Q. Which of the statements given below correctly defines the Anomic Groups?

[A] Pressure groups that employ unconventional and usually violent means.

[B] An association that raises the demands of doctors, lawyers, journalists and teachers.

[C] Pressure groups that put forward the demand of industrial and business class.

[D] Interest groups formed around a common language.

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

A pressure group is a group of people who are organized actively for promoting and defending their common interest. It is so called that it attempts to bring a change in public policy by exerting pressure on the government.

Option a is correct: Anomic Groups are spontaneous penetrations into the political system from society. These groups often appear when normal means of expressing dissatisfaction prove ineffective. They may be concerned with religious or linguistic or ethnic disturbances, or demonstrations, even assassinations and hijackings. They are generally characterized by unconventional, usually violent means.

Some of the anomic pressure groups are: All-India Sikh Student’s Federation, Naxalite Groups,etc.

Important Tip

Professional Associations are associations that raise the concerns and demands of doctors, lawyers, journalists and teachers. They include: Indian Medical Association (IMA),Bar Council of India (BCI),etc. Business Groups include a large number of industrial and commercial bodies. They are the most sophisticated, the most powerful and the largest of all pressure groups in India. They include:FICCI, ASSOCHAM,etc. Linguistic Groups are formed around the common language. Language has been so important factor in Indian politics that it became the main basis for the reorganization of states. The languages along with caste, religion and tribe have been responsible for the emergence of political parties as well as pressure groups. Some of the linguistic groups are: Tamil Sangh, Hindi Sahitya Sammelan,etc.

 

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