UPSC Mains Syllabus Code by ForumIAS

A: GS- Paper 1

 A1. Indian culture 

A1.1 Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 A2.Indian History  

A2.1 Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

A2.2 The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

A2.3  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

A3. World history 

A3.1 History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

A4. Indian Society 

A4.1 Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

A4.2 Role of women and women’s organization,

A4.3 Population and associated issues,

A4.4 Poverty and developmental issues,

A4.5   Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

A4.6 Effects of globalization on Indian society

A4.7 Social empowerment,

A4.8 Communalism

A4.9 Regionalism

A4.10 Secularism.

A5. Geography 

A5.1 Salient features of world’s physical geography.

A5. 2 Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

A5. 3 Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

A5.4 Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

A5. 5 Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

B:  Civil Services Examination Mains General Studies Paper – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)  

 B1-Governance, Constitution, Polity 

B1.1 -Indian Constitution- Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

B1.2Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

B1.3- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

B1. 4 – Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

B1. 5 – Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

B1.6- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

B1.7- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

B1.8- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

B1.9- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

B1.10- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;

B1.11- Citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

B1.12- Role of civil services in a democracy.

B2- Social Justice 

B2.1 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

B2.2 Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

B2.3 Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

B2.4 – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

B2.5-Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 B3. International Relation 

B3.1   India and its neighbourhood- relations.

B3.2  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

B3.3   Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

B4.4   Indian Diaspora.

B3.5   Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

C: CSE Mains General Studies Paper – III (Economic Development, Technology, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

 C1.  Economic Development 

C1.1 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

C1. 2 Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

C1.3 Government Budgeting.

C1.4 Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

C1.5 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

C1.6 Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

C1.7   Land reforms in India.

C1.8 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

C1.9  Investment models.

C2. Science &Technology

C2.1 Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

C2.2 Achievements of Indians in science & technology;

C2.3 Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

C2.4 Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and

C2.5 Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 C3. Environment and Disaster Management 

C3.1 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

C3.2  Disaster and disaster management.

C4. Security 

C4.1 Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

C4.2 Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

C4.3 Challenges to internal security through communication networks,

C4.4 Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,

C4.5 Basics of cyber security;

C4.6 Money-laundering and its prevention.

C4.7 Security challenges and their management in border areas;

C4.8 Linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

C4.9 Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.



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