Saturday CSAT Quiz

[Solutions] Saturday CSAT Quiz #13



Directions: Read the passage and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passage only.

When India became independent in 1947 after two centuries of colonial rule, it immediately adopted a firmly democratic political system, with multiple parties, freedom of speech, and extensive political rights. The famines of the British era disappeared, and steady economic growth replaced the economic stagnation of the Raj. The growth of the Indian economy has quickened further over the last three decades and become the second fastest amongst large economies. Despite a recent dip, it is still one of the highest in the world.

Although this growth has been rapid, making it sustainable remains an important, although achievable, goal for India. India’s leading economists argue that the country’s main problems lie in the lack of attention paid to the essential needs of the people, especially of the poor, and often of women. There have been major failures of measures both to foster participatory growth and to make good use of the public resources generated by economic growth to enhance people’s living conditions. There is also a continued inadequacy of social services such as schooling and medical care as well as of physical services such as safe water, electricity, drainage, transportation and sanitation. In the long run, even the feasibility of high economic growth is threatened by the underdevelopment of social and physical infrastructure and the neglect of human capabilities; in contrast with the Asian approach of simultaneous pursuit of economic growth and human development, as pioneered by Japan, South Korea, and China.

In a democratic system, which India has great reason to value, addressing these failures requires not only significant policy rethinking by the government, but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country. The deep inequalities in Indian society tend to constrict public discussion, confining it largely to the lives and concerns of the relatively affluent.

Q.1 After 200 years of British rule, Independent India adopted resolutely itself:

1. To adapt to an egalitarian political system.

2. The single party system

3. Freedom of speech

4. Far­reaching political privileges

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

a) 1,2, 3 and 4

b) 2 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Solution. All these options can be found in the 1st 2 lines of the passage.



Q.2 Which of the following indicates the end of the colonial era of British in India?

1. The disappearance of the continual famines that were striking India.

2. India began to witness growth in her economy.

3. Rank at number two in the list of fastest growing economies in the world.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All the above

Solution. Statement 3 is wrong because the rank was witnessed in last 3 decades, not during the end of British era, while the statement 1 and 2 are mentioned to show that British era was disappearing from the country.



Q.3 Which of the following is/are suggested by the economists to address the problems existing in India?

1. Disregarding of the essential needs of the people.

2. Let­down to boost progress and to make good use of the civic assets.

3. Having sound knowledge concerning the deprivations of humans in India

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1 and 2 only

Solution. Statement 3 is correct because only with sound knowledge of people’s need, the government can take care of people’s poor living condition and make proper use of public resources.



Q.4 Vidya is selling apples at 25% cheaper than Shashi and 25% dearer than Vinutha. By how much percentage, Vinutha’s apples are cheaper than Shashi’s?

a) 30%

b) 50%

c) 40%

d) 60%

Solution. Let 100 be the price of Apples of Shashi. Then Vidya is selling at 75 i.e. 25% cheaper than Shashi. Vidya’s apples are 25% dearer than Vinutha’s. i.e Vidya’s apples are 1.25 times more than Vinutha’s apples. If 1.25 times = 75, 1 time = ?
Vinutha’s apples = 75/1.25 = 60

Therefore Vinutha’s apples are 40% cheaper than Shahi’s.



Q.5 Two friends Kavya and Lakshmi are talking to each other face to face. It is the time of the day before sunset. If Lakshmi’s shadow is exactly to her right, which direction is Kavya facing?

a) East

b) South

c) North

d) West

Solution. During Sunset, Sun is in the west and Lakshmi’s shadow is towards her right, she should be facing north. Then Kavya should be facing South.



Q.6 The first and 7th letters of the word INTERCHANGED are interchanged, similarly the 2nd and 8th, 3rd and 9th and so on. What is the 6th letter of the word after interchanging?

a) C

b) E

c) D

d) G

Solution. The original word is INTERCHANGED.

After interchanging of the letters in the said manner, the word will be





































The 6th letter of the new word is D.



Q.7 A student multiplies a number by 8 instead of dividing it by 8. The answer he got was 192. What should be the answer if he had done the calculation correctly?

a) 2

b) 3

c) 4

d) 1

Solution. The answer he got is 192. So the he multiplied with 8 is 192/8 = 24. If he had divided 24 by 8 the answer would have been 3.


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