Categories
Newspaper

Newspaper Must Read Articles of The Day – 8 September 2015

Newspaper analysis from The Hindu bearing
relevance
to Civil Services preparation

Front Page/National

  • Batra moots education panel on the lines of EC: Mr. Dinanath Batra chairman of shiksha Bachao Andolan, the man behind banning of wendy doniger’s book On Hinduism has suggested some sweeping changes for inclusion in the New Education Policy like setting up an Education Commission on the lines of Election commission of India. He has also added that this will insulate education system from changing political regimes.
  • Trust deficit in defence will be removed, says Parrikar:  The manufacturing for Defence is not moving in the required pace due to an atmosphere of suspicion and it has to be removed to strengthen trust. Already two third of the items manufactured for defence department has been opened up for private players and it is believed that biggest chuck for Make In India will come from Defence sector.
  • SC rejects PIL plea against MPs’ ‘right’ to disrupt House: The Apex court has declined to hear a PIL filed by the NGO Janshruti asking it to interpret the absolute privilege enjoyed by the Members of Parliament to disrupt the parliamentary proceedings at the cost of tax payers money. The petition had also questioned whether there is any scale to define the term disruption. Another Petition is pending before the Supreme Court asking it to issue guidelines to ensure that Parliament discharges its duties.
  • Kali river contaminates groundwater: Illegal industrial wastes released into the river Kali has contaminated the  ground water with heavy metals such as lead,total dissolved solids and iron. This contamination has resulted in stomach ailments brain disorders and even cancer among the residents. The lead content was 21 to 35 times the permissible limit (0.01mg/L ) in groundwater. The TDS contents were above 800mg whereas the permissible limit was 500mg. Similarly the iron content is as high as 21 times against permissible the 0.3mg/L.

Opinion/Editorial

  • OROP and after: Thanking the government for giving a closure to the 40 year long issue of OROP the article suggests a spirit of give and take for the rest of the engagement to iron out the differences between the government and the army veterans until the final government order is issued.
  • The Syrian catastrophe: The image of the three year old Aylan Kurdi has sent shock waves across the world about the humanitarian crisis faced by the Syrian refugees. The articles warns that it is high time the regional heavy weights such as Turkey and Saudi Arabia and their western backers should reverse their policy towards the rebels and  engage in talks with Assad regime to  solve the issue and avoid more catastrophes.
  • An odd pitch to curb free speech: Justice Markandey Katju has expressed his dissent against the recent Maharashtra Government’s Circular curbing free speech as it is violative of the Constitution. He has cited examples from the judgements of the US Federal court and the corresponding Indian Versions to support his views upholding the ideals of Free speech.
    (See the newspaper of 5th September for the original article).
  • A new Left rises in the West: The article highlights the rise of social democratic movements in the developed world and its vision for equality, education and the environment and how it is challenging the established politics of the west. Rising inequality and unemployment coupled by austerity measures have sparked off movements favouring citizen oriented and transparent political narrative.
  • A bit for the state, a bit for the investor: The Law commission of India has reviewed the Model draft of the Bilateral Investment treaty and suggested some recommendations. According to the article the LCI has set out a basic minimum protection to the investors at the same time protecting India’s interests . Change from enterprise based definition to asset based definition, denial of benefits clause, redrafting the self judging clause are some of the major recommendations of the report.

 

International/World Affairs

  • Germany, France urge EU to do more: German Chancellor Merkel’s Pro-refugee interventions have been praised by human rights group.It has also pressed other EU members to increase the intake of asylum seekers following which France and Britain have drawn up their national quotas.
  • In a first, Pak uses drone to kill 3 militants: Burraq -the drone which is capable of firing laser guided missiles was used by Pakistan for the first time to counter Islamist insurgents.  By this Pakistan joins the handful of countries possessing this technology.

