Q. With reference to Special provisions for some states given in part XXI of the Constitution, separate development boards are provided for which of the following regions?
1. Vidarbha, Marathwada and the rest of Maharashtra
2. Saurashtra, Kutch and the rest of Gujarat
3. Hyderabad-Karnataka region
4. Naga Hills-Tuensang Area
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1, 2 and 3 only

[B] 2, 3 and 4 only

[C] 1, 2, 3 and 4

[D] 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer

Articles 371 to 371-J in Part XXI of the constitution contain special provisions for twelve states viz., Maharashtra, Gujarat, Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Sikkim, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Karnataka. The intention behind them is to meet the aspirations of the people of backward regions of the states or to protect the cultural and economic interests of the tribal people of the states or to deal with the disturbed law and order condition in some parts of the states or to protect the interests of the local people of the states.

Statements 1 and 2 are correct. Under Article 371, the President is authorized to provide that the Governor of Maharashtra and that of Gujarat would have special responsibility for: the establishment of separate development boards for (i) Vidarbha, Marathwada and the rest of Maharashtra, (ii) Saurashtra, Kutch and the rest of Gujarat;

Statements 3 is correct. Under Article 371-J, the President is empowered to provide that the Governor of Karnataka would have special responsibility for the establishment of a separate development board for Hyderabad-Karnataka region.

Statement 4 is incorrect. Article 371-A makes special provisions for Nagaland. But it does not include the provision for a development board. However, the Governor may specify on the recommendation of the regional council, that the administration of the Tuensang district shall be carried on by the Governor.

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