Q. With reference to immunities provided to Ministers and Judicial officers against the lawsuits, consider the following statements:
1. The Constitution of India grants immunity from civil proceedings to the Ministers for their personal acts.
2. The acts done by the Judicial officers in discharge of his/her official duties can only be questioned in civil courts.
Which of the statements given above is/are correctly matched?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Exp) Option d is the correct answer.

The Constitution of India confers certain immunities to the Ministers, Judicial officers, President, Governor and Civil Servants against lawsuits in India.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Ministers do not enjoy any immunity for their personal acts and can be sued for crimes as well as torts (civil offences) in ordinary courts like that for the common citizens.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Judicial Officers’ Protection Act, of 1850 states that No Judge, Magistrate, Justice of the Peace, Collector, or other person acting judicially shall be liable to be sued in any Civil Court for any act done or ordered to be done by him in the discharge of his judicial duty.

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