Economy/Business

  • NPCI’s e-payment literacy initiative: National Payments Corporation of India , a central infrastructure for various retail payments is launching a nation wide e-payment workshop on September 8 (World literacy day).. Talks are on to facilitate India’s Rupay  card holders and China’s UnionPay card holders to withdraw cash in their respective currencies of both the countries.
  • Spices Board to open signature outlets in foreign markets: India is planning to set up  premium retail outlets in key countries to sell spices and value added products under the brand name Spices India and Flavourit as a part of the brand building exercise to gain international access and to promote the popularity of Indian Spices abroad.
Categories
Newspaper

Newspaper Must Read Articles of The Day – 7 September 2015

Newspaper analysis from The Hindu bearing
relevance
to Civil Services preparation

Front Page/National

  • Early retirees eligible for OROP, says Modi: When announced initially OROP benefit was not extended to veterans who have taken premature retirement; ex- servicemen continued their strike; this led to defence minister to invite ex-servicemen representative for discussion. The government finally clarified that OROP will be extended to ex-servicemen who have taken premature retirement. Also, PM Modi promised to set up a commission to look into shortcomings and recommend path forward.
  • Newspapers in Kashmir, PoK to share content: To create a permanent linkage and to understand each other’s problem; 12 newspapers on either side Kashmir has agreed to share apolitical content through the medium of newspaper and internet.
  • G20 launches W20 to empower women: G20 meet at Ankara, Turkey saw a realisation from the group that women’s participation is essential for economic growth; also that women happiness index reflects the prosperity of any country. To give face to this realisation G20 has envisaged W20 as an outreach group aiming at increased women participation (gender inclusiveness) in economic growth.
  • Floating test range for missile defence system: Challenges & limitations posed by land mass for carrying out missile tests of varying range has mad India to look for a unique solution in Floating Test Range. The system seeks to engage and destroy incoming enemy missiles at different altitudes in the endo- and exo-atmospheres to protect important cities.
  • Telangana IAF officer’s strategy to curb suicides: (Need to know because, if successful, this model could be adopted across states as well.) The man behind model is 56-year-old Group Captain Gurrapu Jagadishwar Rao, a high-ranking IAF official and native of Kazipet in Warangal district. The strategy involves comprehensive and multi-sectoral approach by integrating various agencies, including health, education, revenue, legal, government and volunteers. The model lays emphasis on restricting the access to the means of committing suicide such as pesticides, acids, certain medicines and fire arms.

Opinion/Editorial

  • The gag on Greenpeace: Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) has come in for criticism not only for the overarching control it seeks to have over people-based movements but also for the guidelines framed around it. The MHA is now changing the rules, spelling out what NGOs are required to do, even seeking to scrutinise their social media engagement.
  • ‘Us’, ‘them’ and an elusive peace: The violence in Manipur is linked to unrestrained demographic pressure by ‘outsiders’ and the cry for an Inner Line Permit system. The role of vested interests and inter-community tensions have exacerbated this.
  • Always crashing in the same car: There is a shrinkage in export market; China suffering because of thisl this might lead serious price cuts by Chinese producers who have deep pockets. Currency devaluation will lead to trade war with no victors. India is integrated into global economy but its poor tax laws and capital account regulation means keeping interest rate high; discouraging investment.
  • From city of remembrance to city of hope: As a nuclear conscience keeper, Hiroshima can provide the world a dialogue platform to explore new thinking for lowering the risks associated with nuclear weapons and doctrines, reducing numbers of weapons to minimal levels and eventually creating conditions for abolition of nuclear weapons. Such a platform will certainly strengthen the norm against the use of nuclear weapons.

International/World Affairs

  • Austria to re-impose border controls: The refugee crisis has evoked huge sympathy forcing many European countries to rethink their strategy. At the same time their is an anti muslim resentment among Europeans. Austria which has put emergency measures to help the refugees enter Austria and Germany is looking now to phase it out.
  • Syrian refugee crisis explained: The Syrian war is going on for long now but this specific year saw movement of Syrian people to Europe like never before. This has been attributed to realisation that war is not getting over any sooner; non-acceptance in turkey and no working rights; organisation running camps running out of money leading to harsher conditions; also discovery of new route to Europe through Balkans and sufficient money with refugees to pay smugglers for their movement.

