Q. With reference to tribals in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The state with highest proportion of schedule tribes lies in Central India.
2. Tribal sub-plan is applicable to all states where schedule tribes are found.
3. Funds available under Tribal sub plan are non-lapsable.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 1 and 3 only

Answer: C

Exp) Option c is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is incorrect. If we look at the share of tribals in the state population, the North Eastern states have the highest concentrations. The state with highest proportion of schedule tribes lies in N-E India i.e. Mizoram (94.5 %).

Statement 2 is incorrect. Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) aims to bridge the gap between the Schedule Tribes (STs) and the general population with respect to all socio-economic development indicators in a time-bound manner. TSP is not applicable to states where tribals represent more than 60% of the population.

Statement 3 is correct. Funds available under the Tribal sub-plan are non-divertible and non-lapsable. Although it has been recommended that a non-lapsable fund should be created to pool funds that could not be utilised in a financial year.