Mains Marathon

Mains marathon – GS test 11


Read the below questions carefully and answer them in your own words not exceeding 200 words.

Time: 1 Hour

Total Marks : 10 x 7 = 70 Marks

1. Probity in governance is an essential and vital requirement for an efficient and effective system of governance and for socio-economic development. What are important requisite for ensuring probity in governance?

2. Given are two quotations of moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these, bring out what it means to you in the present context

a. “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.”

b. “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.”

3. The legal system of a country determines considerably the efficacy of the ethical concerns in governance system. Elucidate with special emphasis on present laws in India.

4. Discuss the importance of ethically-based corporate governance to promote efficient, sustainable and more transparent markets.

5. A school van carrying 20 children hits a passenger bus en-route to school. Three women in the passenger bus and 4 children in the school van die on the spot. It was the fault of driver of school van who jumped the signal and hit the passenger bus. The driver of school van escapes unhurt and then escapes from the accident spot. The government announces cash relief to all the victims –dead and injured. At the same time, the government cancels recognition to the school to which the van belongs to. The police, on complaint from the aggrieved parents, arrests the principal of the school and a search party is sent to arrest the absconding driver.

a. Is government right in its actions mentioned in the case study? Substantiate. (200 Words)

b. Is it right to arrest the school principal? Explain why. (150 Words)

6. A man convicted for rape and murder of two 15 year old girls has been awarded death sentence by the court. His sentence is due in 3 days. You are the in charge of the jail and have been assigned to supervise his death sentence. The convict becomes seriously ill two days before he is about to be hanged. Preliminary medical tests reveal that he has blood cancer. Your colleagues advise you that as he is about to be executed, the matter should be kept as secret and the convict should be kept in his cell. Even jail doctors advise you the same. They also tell you that this convict deserved such a death for his crime.

What will you do in this situation? Explain why.

7. Raju failed to pass SSLC exam. His parents wanted him to pass this exam at any cost. Raju did work hard. He went for tuitions early in the morning a whole year and took lessons from good coaching institutions. Raju‟s mother who works as teacher also made him study till late night every day. When his result came, Raju‟s parents were disappointed and shocked. Neighbours and relatives children all had passed the exam with distinction. In a fit of rage, Raju‟s mother scolded him for ruining the family name. Raju, a good and sensitive boy, wrote a suicide note and tried to kill himself by jumping into a lake in the city. Fortunately someone saw him jumping and rescued him.

a) If you were in Raju’s position, what would you have done after the result and what would you have expected from your parents? Explain. (150 Words)

b) In your opinion, what should be the priority for any parent when it comes to their children’s future? What values should they inculcate in their children? Examine. (150 Words)

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