or legal persons like corporations or companies.
  2. They are not absolute but qualified. The state can impose reasonable restrictions on them. However, whether such restrictions are reasonable or not is to be decided by the courts. Thus, they strike a balance between the rights of the individual and those of society as a whole, between individual liberty and social control.
  3. All of them are available against the arbitrary action of the state. However, some of them are also available against the action of private individuals.
  4. Some of them are negative in character, that is, place limitations on the authority of the State, while others are positive in nature, conferring certain privileges on the people.
  5. They are justifiable, allowing persons to move the courts for enforcement if they are violated.
  6. They are defended and guaranteed by the Supreme Court.

Source: Laxmikanth

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