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FIN ( Facts in News)

Facts in News (FIN) : February 1 – February 15

Hello Everyone, Thank you all for your amazing response to our initiative named Facts in News (FIN). Your responses help us to perform better by everyday. As promised we have compiled facts which were in news between February 1 – February 15. We have comprehensively covered the facts so that it would be beneficial to UPSC  IAS Civil Services exam as well as other exams like State PCS, SSC etc.

Write your views in comment section, and it will help us to prepare better with time.

[Facts in News]

 

Bills, Programs, Policies, Schemes, Orders, Judgements
Strategic storage of oil
  • Underground storages are being built at Mangalore, Visakhapatnam and Padur
  • To guard against global price shocks
  • Adnoc(Abu Dhabi National oil company) has agreed to store crude oil in it
Gokul Gram yojana
  • Community development programme designed to educate milk producers
  • Punjab government has launched an extensive mission to develop pure breed of the ‘Sahiwal’ cattle under this yojana
Bharat Net project
  • Project to connect all India’s households, particularly rural areas, through broadband by 2017.
  • It will be backbone of “Digital India Programme”
  • PPP model used to implement the project.
Swachh Bharat Mission
  • Solid waste management is one of key feature of it
  • It has been made mandatory for fertilizer company to buy compost that is extracted from municipal solid waste
Child surrogacy
  • In a verdict, Bombay High court directed the Central Railways to grant 180 days of maternity leave to a woman who had a child through surrogacy.
Visa on Arrival
  • No waiting time to travel to India
  • Only business and conference VIsa seekers are allowed right now
  • Categories like research and medical are “not” allowed right now
  • 113 countries citizens can get Visa on Arrival facility

 

National & International Events
Historic Meeting
  • Pope Francis and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church will meet in Cuba.
  • It could be a historic step towards healing the 1,000-year-old rift between the Western and Eastern branches of Christianity.
India – Bangladesh:

Maritime cooperation

  • India and Bangladesh signed a Standard Operating Procedure(SOP) to operationalise the agreement on coastal shipping
  • China had earlier offered to develop the Chittagong port and India sees it as encircling by China under its”String of Pearls” strategy
India-Thailand Maritime cooperation
  • Joint task force meeting to deepen maritime and defence cooperation, ocean safety, disaster management and anti terror drills
MAKE IN INDIA week
  • Organised from 13-18th February in Mumbai
  • Showcasing the potential of design, innovation and sustainability across India’s manufacturing sectors in the coming decade. A week that will spark a renewed sense of pride in India’s manufacturing – and take corporate and public participation to the next level.
Trafficking in Persons (TIP) conclave
  • Held in siliguri, West Bengal government has decided to set up a central nodal agency to  fight against human trafficking
Surajkund International Crafts Mela 2016
  • Showcases the richness and diversity of Handicrafts, Handlooms and Cultural heritage of the country
  • It’s the 30th year of the mela, held for 15 fifteen days
  • 23 countries will participate this year.
  • China and Japan will be the “focus countries
SCOPE
  • Standing Conference Of Public Enterprises.
  • An international conference summit was held jointly with ILO, titled ”Reinventing HR”
  • U.D.Choubey is Director General of SCOPE
Trans Pacific Partnership
  • A US led free trade deal in Asia-Pacific
  • 12 countries signed the agreement in feb 2016
  • China not part of the agreement
Sino-India cooperation 2016
  • First joint tactical exercise in border(Chushul-Moldo) area
  • Previously joint exercise was conducted in Sikkim
  • Part of ongoing initiatives for better cooperation
Cobra Gold
  • An Asia Pacific multilateral amphibious exercise held in Thailand every year
Nuclear compensation
  • India ratified the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage(CSC)
  • CSC allows for increasing the compensation amount in the event of nuclear incident

 

Economy and banking
Currency Swap agreement
  • Foreign exchange derivative between two institutions to exchange the principal and/or interest payments of a loan in one currency for equivalent amounts, in net present value terms, in another currency
  • Recently there is currency swap agreement between RBI and UAE’s central Bank
NSEL(National stock Exchange Limited) and FTIL(Financial Technologies India Limited) to merge
  • This is the first time that the government has ordered a merger between two private entities under Section 396 of The Companies Act, 1956
  • NSEL  was embroiled in a Rs.5,600 crore settlement scam in July 2013

