Q. With reference to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), consider the following statements:
1.The primary purpose of NATO is to uphold human rights and democratic values worldwide.
2.The role of the North Atlantic Council within NATO is to conduct NATO’s public relations campaigns.
3.The principle of “Collective Defense” enshrined in NATO implies that an attack on one member is considered an attack on all.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 1 and 3 only

Answer: C

Explanation –

Statements 1 and 2 are incorrect. NATO’s primary purpose is to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of its members through political and military means, and to guarantee the freedom and security of all member countries. The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is described as the principal political decision-making body of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), consisting of permanent representatives of its member countries. It has decision-making powers and is responsible for setting up subsidiary bodies for various policy functions.

Statement 3 is correct. The principle of “Collective Defense” is a core aspect of NATO. This is explicitly stated in Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which says that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all.

Source: The Hindu