Economy/Business

  • Big opportunity for IT firms, says Nasscom chief: Nasscom sees a ‘massive opportunity’ for the domestic tech companies in payments banks and small finance banks, but warned the industry that they need to find out innovative solutions to help these lenders ensure cost-effective delivery of services.
  • India set for take-off, says economist: India is on the cusp of a major take-off and she must not miss this opportunity. It is possible for India to vastly step up its exports, be a hub of global education, and take major strides in the manufacturing sector. But for all this a combination of policies is needed, ranging from exchange rate management to micro-level stimuli.
  • Don’t ignore depositors: In previous credit policies: big banks have been unwilling to pass on previous rate cuts (0.75 percentage points) and this has delayed monetary transmission. Until the transmission is complete further rate cuts will be ineffective. Banks, however, have their own reasons for not lowering their commercial lending rates. There has to be a correlation between deposit rates and lending rates. The former will take sometime to come down. There are many points for as well as against a rate cut. But one constituency which has been ignored are the depositors, especially those who depend on bank interest for their livelihood.
Categories
TopperSpeak

Interview with IAS-2014 RANK 86: Tushar Singla

This Article has been shifted to our new blog.

Below is the link of the article:

Interview with IAS-2014 RANK 86: Tushar Singla

 

Categories
Newspaper

Newspaper Must Read Articles of The Day – 6 September 2015

Newspaper analysis from The Hindu bearing
relevance
to Civil Services preparation

Front Page/National

  • OROP rolled out, but veterans want more: The govt has announced the implementation of the long delayed One Rank One Pension (OROP) for ex-servicemen. However, protesting veterans rejecting the announcement as they believe it dilutes several core issues from the accepted definition. And, their representatives have met the Defence Minister to try and reach some understanding.
    Paramilitary forces and railway employees have now demanded OROP be made applicable to them as well.

International/World Affairs

  • Austria, Germany open borders: Austria and Germany threw open their borders to thousands of exhausted refugees. Although European countries are reluctant to accept refugees, the sheer number of people reaching Europe’s frontiers has forced this move. Asylum rules that require refugees to register in the first EU state they reach have been waived.
  • G20 vows to boost fragile growth, nudges China on currency: G20 finance ministers and central bank chiefs have pledged to act decisively to shore up stuttering global growth and to refrain from unsettling currency moves after China’s controversial devaluation last month. With a clear reference towards China, a statement has been released with a clear pledge not to resort to competitive currency devaluations to give an unfair advantage to domestic exports.

Economy/Business

  • Eyes on China trade data: China’s battered stock markets will reopen on Monday after a two-day public holiday. Key numbers coming out next week include trade data on Tuesday – expected to show both monthly exports and imports have fallen again (for the month of August) – and inflation data on Thursday. Signs of a further weakness in these aspects will cement expectations of fresh stimulus measures from the govt, and keep markets on edge.
  • Jaitley pitches for global safety nets to check currency, market volatility: India has pitched for global safety nets to address concerns over volatility in currency movements and markets at the G20 meeting. This demand has come against the backdrop of economic shocks triggered by the devaluation of the yuan. The Union Finance Minister has sought well-designed and quickly triggered redundancies under the International Monetary Fund, such as the strengthening of liquidity arrangements through multilateral swap arrangements between member-countries to tackle negative spill-overs from domestic actions.
  • MAT to foreign investors: more clarity sought on P-Notes: After the govt has made Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) applicable to foreign investors, the taxation of Participatory Notes (P-Notes) is an important issue in front of the govt today. It will help in weeding out entry of black-money into the country. (P-Notes are overseas derivative instruments (ODIs) issued by FPIs (earlier Foreign Institutional Investors) to overseas investors, who wish to invest in the domestic stock market without registering themselves with the SEBI).
  • CCPA to prepare a revival plan for West Bengal: To address the issues in the flailing Indian tea industry, the Consultative Committee of Plantation Associations (CCPA) will soon prepare a revival plan targeting the rising costs of production.
Categories
Newspaper

Newspaper Must Read Articles of The Day – 5 September 2015

Newspaper analysis from The Hindu bearing
relevance
to Civil Services preparation

