Q. With reference to the provisions related to regional languages, consider the following statements:
1. The Governor, with President’s consent, can adopt any language as state’s official language even if it is outside the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
2. The state legislature can adopt any number of languages for official purpose of the state.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

Article 345 of the Indian Constitution deals with the official language or languages of a States.

Statement 1 is incorrect. As per the provisions of Official Language Act 1963, the states can adopt the languages mentioned in Eight Schedule of the Indian Constitution. However, the choice of the state is not limited to the languages enumerated in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. They can even opt their regional languages as the official language of the state by the Governor of a State with the previous consent of the President. For example-Andhra Pradesh has adopted Telugu, Kerala has adopted Malayalam etc.

Statement 2 is correct. The provisions mentioned in Articles 346 and 347 of the Indian Constitution state that the legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the Language or Languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State. But the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution.