Mains Marathon

Answered: Mains Marathon – UPSC Mains Current Affairs Questions – January 27

Mains Marathon

Mains Marathon – UPSC Mains Current Affairs Questions – January 27

Read the following questions and answer them by clicking on the links in not more than 200 words

Time: 30 Minutes

Kindly review each others answers.

1.How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India? (GS 1)

भारत में मध्यम वर्गीय कामकाजी महिला की अव्स्तिथि को पित्रुतंत्र किस प्रकार प्रभावित करता है?

The Hindu | Live Mint

Source: UPSC Previous Year Question Paper

2.“The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of strong.” Discuss. (GS 4)

“कमज़ोर कभी माफ़ नहीं कर सक्ता, क्ष्यामाशीलता तो ताकतवर का गुण है”, चर्चा करें.

Source: UPSC Previous Year Question Paper

3.What does ethics seek to promote in human life? Why is it all the more important in Public Administration? (GS 4)

मानव जीवन में नैतिकता किस बात को प्रकाश डालने में मदद करती है? लोक प्रसाशन में यह और भी अधिक महत्वपूर्ण क्यों है?

Source: UPSC Previous Year Question Paper



Download : UPSC Mains 2016 Public Administration Optional Paper – 2

Download the Public Administration Optional Paper -2 Question Paper from the link below:

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD Public Administration Optional Paper -2



Q.1)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words  each:

a) “The Regulating Act of 1773 not only introduced value in administration but also laid the foundation on centralized administration in India.” Explain.

b) Do you think that some of the ideals enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution remain only on paper even today? Critically evaluate.

c) Examine the efficacy of the measures taken to redefine and execute cooperative federalism in India.

d)Evaluate the performance and efficacy of the Maharatna, navratna and Miniratna type of Public Sector Undertakings in the context of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG).

e) “The growing prominence of NGOs in development areas is strongly related to the declining legitimacy of the State.” Explain.

Q.2) “In contemporary times, Kautilya’s Arthashstra is relevant more in the field of international relations than in economic affairs.” Analyse the statement.

b) “Dominant centralized administration is correlated with decisive and authoritative leadership provided by the Prime Minister’s office.”

c) “A significant legacy of the Mughal rule in India is a well-organized revenue administration at the State and District Levels.” Comment.

Q.3) a) What factors have led to the expansion of the role of the Ministry of Home Affairs? How can it coordinate its affairs more effectively with the Ministry of Defence?

b) “Introduction of G.S.T. (Goods and Services Tax) no doubt has economic benefits, but tends to compromise the States’ ” IN this context, comment on the changing nature of Union-State financial relations.

c) “Planning in India has failed to meet the challenges of economic development and social change.” Discuss the statement in the context of the emergence of NITI Aayog.

Q.4) a) “The absence of congruence of views on appointments to judiciary between the Supreme Court and the Union Government has had an adverse impact on the judicial system.” In the light of  the above statement, examine the proposal to constitute an All India Judicial Service. (AIJS).

b) “The separation between regulatory and development functions in many development administration.” Critically examine the need to relook at this policy.

c) “Legislatures have become a place for infighting rather than for proper policy making.” Comment in the context of the working of State Governments.



Q.5)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Autonomy granted to higher civil servants tends to increase their creativity and productivity.” Argue the case to make the civil service more accountable as well as innovative.

b) Justify the budgetary support to nationalized banks to overcome the crisis resulting out of Non-Performing Asserts (NPA).

c) “National Green Tribunal is viewed by many critics as a hindrance to economic development” Evaluate the statement and give arguments in support of the your answer.

d) Is training of police in India still a reflection of the colonial mindset? Give reasons for your answer.

e) “The concept of ‘New localism’ is related to the emerging nature of the relationship between the State governments and local government bodies.” Explain.

Q.6) a) “The goals of good governance will remain utopian if local governments responsible for providing all basic services directly to the citizens, are not empowered as mandated by the 73rd and 74th  constitutional Amendment Acts.” Critically evaluate the status of empowerment of the local bodies

b) Explain how the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.

c) What merits do you foresee in the proposed merger of the Railway Budget with the General Budget?