Front Page/National

  • RBI crisis fund short of target: As per the RBI’s Annual Report for 2014-15, contingency funds kept for use in case of unforeseen shocks (like an important bank declaring bankruptcy) have fallen to 8.4 per cent of total assets. They should ideally be 12% of the total assets. This is because nothing has been added to either the Contingency Fund or the Asset Development Fund of the RBI in the past two years, while the size of total assets has continued to grow.
  • Govt ready with OROP draft modalities: The govt has prepared a draft on implementing the OROP scheme, and an announcement is expected within a few days. However, ex-Servicemen have been demanding that equalisation be held every year, and have rejected the draft because it states this revision will occur every five years. The govt’s argument is that too many administrative difficulties will be created by doing it annually. And, because the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations will also be submitted this year, this is the best deal possible considering the financial implications that will arise.
    It now appears that the ex-Servicemen are ready to accept a revision every two years.
  • Women to get permanent commission in the Navy: Till now, when any female officer was getting commissioned into the Navy, it was only for a ‘Short Service Commission’ of 14 years. (Male officers have the option of either 14 years or a permanent commission). Since pension benefits require a minimum of 20 years of service, women have been unable to get access to them. But the Delhi High Court has now allowed women to be granted permanent commission in the Navy, meaning they can have full-term service and enjoy retirement benefits, including pension.
  • MHA lists 9 reasons for cancelling Greenpeace licence: The Ministry of Home Affairs has clarified its rationale for cancelling the registration of Greenpeace India under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act. It has given nine reasons for taking that step. This cancellation of FCRA permit means that the NGO can no longer receive foreign funds and has to depend on domestic contributions for its operations.
  • MHA seeks report on Arabic varsity plan: The Ministry of Home Affairs is considering a proposal for setting up an international Arabic university in Kerala. It has asked central agencies for reports on aspects of “national concern” that can be involved. It is possible that the university might become a doorway for channeling foreign funds into the country.
  • Maharashtra curbs criticism of politicians: The Maharastra govt has released a resolution saying that any criticism of a politician or public servant will be charged as sedition if, in the criticism, they are portrayed as representatives of the Union or the State governments. It has come under severe criticism from the Opposition parties, which have blamed the government for attempting to curb the freedom of expression. The Maharashtra government later clarified that these guidelines were part of a general circular, and not an official Government Resolution. (ForumIAS thinks this sets a bad precedent. Either you have freedom of speech or you don’t. If you as a govt start regulating that people are allowed to say this but not that, there is no limit as to where you will stop, and subsequent governments can extend even more things into the category that people are not allowed to criticise. Threats to civil liberties only ever come one step at a time).

Opinion/Editorial

  • Friendly signal: The Union government’s decision to waive off the minimum alternate tax (MAT) liability on capital gains made by foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) and Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) is a welcome move. This will improve India’s image as an investment destination.
  • The Patidar idea of reservation: Constitutionally, a need for reservation requires evidence of discrimination or backwardness. But the dominant view today seems to be that any caste can get reservation if it can bend the state to its will by dangling the vote bank it commands. “If you give us reservation, you will get all our votes”.
  • Seventh Pay Commission is no ogre: An article analysing the market prerogatives of human talent as being accrued towards the public sector versus the private sector. The writer argues that the public sector and the private sector have different prerogatives, and should not be judged from the same pedestal. And, that the concept of Pay Commissions and Periodic pay revisions should be replaced with periodic management audits of government departments on parameters such as cost effectiveness, timeliness and customer satisfaction.
  • A case for the Net’s Ctrl+Alt+Del: The Indian government has often raised the concern that data-mining giants based outside the country – Google, Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp etc – do not cooperate with law enforcement authorities during a security crisis. At a bilateral Cyber Dialogue this year with US authorities, India has pointed out instances where social media played mischief in worsening a situation, highlighting the need for closer cooperation between American companies and the government. This issue needs to be resolved, otherwise govts will continue to employ clumsy methods like the one in Gujarat recently (where mobile data services were shut for a week).

International/World Affairs

  • Accept more refugees, UN tells EU: Refugees are fleeing wars, conflicts and economic miseries in West Asia (especially Syria) and Africa, and are flooding into Europe. The European countries have not been very happy about receiving them. But now the UN has instructed the European Union to start accepting more refugees.

Economy/Business

  • India saves $1.8 b on fertiliser subsidies, but no reform planned: In the short term, India could save about 1.8 billion dollars on fertilizer subsidies this year due to low energy prices worldwide. (Fertilizers demand a lot of petroleum products in their manufacturing). In the long term, industry groups had hoped that the reform-minded govt would use this opportunity presented by lower prices to free up the fertiliser market, as it did with diesel a year ago. But the govt has no plans to remove price controls because it does not want to risk angering farmers.

