Q. With reference to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), consider the following statements:
1.The “Shanghai Spirit” refers to an annual summit of SCO leaders.
2.Space exploration is not a key focus for cooperation within the SCO.
3.The SCO’s approach to regional security can be described as comprehensive and multidimensional.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: B

Explanation –

Statement 1 is incorrect. The “Shanghai Spirit” refers to the guiding principles of the SCO, emphasizing mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilizations, and the pursuit of common development.

Statements 2 and 3 are correct. The main goals of the SCO are strengthening mutual confidence and good-neighbourly relations among the member countries; promoting effective cooperation in politics, trade and economy, science and technology, culture as well as education, energy, transportation, tourism, environmental protection and other fields. However, space exploration is not a primary focus. The SCO takes a comprehensive and multidimensional approach to regional security, addressing issues like terrorism, separatism, extremism, and fostering economic cooperation and cultural exchanges.

Source: AIR