Defence Deals of India
India- US defence deal
- Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) – A kind of LSA b/w US-India.
- It is one of the 3 foundational agreements which US has with countries it has close military ties.The three agreements are — Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) and Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA)
- LEMOA provides access to designated military facilities on each other’s side for the purpose of refuelling and replenishment.
- It will primarily cover four areas — port calls, joint exercises, training and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief
- It does not provide for the establishment of any bases or basing arrangements.
- Defence Framework Agreement – purchase of 145 , M777 Howitzers, the first deal for artillery guns since the Bofors scandal in 1980s . These are guns which will be deployed in high altitude areas in Arunachal Pradesh and Ladakh, bordering China.
- India and the US had signed a defence intelligence sharing agreement in 2003 which expired in 2008 and was not extended. It focused on exchange of intelligence pertaining to terrorism and countries supporting terrorism
- India is reluctant to signing Defence Intelligence Sharing agreement with US – though both countries have many meetings and defence intelligence cooperation was a part of Framework Agreement , but signing a intelligence sharing Agreement invites looking into our strategic interests and whether our autonomy is not compromised.
The inclination of US towards India , is obvious considering its policy of re-balancing in Indo-Pacific region , countering the belligerent Chinese attitude , India too needs US support in countering the same.
In past US’s support to Pakistan irrespective of continued sponsoring of cross border terrorism in India and diversion of funds provided by US in supporting terroristic , Taliban’s activities in Afghanistan even after 2001 continues to be a matter of concern for India.
India- Russia defence deals
1.Relations between India and Russia were upgraded from “strategic partnership” to “special and privileged strategic partnership” in 2010
So far 70% of Indian arms import came from Russia but now the share of exports from Russia has been on a decline though it still constitutes the largest share.
2.Recently agreements worth $10bn were signed for the purchase of $5 billion worth of S-400 Tiumf air defense systems, four stealth frigates for $4 billion and the formation of a joint venture to manufacture Kampov-226T light utility helicopters in India worth more than $1 billion.
- Rapidly expanding ties between India and USA, which started with the India-US nuclear deal in 2008 .
- Growing defence relationship between India and USA
- Significance of Defence exports has grown considerably for Russia because of declining oil prices.
- Russia’s supply of armaments like MI 35 attack helicopters and SU 35 aircraft to Pakistan .
- Bilateral trade is below USD 10 Billion
- low quality and slow speed at which India receives spare parts for weapons is major irritant.
India- Israel –
- Israel is third largest supplier of arms to India after Russia and US.
- In last decade India has brought arms worth $12bn from Israel.
- We have intelligence sharing on terrorist groups and joint military training .
Palestine issue was one of the important reasons behind India’s reservations with Israel in past. Many a times India has supported resolution in UN against Israel , India has to tread this path cautiously , but considering the fact that many Islamic nations in Middle East are now building relations with Israel , India has been able to come out and work for its own advantages in areas like defence , security where Israel has good technology.
- In 1998, when India decided to go nuclear, France did not denounce India’s decision. Indo- French relations reached new summits with the establishment of a strategic partnership in 1998.
- After Russia, France has been the most trusted arms supplier for India.
- We have a joint working group to counter Terrorism .
- We have joint defence exercises i.e. military exercises between their Armies (Shakti), Navies (Varuna), and Air Forces (Garuda)
- In 2005 , Indian government took the decision to buy scorpene submarines from France for Indian defence.
- In 2016, for the first time in the history of the Republic Day parade, a contingent of French soldiers marched alongside the Indian troops .
- In Sept 2016, India signed Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) with France for the purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets at a cost of €7.87 billion
- Recent news of leakage of strategic information of scorpene deal , raises concerns about security of the strategic information.
France in past , like India has been a victim of terrorism , France has been a trusted friend of India and India has many inputs for France like dealing with the diversity , countering terrorism and balancing the power equation in the region.
- Japan ended its self imposed ban of 1967 on export of arms except to US , in 2014.
- Recently japan agreed to sale of US-2i amphibious planes to the Indian Navy , after giving price concession. It is first ever defence deal between India and japan.
- India is the first non NPT nation , that has signed civil nuclear agreement with Japan.
Countering China , rebalancing power equation in the Indo-Pacific region , securing Independence of Sea lanes and countering terrorism are on of the many areas of convergence of interests of both nations . India , world’s largest democracy has emerged as a mature nuclear power and one of the fastest growing economy with good demographic dividend. India, in current scenario has emerged as on of the important players in The region , which Japan can bank upon.