 

It’s Teachers’ Day. You could call a favorite teacher, you know. Maybe even a parent.

Categories
Newspaper

Newspaper Must Read Articles of The Day – 24 August 2015

Newspaper analysis from The Hindu bearing
relevance 
to Civil Services preparation

Front Page/National

  • Setback to anti-terror agenda: With the cancellation of NSA-level talks between India and Pakistan, India’s attempts to force Pakistan to move on three separate terrorism issues have been nipped in the bud. India had intended to hand over a list of fugitives hiding in Pakistan, hand over a dossier proving the residence of Dawood Ibrahim (responsible for 1992 Mumbai riots) in Pakistan, and highlight the slow pace of the 26/11 investigations (including the voice sample of prime accused Lakhvi that has never been handed over).
  • Ranil hopeful of political solution to Tamil question: Upon assuming office (after a narrow victory in the Sri Lankan general elections), the new Prime Minister has hoped for a quick political consensus on a new Constitution for Sri Lanka, and also to resolve the issue of ethnic Tamilians residing in Sri Lanka by working closely with the Tamil National Alliance.
  • Tiger reserve in limbo: The Kawal tiger reserve in Telangana is still not functioning as a tiger reserve even after three years of it being made a tiger reserve. Conservationists are alleging that local forest officials are creating the most hurdles by stalling orders that seek to enforce the guidelines of the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  • Helping fishermen know the behaviour of the sea, fishing zones: The India National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is going to augment its network of buoys and tidal gauges that generate real-time information on waves, tides, ocean currents, temperature and even movement of fish shoals.
  • Man-made slopes led to Darjeeling landslips, says GSI: The Geological Survey of India has identified that man-made slopes intended for construction of houses and pathways as one of the key reasons for the landslips in the Darjeeling area a couple of months ago. Since they are built without proper support, the soil becomes loose and huge chunks are prone to get washed away by rains.

Opinion/Editorial

  • No alternative to talks: The cancellation of the NSA-level talks between India and Pakistan is an indicator of the relation between the two countries in the foreseeable future. Because the issues are such that nothing apart from talks can succeed, it should be ensured that at least a a discreet back channel is opened.
  • A reductive reading of Santhara: Santhara is a centuries-old Jain practice of voluntarily starving to death, that the Rajasthan High Court has ruled to be a form of suicide, thus making it illegal. The writer here tries to separate it from suicide, because Santhara is a religious act of purification, done in consultation with a guru, and follows the most detailed of procedures. It is not an impulsive act or an egoistic one. It bears the imprimatur of theology and the approval of society. (The court had asked whether Santhara is an essential tenet of Jainism, and had given its verdict after concluding that it is not).
    (The flawed reasoning in the Santhara ban is the second article in today’s Editorial section about Santhara).
  • The Korean conundrum: The ultimatum given by North Korea to South Korea to stop its propaganda broadcasts across the demilitarised zone (DMZ) between the two countries or face war has raised tensions to a very high level. The ultimatum could be a ploy by the North Korean govt to deflect attention of its citizens from domestic issues, but the South (which will be defended by the US in any war) should display restraint and try for a diplomatic solution, especially because North Korea is also a nuclear state.

International/World Affairs

  • Britain, Iran reopen embassies: Terrorism, regional stability and the spread of the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq are among the challenges Britain and Iran should be prepared to work together, after they have reopened their embassies in each other’s countries.

Economy/Business

  • Exchange rate to determine corporate profitability: The fall in the value of the rupee, which is nearing 66 a dollar, is likely to impact corporate earnings in India because our domestic economy is more integrated with the global economy and also more sensitive to external shocks. We cannot really escape from repercussions of the Chinese stock market fiasco. (Indeed, our Sensex has opened 900 points lower this morning).
  • Corporate tax sops to be phased out, says Arun Jaitley: There are so many loopholes and exemptions in the Indian tax structure that many corporations pay hilariously lower taxes than they actually should. The Union Finance Minister has stated that the govt will start the process of gradually reducing corporate tax rates from 30% to 25% from next budget. And, this will be offset by removal of some exemptions which companies have been using to avoid paying the full taxes.
  • SEBI board to discuss commodity market norms: As part of the process while merging the commodity trading regulator FMC (Forward Markets Commission) with itself, the Securities and Exchange Board of India will discuss on Monday a new set of norms and finer details for the regulation of the commodities derivatives market.
  • Big-bang? Hardly: On the eve of Independence Day, the Finance Minister had unveiled a seven point agenda for public sector banks called “Indradhanush”. However, most of the points aren’t new and there are many challenges for them, that have been outlined by the writer in this article.
Categories
Uncategorized