Q.7) “The Right to Information Act is a path-breaking legislation which signals the march from darkness of secrecy to dawn of transparency.”

a) What hurdles do the citizens face in obtaining information from the government? Explain how the reluctance of the government to part with information under RTI can be addressed.

b) “The objectives of fiscal devolution to local bodies as mandated by the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts has been derailed by the actual working of the State Finance Commissions. ” Comment.

c) “The initiative of the Income Tax Department on disclosure of black money has had a mixed response.” Give suggestions for tackling this complex problem.

Q.8)  a) Do you agree that Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations do not reflect and correlate the need for civil service reforms and accountability with pay increase? Justify your answer.

b) “In a democratic polity, any conception of ethics and integrity in public life must encompass not only politicians and civil servants but also citizens.” Discuss.

c) “Police reforms in India have remained a contentious issue.” Critically analyse.


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Free Material by Mango Dolly ( ITS, IRS) : Public Administration Notes 2.0

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Free Material by Mango Dolly ( ITS, IRS) : Public Administration Notes 2.0

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Download : Public Administration Notes by Mango Dolly ( ITS, IRS)

This Article has been shifted to our new blog.

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Download : UPSC Mains 2016 Public Administration Paper -1

Download the Public Administration Question Paper from the link below:

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD Public Administration Question Paper -1

Answer the following Questions in about 150 words each: 

Q.1)  a) “Taylorism is considered very  controversial despite its popularity.” (Stephen P. Waring) Comment.

b) “Public Administration is the translation of politics into reality that citizens see everyday.”(Donald F. Kettl and James W. Fesler) Explain.

c) “Morale can drive an organization forward or can lead to employees” discontent, poor job performance and absenteeism”.

d) “The autonomy of Public Corporations raised a great debate about their internal working and external relatin with the Ministers and the Parliament.”

e) “In spite of certain advantages, Social Audit arrangements have mostly been ineffective because there is no legal provision for punitive action.”


 Q.2)  a) “Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y describe two  contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in an organization.” Examine.

b) “The New Public Administration has seriously jolted the traditional concepts and outlook of the discipline and enriched the subject by imparting wider perspective by linking it closely to the society.” (Felix A. Nigro and Lloyd G. Nigro) Elucidate.

c) “The central concern of Administrative Law has been the legal limitation of administrative discretion.” Give reasons.


Q.3) a) “if the Regulatory Commissions…..are wholly independent, they are completely irresponsible for the doing of very important policy determining  and Administrative work ….. on the other hand, to rob the commissions of their independence is seriously to menace the impartial performance of their judicial work.” (Cushman) Examine.

b) “Goood governance is ensuring respect for human rights and strengthening democracy, promoting transparency and capacity in Public Administration.” (Kofi Annan) In the light of the statement, critically examine the criteria of good governance as provided by United Nations and Nayef Al-Rodhan.

c) “The legislative control over administration is not as effective as it ought to be”.


Q.4) a)”Blake and Mouton defined leadership styles based on two dimensions-concern for people and concern for production.” In the light of statement, discuss the Managerial Grid Model. Explain with reason which one of the styles is the best.

b) “ bureau-Shaping Model has been developed as a response to the Budget-Maximizing Model.”

c) “Civil Society performs a key role in defending people against the state and market and in asserting the democratic will to influence the State”. Analyze the statement with suitable



Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Q.5) a) “Training is considered as paid holidays.” Comment.

b) “Public Borrowing produces different effects on the economy.” Examine.

c) “Self-Help Groups are considered as one of the most significant tools to adopt participatory approach for economic empowerment of women”. Comment.

d) “Riggs observed that three ‘trends’ Could be discerned in the comparative study of Public Administration.” Discuss.

e) “In Public Policy Marking, ‘Rationalism’ is the opposite of ‘incrementalism’.”


 Q.6)  a) “Fred Riggs continuously changed his theory in order to create the perfect model.” Comment.

b) “The idea of development stands like a ruin in the intellectual landscape’ and “It is time to dismantle this mental structure”. (Wolfgang Sachs) In the light of the statement, Critically examine the anti-development thesis.

c) “Information Technology brings efficiency and transparency to Public Administration.” Examine the statement with suitable examples.