 

Science and Technology
Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO)
  • Detected Gravitational waves from space
  • It is in US
Mars Orbiter Mission(MOM)
  • A low cost Indian satellite still orbiting Mars beyond its mission time
  • NASA, Mars society Australia and Birbal Sahni institute will travel to ladakh to study topography and microbial life
  • Collaboration with France for a second Mars mission
CERN
  • European Organization for nuclear research, houses the large hadron collider.
  • Has succeeded in showing atom of anti-Hydrogen is charged neutral
Novus Drive
  • A 14 seater battery powered driverless shuttle
  • “Robotic Systemz” manufactured Novus at their Gurgaon facility
  • The homegrown vehicle has a range of 150Kms in a single charge.
Aerogel
  • Lightest solid material known to man
  • Finest insulation material
  • It has super high oil absorption capacity
  • Singapore scientists have successfully converted paper waste into green cellulose aerogels which are light, non toxic and flexible.
Cancer treatment
  • Scientists in the US are using empty Hepatitis E virus shell to transfer anti cancer vaccine and drugs in the body to treat cancer or other illness
CRISPr
  • Clustered Regularly Inter Spaced Short Palindromic Repeats
  • Have resistance to foreign genetic elements and provides a form of acquired immunity
  • Ethical debates have arisen in changing DNA sequence related  unborn human babies
Hyperloop
  • A transportation concept by Elon Musk, co-founder of Tesla motors.
  • Pods will have 20-30 people, which would travel in tubes at speeds of about 1127 Kms per hour.
Drishti RVR
  • An indigenously developed Runway Visual Range system
  • Beneficial in the severest of the fog
Aditya-L1
  • A mission to study the Sun sanctioned, likely  to be launched 2019-2020 on PSLV
  • L1 is lagrangian point in an orbit where the gravitational pulls of Earth and Sun don’t affect the spacecraft
  • Aditya has been designed by ADCOS, a multi faculty body of ISRO, which also designed the 2008 Chandrayaan I and 2013 Mars Orbiter Mission
Project Loon
  • Project of Google to provide internet connectivity to rural and remote areas
  • It will use helium filled balloons to provide connectivity to provide to an area of 40 Kms in diameter at 4G speeds.
  • Google is hoping to launch it India  

 

Environment
Raorshestas Travancorius
  • A rare and endemic frog species found in Kerala
  • Its was reported as extinct but now has been found again from the Periyar Tiger Reserve
CORAL
  • COral Reef Airborne Laboratory, a NASA 3 year airborne experiment
  • To survey the conditions of major coral reefs through remote sensing
  • Portable remote imaging spectrometer(PRISM) will be deployed measure optically, area covered by the reef and the reef productivity
World Wetlands Day
  • 2nd feb marks the signing of Convention on wetlands, called Ramsar Convention.
  • Theme this year is “ Wetlands for our future- Sustainable Livelihood”
Black Necked Cranes
  • Kashmir’s Endangered and vulnerable lovebirds
  • Its number has gone up
Tiger census Report
  • Karnataka tops the chart with 406 Tigers
  • Half of these tigers is in Bandipur and Nagarhole National Park

 