CSAT DAILY MISSION #1

The following graph shows the amount (in lakhs) invested by a company in acquiring raw materials, and the amount it made from the sales of goods. Study it and answer the questions that follow:

Capture

 

 

Question 1

In which year has there been the maximum percentage increase in the amount invested in raw materials as compared to the previous year?

(A) 2008

(B) 2009

(C) 2010

(D) 2011

Question 2

In which year is the percentage change (compared to the previous year) in the investment in raw materials the same as the percentage change in the value of sales of finished goods?

(A) 2008

(B) 2009

(C) 2010

(D) 2011

Question 3

What is the average profit (per year) of the company during the entire period (in lakhs of rupees) ?

(A) 133

(B) 137

(C) 148

(D) 155

Question 4

Which year saw the maximum profit?

(A) 2007

(B) 2008

(C) 2009

(D) 2010

Question 5

Which year saw the smallest percentage deviation in profit from the preceding year?

(A) 2008

(B) 2009

(C) 2010

(D) 2011



SOLUTIONS TO DAILY CSAT MISSION # 2

1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (D) 5. (D)

Explanations
5. Only III is a valid conclusion.

SOLUTIONS TO DAILY CSAT MISSION # 1

1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (C) 5. (A)

Explanations
1. The percentage increases are:
In 2008: (450 – 240)/240 * 100 = 87.5%
In 2009: (750 – 450)/450 * 100 = 66.6%
In 2010: (660 – 750)/750 * 100 = -12%
In 2011: (1050 – 660)/660 * 100 = 59.1%

2. The percentage changes in raw materials are:
In 2008: (450 – 240)/240 * 100 = 87.5%
In 2009: (750 – 450)/450 * 100 = 66.6%
In 2010: (660 – 750)/750 * 100 = -12%
In 2011: (1050 – 660)/660 * 100 = 59.1%

The percentage changes in finished goods are:
In 2008: (600 – 400)/400 * 100 = 50%
In 2009: (1000 – 600)/600 * 100 = 66.6%
In 2010: (800 – 1000)/1000 * 100 = -20%
In 2011: (1200 – 800)/800 * 100 = 50%

3. The total expenditure on raw materials = 240 + 450 + 750 + 660 + 1050 + 840 =  3990 lakhs
The total value of the finished goods = 400 + 600 + 1000 + 800 + 1200 + 920 = 4920 lakhs
The total profit = 930 lakhs. The avg profit = 930/6 = 155 lakhs.

4. Profit each year:
In 2007: (400 – 240) = 160 lakhs
In 2008: (600 – 450) = 150 lakhs
In 2009: (1000 – 750 ) = 250 lakhs
In 2010: (800 – 660) = 140 laks
In 2011: (1200 – 1050) = 150 lakhs
In 2012: (920 – 840) = 80 lakhs

5. The percentage changes in profit are:
In 2008: (150 – 160)/160 * 100 = -6.2%
In 2009: (250 – 150)/150 * 100 = 66.6%
In 2010: (140 – 250)/250 * 100 = -44%
In 2011: (150 – 140)/140 * 100 = 7.1%

Categories
Uncategorized

CSAT DAILY MISSION #2

Question 1

Half of the villagers of a certain village have their own houses. One-fifth of the villagers cultivate paddy. One-third of the villagers are literate. Four-fifth of the villagers are below twenty five. Then, which one of the following conclusions is certainly true?

(A) All the villagers who have their own houses are literate.

(B) Some villagers under twenty five are literate.

(C) A quarter of the villages who have their own houses cultivate paddy.

(D) Half of the villagers who cultivate paddy are literate.

Question 2

Consider the following statements:
I. Doing well in CSAT implies doing well in PCS.
II. A good PCS result ensures that you get into one of the IAS or IPS.
III. Poor CSAT results do not get you commissioned into any of the civil services.

