Mains Marathon

Mains Marathon – UPSC Mains Current Affairs Questions – December 12


Read the following questions and answer them by clicking on the links in not more than 200 words

Time: 40 Minutes

1.What do you mean by biodiversity? India exhibits a rich variety of ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, deserts, wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs. Discuss.

आप जैव विविधता से क्या समझते है? भारत में इस तरह के जंगलों, घास के मैदान, रेगिस्तान, झीलों, मैंग्रोव और प्रवाल भित्तियों के रूप में पारिस्थितिकी प्रणालियों की विविधता को दर्शाती है। चर्चा करें।

The Hindu | Link

2.“Gas is 50 per cent cleaner than coal on carbon emissions, significantly cleaner on sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides, and has virtually non-existent PM 2.5 emissions, which is the big issue with respect to air quality.” Discuss.

“गैस 50 प्रतिशत कार्बन उत्सर्जन से कोयले की तुलना में सॉफ है। काफी सॉफ सल्फर आक्साइड और नाइट्रोजन आक्साइड में लगभग न के बराबर PM 2.5 उत्सर्जन है, जो हवा की गुणवत्ता के संबंध में बड़ा मुद्दा है।” चर्चा करें।

The Hindu

3.“Major Defense Partner” is based on the concept of the US treating India as its closest ally and partner for the purpose of technology transfer. Examine this statement.

“प्रमुख रक्षा साथी” अमेरिका की अवधारणा भारत के करीबी सहयोगी और प्रौद्योगिकी हस्तांतरण के प्रयोजन के भागेदारी पर आधारित है। इस बयान की जांच करें।

Indian Express

4.Analyse the various causes of urban floods in India.

भारत में शहरी बाढ़ के विभिन्न कारणों का विश्लेषण करें।



Mains Marathon

Essay Test – December 10

Instructions:  Write an essay on any one of the following .
Time : 90 minutes

Marks : 125

1.25 Years of Economic Reforms : Challenges and Opportunities

25 आर्थिक सुधारों का वर्ष: चुनौतियां और अवसर

2.The dreams that don’t let India sleep

वे सपने जो भारत को सोने न दें








Question 1

The number of deaths among the army personnel is 8 in 1000, but among the civilian population, it is 20 per 1000. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from this statement?

(A) It is better to join the army if you want to live long.

(B) The relationship is fortuitous.

(C) Quality of Life Index is very high within the armed forces.

(D) The groups cannot be compared due to their heterogenity.

Question 2

Buses are the cause of more accidents than cars, and trucks cause fewer accidents than buses. Which of the following inferences is most likely to be drawn from this statement?

(A) There are more buses on the road than trucks.

(B) Car drivers are more careful than bus drivers.

(C) Trucks cause fewer accidents than cars.

(D) Truck drivers are the most skilled.

Question 3

Examine the following statements:

1. Either A and B are of the same age, or A is older than B.
2. Either C and D are of the same age, or D is older than C.
3. B is older than C.

Which of the following statements can be a valid conclusion from the above statements?

(A) A is older than B.

(B) A is the eldest.

(C) D is older than C.

(D) None of these.

Question 4

Examine the following statements:

1. Only people with binoculars can become members of the birdwatchers’ club.
2. Some members of the birdwatchers club have cameras.
3. Those people who have cameras take part in photo contests.

Which of the following statements can be a valid conclusion from the above statements?

(A) All those who participate in photo contests are members of the birdwatchers’ club.

(B) All people who have a camera also have a pair of binoculars.

(C) Binoculars are needed to participate in bird viewing contests.

(D) None of these.

Question 5

Examine the following statements:

1. Last summer vacation, Pulkit went to a summer camp where he took part in hiking, swimming and boating.
2. This summer, he is looking forward to a music camp where he hopes to sing, dance and play the guitar.

Which of the following statements can be a valid conclusion from the above statements?

(A) Pulkit’s parents want him to learn the guitar.

(B) Pulkit prefers music to sports.

(C) Pulkit likes to do some activity every summer.

(D) Pulkit like to sing and dance.


1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (C) 5. (D)