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Mains 2016 Initiative

Mains 2016: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 – Aims and Targets


sendai-framework


The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action. The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, nonbinding agreement. It recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including:-

Local government
• The private sector and
• Other stakeholders


It aims for


Substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries.


Four Priorities for Action in the framework


Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment.
• Strengthening disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels is very important for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and rehabilitation.
• Public and private investment in disaster risk prevention and reduction through structural and non-structural measures Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.


The Seven Global Targets are


Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
• Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020 -2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
• Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to the global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
• Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services by 2030.
• Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.
• Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation.
• Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.


India, UNISDR sign Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework


Recently, India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction signed a Statement of Cooperation. India will partner with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian countries in ensuring risk resilient development. It will also facilitate the sharing of knowledge and experiences, and collaborative efforts towards
addressing critical regional challenges.


The cooperation aims:-
• To ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the Sendai Framework through Training and capacity building for Asian countries;
• At Promoting international and regional cooperation to reinforce political commitment,
• To facilitate knowledge sharing and strengthen the capacity of UNISDR for monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework.


 

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