Which of the following conclusions is valid, based on the above statements?

(A) Doing poorly in CSAT always implies doing poorly in PCS.

(B) Good CSAT result ensures that one gets commissioned into civil services.

(C) Getting commissioned to IAS or IPS mean that one has done well in CSAT.

(D) Anyone getting commissioned in civil services is guaranteed to get either IAS or IPS.

Question 3

Consider the following statements:
A group of four has at least two female members.
Three of the group members are college students.

From the above statements, which of the following conclusions logically follows?

I. At least two female group members are college students.
II. There are at most two male members.
III. There is at least one female college student.

(A) II only

(B) I and II only

(C) II and III only

(D) I, II and II

Question 4

Consider the following statements:
I. Cloudy days tend to be more windier than sunny days.
II. Foggy days tend to be less windy than cloudy days.

From the above statements, which of the following conclusions logically follows?

(A) Sunny days tend to be less windy than foggy days.

(B) Sunny days tend to be windier than foggy days.

(C) Foggy days and cloudy days tend to be windier than sunny days.

(D) Foggy days and sunny days tend to be less windier than cloudy days.

Question 5

In recommending a salary cut of 5% to the board of directors, the CEO of a company said, “There were no worker demonstrations over previous salary cuts of three per cent last year and two percent the year before”. If the CEO’s statement is accurate. Which of the following can be validly deduced from the information given?

I. Most workers in the previous years felt that the salary cuts were justified.
II. Workers are likely to protest this time because they were silent at earlier times.
III. Workers are not likely to demonstrate over new salary cuts.

(A) I and II only
(B) I and III only
(C) I, II and III
(D) None of these



SOLUTIONS TO DAILY CSAT MISSION # 3

1.(C)  2.(D)  3.(B)  4.(A) 5.(A)

Explanations
1. You have to imagine this. It can’t be explained.

3. Let his average after 19 innings be ‘x’. So, total runs scored after 19 innings = 19x.
After his 20th innings, his average becomes (x + 5). So, total runs scored after 20 innings = 20(x + 5).
The difference is 155 runs. So, 19x + 155 = 20(x + 5) which gives x = 55.

5. Total money spent = Rs.7. Total money earned = Rs.9.
So, profit % = (9 – 7)/7 * 100 = 28.5 %.

Categories
Uncategorized

CSAT DAILY MISSION #3

Question 1

Six letters A,B,C,D,E & F are written front and back of six identical squares, with one letter on a square, and are hinged together as shown in the figure below. If they are folder to form a cube, what would be written on the face opposite the face on which C is written?

CSAT Daily Quest

(A) E

(B) F

(C) D

(D) None of the Above

Question 2

Consider the following statements:
1. None but the rich enjoy life.
2. Some of those who enjoy life get lifestyle diseases.
3. Some of those who get lifestyle diseases pay a heavy price.

Which of the following are valid conclusions that can be drawn from these statements?

(A) All the  rich enjoy life.

(B) Those who enjoy life get lifestyle diseases.

(C) All the rich people pay a heavy price.

(D) None of the above

Question 3

When a batsman scores 155 runs in his 20th innings, his average increases by  5 runs. What was his average at the end of 19 innings?

(A) 50

(B) 55

(C) 60

(D) 65

Question 4

Consider the following statements:
1. All students require motivation.
2. Motivation provides courage.
3. Courage is essential for success.

Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?

(A) All successful people are courageous.

(B) All courageous people are successful.

(C) All students are motivated.

(D) There is no other source of courage other than motivation.

Question 5

A buys 5 pencils for 7 rupees and sells 4 pencils for 9 rupees to B and loses 1 pencil on his way to the market. What is the profit % per pencil on the whole transaction?

(A) 28.5%

(B) 25%

(C) 20%

(D) -20%



SOLUTIONS TO DAILY CSAT MISSION # 4

1.(A) 2.(A) 3.(B) 4.(D) 5.(B)

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CSAT DAILY MISSION #4

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Your answers must be based on the passage only.

When an ecosystem is stable and healthy, we call it “Sustainable”. This means that it is capable of sustaining itself and reproducing. Sustainable ecosystems have biodiversity. There’s a variety of species and organisms living there and contributing to it.

