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[Solution] – The 10 PM Daily Quiz – 28 April, 2016

We posted 7 questions in 10 PM Daily Quiz on 28th April, 2016. Thanks for the amazing response. These questions will help you polish concepts based on current affairs. In case you have not attempted them, please attempt them by clicking below.

Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding Compulsary Licensing

  1. Compulsory licensing is when a government allows someone else to produce the patented product or process with the consent of the patent owner.
  2. The Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health confirms that countries are free to determine the grounds for granting compulsory licences.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both are correct

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – b

Explanation:-

Compulsory Licencing

  • Compulsory licensing is when a government allows someone else to produce the patented product or process without the consent of the patent owner.
  • It is one of the flexibilities on patent protection included in the WTO’s agreement on intellectual property — the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement.
  • The compulsory licensing provision arms the government with the power to ensure that medicines are available to patients at affordable rates and has so far been used in Brazil, Thailand and South Africa.
  • It gives the government the right to allow a generic drugmaker to sell copycat versions of patented drugs under certain conditions, without the consent of the patent owner.
  • The TRIPS Agreement does not specifically list the reasons that might be used to justify compulsory licensing.
  • However, the Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health confirms that countries are free to determine the grounds for granting compulsory licences.

Q.2) Which of the following is a European Country?

a)Azerbaijan

b) Ivory Coast

c) Cameroon

d) Guinea

Answer-a

Explanation:- Others are African countries.


Q.3) Special 301 Report was in news recently, it deals with

a) Report regarding possibilities of exit of U.K. from the European Union.

b) Indian Government report regarding undernourished women in India

c) Indian Government report to set up sex offenders registry

d) It is a report of those countries whose Intellectual property right regime (IPR) has negative impact on American products.

Answer-d

Explanation:-

What is special 301 report?

Under Section 301 of US Trade Act, the office of US Trade representative (USTR) prepares a list of countries whose Intellectual property right regime (IPR) has negative impact on American products. Among such countries, special attention given to two groups:

Priority watch list countries Priority foreign countries
USA uses “carrot” policy to incentivize IPR reforms e.g. funding, training, capacity building, bilateral exchanges and conferences. “sticks” policy to force IPR reforms e.g. putting trade sanctions, approaching WTO dispute resolution.

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding sugarcane production (as per 2015)

  1. Brazil is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world.
  2. India is the 2nd largest producer of sugarcane in the world.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both are correct

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer-c

Explanation:- As per 2015, Brazil ranks 1st, India is 2nd, China is 3rd, Thailand is 4th and Pakistan is 5th.


Q.5) Consider the following statements:

  1. BMI is a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) multiplied by his or her height in meters squared.
  2. BMI categorize that a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both are correct

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer b

Explanation:-

Body mass Index

BMI is a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her height in meters squared.

BMI categorize that a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value.


Q.6) Consider the following statements regarding Infant Mortality rate:

  1. Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  2. India had not done well this year as compared to last year.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both are correct

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer a

Explanation

Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
India 44 43 41 39

Q.7) Consider the following statement regarding sex offender’s registry:

  1. It will include details of convicted sex offenders like their photograph,addresses, PAN card details, Aadhar card number, fingerprint details and DNA samples.
  2. It will not include offender below 18 yrs of age.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both are correct

d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer a

Explanation:- Click here

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