Persons in News ( Appointments, Awards , Deaths )
Hanumanthappa Koppad
  • Was Lance Naik in Indian Army
  • Rescued from 35 feet beneath the snow in  -45°C temperature, six days after an avalanche hit an Indian Army post in Siachen
  • But died of multiple organ failure
D.J.Pandian
  • Appointed as one of the five Vice-Presidents of the newly established Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB)
  • Designation of Chief Investment Officer(CIO) to focus on infrastructure in Asia
  • He was former bureaucrat with the Govt. of Gujarat
Archana Ramasundaram
  • First woman to head a paramilitary force(SSB)
  • 1980 batch IPS of Tamil Nadu cadre
  • Currently special Director NCRB
Afroz begum and Jahan Ara
  • First women Qazis of Rajasthan
Harinder Sandhu
  • Australia’s new High Commissioner to India
  • She is of Indian Origin
Sudhir Tailang
  • A well known cartoonist, died at 55 of brain tumour
  • A Padma Shri awardee,2004, for contribution to the art of cartooning
Asad Rauf
  • Umpire from Pakistan
  • Banned by BCCI on charges of corruption and misconduct in relation to IPL spot fixing scandal
O.N.V Kurup
  • Malayalam poet died recently
  • Recipient of Jnanpith award and Padma Vibhushan
Edgar D. Mitchell
  • A NASA astronaut, Sixth man to set foot on the moon, died.
  • Space mission- Apollo 14
  • Died 1 day before his 45th anniversary of moon landing in 1971
Prashant Kishore
  • An Indian political strategist and advisor to Chief Minister of Bihar on Policies and Program Implementation
  • Public Health expert by training and had formerly worked with the United Nations
Rohith Vemula
  • Dalit Research scholar of University of Hyderabad
  • He committed suicide
Justice(retd.) Sanjay Mishra
  • Appointed lokayukta of U.P,succeeding justice(retd.) N.K.Mehrotra, who held the post since 2006
  • He has retired from the Allahabad high court
Sanjeev Rajput
  • A shooting sportsperson qualified in the Asia Olympic shooting competition
  • He will now join shooters who will represent India in RIO Olympics
Leslie Bassett
  • Pulitzer winning composer died recently
Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela
  • Appointed as new Chief Justice of Bombay High court
  • Was previously Chief Justice of Orissa High court and Karnataka High court
Nida Fazli
  • Noted Urdu poet died of heart attack at 78
  • He was awarded Padma shri in 2013

 

Places in News
Bhojshala
  • Due to the claim on the disputed  structure here by both Hindus and Muslims, it has come to be known as ‘mini-Ayodhya’
  • It is in Madhya Pradesh
Bar Simaluguri
  • Northeast’s first Smart village
  • It is along Indo-Bhutan border, in Baksa district of Assam
  • It is done under aegis of Nanda Talukdar Foundation (NTF)
Loyola College,Chennai
  • Gives preferential option for the poor and Dalits in admissions and appointments

 

Books, Movies, Literature etc.
TITLI movie
  • Won Best first foreign film award
  • Conferred by the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics(FSCC) 2016
  • Directed by Kanu Behl

 

Sports
ICC under-19  world cup
  • West Indies won the series
  • Defeated India in the final
South Asian Games
  • 12th version of South Asian Games
  • “Tikhor” , a playful rhino is the mascot of the games
  • “Peace,Prosperity and Progress”, motto of the games
  • Ghosal took oath on behalf of participating athletes

 

Miscellaneous
GreenSignal Bio Pharma Pvt. Ltd.
  • An Indian company accorded PQP(prequalification of medicines programme) certification from WHO
  • PQP certification helps to participate in the global immunization programme
Intellectual property Index
  • By US
  • chamber of commerce Index is based on 30 criteria critical to innovation like patent, copyright, trademark protection, etc
  • India ranked 37 among 38 countries
National Legal Services Authority(NALSA)
  • Provides free legal services to weaker sections of the society, constituted in 1995
  • Union Govt. will extend Rs.148 crore to help provide free legal services to those who cannot afford
World Cancer Day
  • Feb 4, an international day founded by the Union for International Cancer Control(UICC)
  • Aims to raise awareness of cancer, encourage prevention, detection and treatment.
Araku Coffee
  • Araku valley is a hill station in Andhra Pradesh famous for coffee plantations
  • Premium organic “Araku Emerald” brand sells globally
Nada Kushti
  • A traditional form of wrestling of Mysore
  • “Garadis”- traditional wrestling gymnasiums
  • Vajramusthi Kalaga- Fist fighting
Beyond the Body
  • An international publication with black and white pictures of two wrestlers in a Garadi
  • Tomasz Gudzowaty- a renowned Polish photographer
  • Edited by Nan Goldin- a well known American photojournalist
Geographical Indication(GI)
  • A place name used to identify the origin, quality or reputation
  • Indian Basmati rice is set to get GI tag
EY Entrepreneur Of The Year 2015
  • Vinita Gupta, Chief Executive Officer, and Nilesh Gupta, Managing Director, Lupin Ltd.

 

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