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UPSC Mains General Studies Articles & Relevant Questions – TopicWise

General Studies (Mains) Paper – 1 Syllabus for IAS UPSC Mains Exam

  • Indian culture : The salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. | #IndianCultureQuestions |
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. | #ModernIndianHistoryQuestions
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. | #TheFreedomStruggleQuestions
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country | #PostIndependenceQuestions
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, | #WorldHistoryQuestions
  • Redrawal of national boundaries, Colonization, decolonization | #ColonizationDecolonizationQuestions
  • Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society | #PoliticaPhilosophyQuestions
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. | #IndiaSocietyQuestions
  •  Role of women and women’s organization, | #RoleOfWomenQuestions
  • Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. | #DevelopmentalIssuesQuestions
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society | #EffectsOfGlobalizationQuestions
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. | #EmpowermentSecularismQuestions
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography | #WorldGeographyQuestions
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); | #NaturalResourcesQuestions
  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) | #IndustriesQuestions
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., | #GeographicPhenomenaQuestions
  • Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. | #GeographicalFeautresQuestions
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General Studies (Mains) Paper – 2 Syllabus for IAS UPSC Mains Exam


  • Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries| Tag | #IndianConstitutionQuestions
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. | #UnionandStatesQuestions | Tag
  • Separation of powers between various organs;Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions | Tags | #SeperationofPowersQuestions
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these | #ParliamentQuestions
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments  of the Government; | #ExecutiveJudiciaryQuestions | Tag
  •  Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. | #PressureGroupsQuestions | Tag
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. | #RPAQuestions | Tag
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
    Constitutional Bodies; Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies  | #ConstitutionalPostsQuestions | Tag
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.  | #DevelopmentPoliciesQuestions | Tag
  • Development processes and the development industry– the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders  | #DevelopmentIndustryQuestions | Tag
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
    performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
    protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.  | #WelfareSchemesQuestions | Tag
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.  | #DevelopmentManagementQuestions | Tag
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.  | #PovertyQuestions | Tag
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency &accountability and institutional and other measures.  | #GovernanceTransperancyQuestions | Tag
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.  | #CivilServicesQuestions | Tag
  • India and its neighborhood- relations. | #IRNeighboursQuestions | Tag
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests  | #IRBilateralQuestions | Tag
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,| #IRPoliciesQuestions | Tag
  • Indian Diaspora.  | #DiasporaQuestions | Tag’
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.  |  #IRInstitutionsQuestions | Tag

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General Studies (Mains) Paper – 3 Syllabus for IAS UPSC Mains Exam


  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. | #IndianEconomyQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.  | #InclusiveGrowthQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Government Budgeting.  | #BudgetingQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country; Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers Economics of animal-rearingFood processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.  Technology missions;| #AgricultureQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;  | #SubsidiesQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Public Distribution System– objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;  | #PDSQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Land reforms in India.  | #LandReformsQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.  | #LiberalizationQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc; Investment models.  | #InfrastructureInvestmentQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Science and Technology– developments and their applications and effects in everyday life, Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology, Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology  | #SandTQuestions | Tag | Articles and
  • Issues relating to intellectual property rights.  | #IPRQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation , Environmental impact assessment  | #EnvironmentQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Disaster and disaster management.  | #DisasterManagementQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.  | #DevelopmentExtremismQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.  | #StateNonStateQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,  | #InternalSecurityQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Basics of cyber security;  | #CuberSecurityQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Money-laundering and its prevention  | #MoneyLaunderingQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with
    terrorism  | #BorderSecurityQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.  | #SecurityForcesQuestions | Tag | Articles

 

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General Studies (Mains) Paper – 4 Syllabus for IAS UPSC Mains Exam


  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.   | #EthicsQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;  | #HumanValuesQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.  | #RoleofFamilyQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.   | #AttitudeQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.   | #Aptitude#AptitudeQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.  | #EmotionalIntelligenceQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.   | #MoralThinkersQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;   | #CivilServiceValuesQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.   | #EthicsinIRQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.   | #ProbityinGovernanceQuestions | Tag | Articles
  • Case Studies on above issues.   | #EthicsCaseStudiesQuestions | Tag | Articles

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