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PIB January Week 4: ECONOMY



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ECONOMY


Government e-Marketplace 


Introduction:

  • Public procurement forms a very important part of Government activity and reform in Public Procurement is one of the top priorities of the present Government.
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM) is a very bold step of the Government with the aim to transform the way in which procurement of goods and services is done by the Government Ministries/Departments, PSUs, autonomous bodies etc.

Background:

  • DGS&D with technical support of NeGD (MeitY) has developed GeM portal for procurement of both Products & Services.
  • GeM is a completely paperless, cashless and system driven e-market place that enables procurement of common use goods and services with minimal human interface.

Benefits of GeM to the Government, Sellers and the Indian industry and economy

  1. Transparency:
  • GeM eliminates human interface in vendor registration, order placement and payment processing, to a great extent.
  • Being an open platform, GeM offers no entry barriers to bonafide suppliers who wish to do business with the Government.
  • At every step, SMS and e-Mail notifications are sent to both buyer, his/her head of organization, paying authorities as well as sellers.
  • Online, cashless and time bound payment on GeM is facilitated through integration with PFMS and State Bank Multi Option System (SBMOPS); web-services integration is being extended to payment systems of Railways, Defence, major PSUs and State Governments.
  • Seamless processes and online time-bound payment, which is also mandated by the OM issued by Department of Expenditure, has given confidence to the vendors and reduced their ‘administrative’ cost involved in pursuing officers for timely payment. 
  1. Efficiency:
  • Direct purchase on GeM can be done in a matter of minutes and the entire process in online, end to end integrated and with online tools for assessing price reasonability.
  • For procurements of higher value, the bidding/RA facility on GeM is among the most transparent and efficient, in comparison to e-procurement systems in vogue within the Government sector.
  • For creating a bid/RA, the buyer does not need to create his/her own technical specifications as they have been standardized on GeM.
  1. Secure and safe:
  • GeM is a completely secure platform and all the documents on GeM are e-Signed at various stages by the buyers and sellers.
  • The antecedents of the suppliers are verified online and automatically through MCA21, Aadhar and PAN databases.
  • In addition, SEBI empaneled credit rating agencies are also being used for conducting third-party assessment of suppliers.
  • This would further strengthen due diligence about the veracity of suppliers wanting to do business on GeM.For high value bids/RA on GeM, an e-Bank Guarantee is also being introduced.
  1. Potential to support Make in India:
  • On GeM, the filters for selecting goods which are Preferential Market Access (PMA) compliant and those manufactured by Small Scale Industries(SSI), enables the Government buyers to procure Make in India and SSI goods very easily.
  • Easily accessible MIS also enables the administrators and policy makers to easily and effectively enforce the Government regulations on PMA and SSI sourcing.
  • After the launch of GeM it has been noticed that several leading computer manufacturers have placed PMA compliant products on GeM.
  1. Savings to the Government:
  • The transparency, efficiency and ease of use of the GeM portal has resulted in a substantial reduction in prices on GeM, in comparison to the tender, Rate Contract and direct purchase rates.
  • The average prices on GeM are lower by atleast 15-20%, and in some cases even upto 56%.
  • GeM is also doing Demand Aggregation for items that are to be procured by various Central/State Government Departments.
  • Demand Aggregation is expected to further drive the prices south, by way of standardization of specifications and economy of scale.
  • Demand aggregation for most of the common use goods and services is estimated to result in annual savings to the tune of Rs 40,000 Crore per annum.
  • If pursued to its logical conclusion, GeM would eventually emerge as the National Public Procurement Portal, keeping in tune with the Global best practices; most of the OECD countries, like USA, South Korea, UK, Singapore etc, have a single NPPP and as a result annual savings of billions of dollars are made in public procurement, besides giving a fillip to the domestic industry.

 

 

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