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FIN ( Facts in News)

Facts in News (FIN) : January 16 – January 31

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[Facts in News]

 

Bills, Programs, Policies, Schemes, Orders, Judgements
Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2016
passed by Parliament
  • Bill aims to empower the Election Commission to carry out delimitation of constituencies in areas that were affected by the enactment of the Constitution (100th Amendment) Act, 2015
  • Under the 2015 Act, enclaves were exchanged between India and
    Bangladesh
‘Start-up India, Stand-up India
  • Startup India campaign is based on an action plan aimed at promoting bank financing for start-up ventures to boost entrepreneurship and encourage start ups with jobs creation.
  • Stand up India” scheme, aimed at providing credit to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and women borrowers intended to promote entrepreneurship and will involve loans ranging from Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 1 crore.
Reservation for women
  • Bihar government approves 35% job reservation for women in government jobs.
Giriputrika Kalyana Pathakam Scheme
  • By Andhra Pradesh government.
  • To support tribal women in their quest for livelihood.
National Conference on e-governance
  • 19th edition held in Nagpur.
  • Organized by Department of Administrative Reforms and public grievances (DARPG)
Sahaj Scheme
  • For online booking of LPG cylinder.
  • Launched as part of Government’s 2016 year of the consumer initiative
Schedule Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act 2015
  • The amendment act has more stringent provisions for prevention of atrocities against SC and ST.
  • Came into force from 26th January 2016.
  • New offences of atrocities like tonsuring of head, moustache, or similar acts which are derogatory to the dignity of members of STs & SCs garlanding with chappals, denying access to irrigation facilities or forest rights , dispose or carry human or animal carcasses, or to dig graves, using or permitting manual scavenging
  • Establishment of Exclusive Special Courts to enable speedy and expeditious disposal of cases.

 

National & International Events
Sahyog-Kaijin 2016
  • Bilateral exercise between India and Japan.
  • Exercise is a part of the cooperative arrangements between two Coast Guards for the last 15 years
US-Iran
  • US has removed wide range of nuclear sanction against Iran.
  • Because Iran has met its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) or Vienna agreement with P5+1 countries signed in July 2015.
  • P5+1(US, Russia, UK, France, China and Germany
India Africa Hydrocarbons Conference
  • Fourth Edition held in New Delhi.
  • Aims at enhancing greater co-operation between India and African Continent in the field of Hydrocarbons.
Arab India co-operation Forum
  • First meeting held in Manama, capital of Bahrain.
  • Provides platform to India to reach out of west Asian Nations.
India-Armenia
  • Signed protocol to amend the existing Double Taxation Avoidance convention (DTAC) to curb tax evasion.

 

Economy and banking
SBI InCube
  • SBI launched dedicated specialized branch for startups in Bangalore.
  • Will cater to the financial needs by providing advisory services to the budding entrepreneurs.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
  • Formally opened by Chinese President XI Jinping.
  • Chairman of Bank’s council-Lou Jiwei (FM of china).
  • President- Jin Liqun (Former FM of China).
  • Headquarter is in Beijing.
  • India is the second largest shareholder after China
RV Easwar committee
  • Expert committee to simplify income tax laws
  • Headed by justice (retired) RV Easwar
IMF Reforms
  • More voting rights to India, China, Brazil and Russia.
  • India’s voting right increased to 2.6% from 2.3%.

 

Science and Technology
Akash Missile
  • Mid range surface to air missile.
  • Indigenously developed by DRDO.
  • Successfully fired at Chandipur in odisha.

 

Environment
New bird Species
  • Named Himalayan Forest Thrush has been discovered in Northeastern India
  • It is only fourth new bird species to be discovered in India after Independence

 

Persons in News ( Appointments, Awards , Deaths )

Karl Deisseroth

 

  • Winner of life science breakthrough prize for 2016.
  • Featured speaker of sixth annual cell press-TNQ India distinguished lectureship series.
Tsai Ing-wen
  • Elected as first female President of Taiwan.
Sathyabhama Das Biju
  • Popularly known as frogman of India.
  • He has discovered a new genus of tree hole-breeding frogs named Frankie Xalus in the forests of northeast India and bordering parts of China.
Atulesh Jindal
  • IRS officer appointed chairman of CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes
Pandit Shankar Ghosh
  • Well known Tabla Player.
  • Followed Farukhabad Gharana of Hindustani classical music.
  • Died recently.
Marvin Minsky
  • Pioneer of artificial intelligence.
  • Died recently.
Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Freedom fighter popularly Known as Punjab Kesari.
  • Established DAV Schools.
  • On 28th January 2016, 150th Birth Anniversary is being celebrated.
Krishi Karman Award 2014-15
  • To reward best performing states in foodgrain production.
  • Madhya Pradesh has been awarded in category of maximum foodgrain production for 4th consecutive year.
K Veeramani Social Justice award
  • Instituted by US-based Periyar International
  • An organisation of non-resident followers of Dalit icon Periyar EV Ramasami.
  • Conferred to Bihar CM Nitish Kumar
Yash Chopra Memorial Award
  • Annual award for outstanding contribution to film industry
  • Actress Rekha has been conferred award this year

 

Places in News
Sikkim
  • It became India’s fully organic state
  • It successfully implemented organic farming practices on around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land.
Ranchi
  • India’s Largest and tallest Tricolor hoisted at Ranchi.
  • Till now Faridabad (Haryana) had raised the tallest National Flag.
Free Public Wi-Fi at Mumbai Central Railway Station
  • Google India and Indian Railways Telecom arm RailTel has launched it.

 

Miscellaneous
World’s largest Rice Exporter
  • India overtook Thailand as World’s Largest Rice Exporter.
National Voter’s Day
  • Commemorates foundation day of Election Commission of India
  • Came into existence on 25th January 1950.
  • Celebrated 6th voter’s Day.
  • Theme: Inclusive and qualitative participation.
National Family Health Survey(NFHS) 4
  • Large scale multi round survey.
  • Conducted in a representative sample of household .
  • Done under the aegis of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • Sex ratio in many states has decreased.
  • Literacy rate has increased.

 

 

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