Q. With reference to Pressure Groups in India, consider the following statements
1. Pressure groups use only non-political methods to influence policy-making.
2. All Pressure Groups are formally organized groups, formed to promote their interests.
3. All pressure groups are registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: D

Exp) Option d is the correct answer.

A pressure group is a group of people who are organised actively for promoting and defending their common interest. A large number of pressure groups exist in India.

Statement 1 is incorrect: Pressure groups generally use nonelectoral methods to influence policy-making and promote their interests. But this not true in all cases. Some pressure groups may also use political methods such as supporting a particular political party. These indirectly play a crucial role in elections. When the political parties are selecting their candidates, these groups try to influence the choice. They try for the inclusion of favourable provisions in the election manifestoes of political parties.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Pressure Groups can be political, non-political groups, formally or informally organized groups. Examples of formally organised groups are FICCI, AITUC and examples of informally organised groups are Naxalite movement, Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) etc.

Statement 3 is incorrect: In India, all pressure groups are not registered under any specific act. However, depending on their nature and activities, they may need to register under various laws and regulations. For example, if a pressure group is formed as a non-profit organization or a non-governmental organization (NGO), they may need to register under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860 or the Indian Trusts Act, 188While Trade Union are registered under the Trade Unions Act, 192