Categories
Uncategorized

[Solution] – The 10 PM Daily Quiz – 15 July, 2016

solution

We posted 6 questions in 10 PM Daily Quiz on 15 July, 2016. Thanks for the amazing response. These questions will help you polish concepts based on current affairs. In case you have not attempted them, please attempt them by clicking below.


Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding e-cigarettes

  1.  e-cigarettes do not produce smoke.
  2.  These are handy battery-powered devices that emit doses of vaporized nicotine.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-c

Explanation:-

What are e-cigarettes?

e-cigarettes are handy battery-powered devices that emit doses of vaporised nicotine. It produces the feel of tobacco smoking.

Unlike regular cigarette, e-cigarettes do not produce smoke but produces an aerosol (mist), which is inaccurately referred to as vapor.

e-cigarettes have a heating element that atomizes a liquid solution known as e-liquid which usually is a mixture of propylene glycol, glycerin, nicotine, and flavorings.

Ill effects: A series of studies conducted in Japan and United States (US) had proved that the usage of e-cigarette can cause cancer and heart ailments.


Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise

  1. RIMPAC is the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise.
  2. It is held annually during June and July of even-numbered years from Honolulu, Hawaii.
  3. This year, India was represented by Indian Naval ship (INS) Satpura, an indigenously built guided missile stealth frigate.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer-b

Explanation:-

Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise

The RIMPAC is the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise. It is held biennially during June and July of even-numbered years from Honolulu, Hawaii.

It is hosted and administered by the United States Navy’s Pacific Fleet (headquartered at Pearl Harbor) in conjunction with the Marine Corps, the Coast Guard, and Hawaii National Guard forces under the control of the Governor of Hawaii.

Host country United States invites military forces of countries from the Pacific Rim and beyond to participate.

The biennial exercise seeks to provide a unique training opportunity to participants in order foster cooperative relationships to ensure the safety of sea lanes and security on the world’s oceans.

India is being represented by Indian Naval ship (INS) Satpura, an indigenously built guided missile stealth frigate.


Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Kuiper belt

  1. Kuiper belt is a region of the solar system beyond the planets, extending from the orbit of Pluto.
  2. The Kuiper belt objects (KBO) are composed largely of frozen volatiles (termed ‘ices’), such as methane, ammonia and water.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-b

Explanation:-

About Kuiper belt

  •         Kuiper belt is a region of the solar system beyond the planets, extending from the orbit of Neptune. It consist mainly small bodies or remnants from the solar system’s formation.
  •         It is similar to the asteroid belt, although it is far larger — 20 times as wide and 200 times as massive. The Kuiper belt objects (KBO) are composed largely of frozen volatiles (termed ‘ices’), such as methane, ammonia and water.

Kuiper belt is home to at least three dwarf planets — Pluto, Haumea and Makemake. Pluto, discovered in 1930, is considered its largest member.


Q.4) ‘eThekwani Declaration’ is related to which of the following organisations?
a) ASEAN
b) European Union
c) BRICS
d) SAARC

Answer-c

Explanation:-

  •       The second anti-drug working group meeting of heads of anti-narcotics agencies of BRICS countries began in New Delhi to discuss issues related to narco-terrorism and money laundering. The one day meeting was inaugurated Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. It has been organised by the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) of India.
  •         The anti-drug working group meeting of heads of anti-narcotics agencies has been organised by India in accordance with the ‘eThekwani Declaration’ adopted during the BRICS summit in March 2013 at Durban, South Africa. Under the ‘eThekwani Declaration’ BRICS countries had decided to explore economic issues and various new areas of cooperation among the member States including drug-related issues.

Q.5) Consider the following statements regarding Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

  1. It functions under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  2. 2016 is the centenary year of ZSI.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-c

Explanation:-

Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

  •         ZSI is the apex institution on animal (fauna) taxonomy in India. Established: 1 July 1916. 2016 is the centenary year of ZSI.
  •         Headquarter: It also has 16 regional centres located in different parts of the country.
  •         Objective: To promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in the Indian subcontinent. It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
  •         Functions under: Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It activities are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division of MoEFCC. It has been declared as the designated repository for the National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002
  •         Activities Undertaken: Study of the fauna of states, of conservation areas, of important ecosystems. Status survey of endangered species, fauna of India and ecological Studies & Environmental impact assessments. ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by IUCN.

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has launched long-term monitoring studies project to document the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity in five Himalayan states. These five Himalayan states are Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.


Q.6) Which country’s supercomputer has topped the 2016 edition of Top500 list of supercomputers?
a) USA
b) Japan
c) Germany
d) China

Answer-d

Explanation:-

  •         The 2016 edition of Top500 list of supercomputers has revealed that China’s Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer is the world’s most powerful supercomputer system Sunway-TaihuLight can perform calculations with processing speed of 124.5 petaflops per second (Pflops).
  •         It is world’s first system to surpass 100 petaflops. This supercomputer has displaced Tianhe-2, an Intel-based Chinese supercomputer that has claimed the top spot in the past six Top500 lists.
  •         One petaflop is equal to one quadrillion sustained floating point operations per second.
  •         Other supercomputers in Top500 list
  •         Second position: An Intel-based Chinese Tianhe-2 supercomputer which can perform calculations with processing speed of 33.86 Pflops.
  •         Third position: Supercomputer Titan of the US Department of Energy. It has a performance of 17.59 Pflops.
  •         Fourth position: Supercomputer It is an IBM BlueGene/Q system installed at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
  •         Fifth position: Supercomputer Fujitsu’s K computer. It has been installed at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) in Japan.
  •         Top Countries in the list: China (1st position) with 167 super computer systems, US (2nd position) with 165 systems, Japan (3rd position), Germany (4th position) with 26 systems, France (5th position) with 18 systems, Britain (6th position) with 12 systems.
Print Friendly