Ecosystem destruction is already happening in the world today. 25% of our coral reefs have disappeared and it is expected that 60% more will be gone in 30 years. This is due to ocean acidification, water pollution and illegal fishing. If all the corals go, what will happen to our marine life? Deforestation is caused by illegal logging for human need and progress. More than 4.6 million hectares of forest have been burned or cut down. How many species have become extinct due to this? How many homes have been destroyed?

Habitat loss is endangering our animal species. Even our apex predators are being affected – the lion, tiger, polar bear and even the majestic mountain gorillas are all being threatened by habitat loss. Humans destroy ecosystems. Our lifestyle creates pollution and we overuse our natural resources. Today, we are using the resources of 1 and ½ planet Earths, even though we only have one. We build roads, hunt animals, cut down trees destroying forests and just litter the planet like crazy. We waste resources that are not infinite and they will soon run out, if we continue our practice. In the past 60 years, 60% of the Earth’s ecosystem has been degraded. To date, we have extracted approximately 23 billion tons of resources from the Earth. It’s a continuous practice, and has persisted in spite of our best efforts to reduce. Our natural ecosystems are finding it hard to cope with the different pressures and are unable to adjust. If we continue depleting resources and destroying our environment, soon it will be too late for them to recover, even with our help.

Question 1

According to the passage which of the following are incorrect:

(1) We may keep destroying our ecosystem to meet our energy needs, but we should take steps to recover them later.
(2) Deforestation is caused by expansion of agricultural practices.
(3)  We are not making any efforts to change our practices.
(4) Our ecological resources are not infinite and we will soon run out of them.

A) 3 only

B) 1 & 3 only

C) 1,2 & 3

D) All of the Above

Question 2

According to the passage, which of the following are reasons for deforestation?

(A) Illegal logging

(B) Govt sanctioned logging

(C) Population explosion of cattle

(D) Wild-animal grazing

Question 3

According to the passage, we must stop the practice of ecological destruction

(A) as soon as our basic needs are fulfilled, without being greedy.

(B) before it is too late.

(C) before the apex wildlife goes extinct.

(D) as soon as we fulfil  the needs of human welfare.

Question 4

Which of the following are true about sustainable ecosystems?

(1) They are stable.
(2) They are healthy.
(3) They are capable for reproducing.
(4) They have a rich diversity of species.

Select the correct answer from choices given below:

A) 1 & 2 only

B) 1, 2 & 3 only

C) 3 & 4 only

D) All of the above.

Question 5

If x% of y is twice z% of y, what could be the value of x, y and z respectively?

(A) 25, 100, 50

(B) 66, 100, 33

(C) 12.5, 25, 50

(D) 37.5, 75, 100



SOLUTIONS TO DAILY CSAT MISSION # 5

1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (D) 5. (C)

Explanations
1. The only arrangements possible that satisfy all given conditions are DABC or CBAD. Thus, only A is adjacent to D.

2. If Alok and Bhupesh have the same amount of money as Chander and Dinesh, then each pair will have Rs.50 out of a total of Rs.100.
Now, in the Rs.50 shared by Alok and Bhupesh, Alok has Rs. 10 more than Bhupesh. So, Alok has Rs. 30 and Bhupesh has Rs.20.
And, in the Rs.50 shared by Chander and Dinesh, Chander has half the amount as Bhupesh. So, Chander has Rs.16.66 and Dinesh has Rs.33.33.

3. LCM of 18, 24 and 32 = 288. So, the bells will ring together after 288 minutes i.e. 4 hours and 48 minutes after 8 am. This time will be 12:40 pm, or 12 minutes before 1 pm.

4. Students who speak only English + Students who speak only Hindi + Students who speak both languages = Total number of students = 50.
Consider English. If 21 speak English and 10 of them also speak Hindi, then no. of students who only speak English = 21 – 10 = 11.
So now, Students who speak only English (11) + Students who speak only Hindi + Students who speak both languages (10) = 50, which means Students who speak only Hindi = 29.

5. Tickets sold at Rs.5 = (1/2)*420 = 210.
Tickets sold at Rs.3 = (1/3)*420 = 140.
Tickets sold at Rs.2 = 420 – 210 – 140 = 70.
Total amount collected = 210*5 + 140*3 + 70*2 = Rs.1610