Q.7) a) “Fiscal policy and monetary policy are the two tools used by the state to achieve its macroeconomic objectives.” Examine the statement and point out the differences between the tools.

b) “A central reason for utilization of Performance Appraisal is performance improvement of the employees.” In the light of the statement, analyze the needs of Performance Appraisal in an organization.

c) “The problem is to achieve the right balance between a competitive market economy and an effective state: Markets where possible, the state where necessary.” Justify your answer.


Q.8) a) “The key to understanding performance-based budgeting lies beneath the word ‘result’ ”. In the light of the statement, examine the elements of performance-based budgeting.

b) “Disciplinary action may be informal and formal.” Explain and point out the provisions made in the Constitution or Statute to check the misuse of power to take disciplinary action.

c) “The term ‘work study’ may be used in narrower and wider senses.” Elucidate.


Free : Public Administration Classes for Mains 2016 by Flavido Classes

Dear Friends,

We are pleased to bring you a series of 10 FREE lectures on Public Administration by M K Mohanty in association with


These lectures will tentatively start from October 25,  from 5PM and will have 10 lectures in the lecture series. They will cover topics such as :-

  • British and French Philosophy of Public Administration
  • Administrative Approaches, Post Positivism, Post Institutional-ism, Post Modernism
  • Organisational Culture & its impact on Organisation Efficiency
  • Social Capital and Development
  • Administrative Thinkers
  • Public Administration – Emerging Crisis & New Directions

These classes are widely sought after and take place every year in New Delhi. They have also been recommended by old ForumIAS members and moderators.

We hope that you benefit from these classes, especially when Public Administration has seen several questions from sections that have not been conventionally covered in the syllabus.

While we cannot authenticate this, since UPSC does not have anything official on the same, but some students of Public Administration call this the new syllabus of Public Administration and the class notes of these classes are sold in Rajinder Nagar every year.

How to register for the FREE course?

  1. Visit this link and click on Take this course on the right hand side.
  2.  You will be taken to the product page and you will have to click on Add to Cart
  3.  After adding to cart, you will be taken to billing page. Enter your details and the Course will be added to your cart.
  4. You do not have to pay anything on the checkout page.
  5. You will become student of this course and when the lecture is uploaded on 25th October at 5 PM you will get an email notification.
  6. Please note that this is being brought to by association with and the course will be available for ten days only.
  7. If you miss any of the classes, you will be able to watch the recorded lectures later at your convenience.

In case you have any query, please


New Governance Program Pragati – Proactive Governance and Timely Implementation.

What is it ?

New governance Reform initiative  Pragati –  Proactive Governance and Timely Implementation. It is touted to be a credible mechanism for redressal of public grievances.

Features of the program

– Three major objectives of the program

  • grievance redressal
  • project implementation
  • project monitoring

For this an IT  based redressal and monitoring system has been designed i.e the Pragati IT platform .

– It will be a monthly conference call with state chief secretaries and secretaries of the Union government for the speedy redressal of grievances and monitoring and implementation of projects. The Pragati sessions will take place every fourth Wednesday.

– It is to see that programmes and projects launched by the central and state governments are monitored properly for timely implementation and desired outcome. For holistic development of the country, it is necessary to facilitate from central government level the projects of the states.

How will it work ?

– Programme will be tied together by technology, with information on projects being available at a click.

– Every month, 7 days prior to the meeting, the issues to be tackled will be uploaded into the system. Hence, secretaries and state chief secretaries will be able to view them in advance. They will be able to add their comments and updates on the issues flagged in the system before itself. The PMO’s team will then review all the comments and updates a day before the meetings.

– The design is that when the PM reviews the issue he should have on his screen the issue as well as the latest updates regarding the same. During the interaction, PM will discuss and understand the problem areas and will give suitable directions. These directions will remain in the system for further follow-up and review till finality of the matter.


The initiative could give rise to concerns about the Centre- State framework. The system may be seen as bypassing the chief ministers. The move has been criticized for not respecting the federal structure of the country.

However, the Pragati programme will attempt to find solutions for issues picked up from the available data base regarding public grievances, on-going programmes and pending projects. This new system of governance will definitely give a boost to government projects that have been publicized due to their delays. The need of the hour is speedy implementation and completion of government projects.