Q. With reference to “Scheduled Castes” in India, consider the following statements:
1. The President can declare specific groups as Scheduled Castes in States after consultation with the Governor of the concerned State.
2. A Person declared as Scheduled Caste (SC) in one state must be considered the same in other states also.
3. Removal of any group from the list of Scheduled Castes can be done by Parliament.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: B
Notes:

Exp) Option b is the correct answer

Article 341 of the Constitution of India mentions that who would be considered Scheduled Castes with respect to any State or Union Territory of India. Scheduled castes are officially designated groups of people who are regarded as the most disadvantaged socio-economic groups in India.

Statement 1 is correct: Article 341(2) of the constitution of India empowers the President of India to declare a specific group in the State as Scheduled Caste after consultation with the Governor of the concerned State. States cannot unilaterally add or pull-out castes from the List as the consent of the Parliament is required to exclude or include castes in the List.

Statement 2 is incorrect: A Person declared as Scheduled Caste (SC) in one state may not be considered SC in another state too. The idea behind this logic is that the people belonging to the same caste, but living in different States may not necessarily suffer from the same disabilities/ barriers. Hence it is possible that a person belonging to the same caste cannot be considered SCs in both states as socio economic barriers imposed on them might vary between states.

Statement 3 is correct: While the President can declare/ include a certain group as Scheduled Castes, Article 341(2) of the constitution of India empowers the Parliament to exclude (and include) any groups from the list of Scheduled Castes.

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