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Download : UPSC Mains 2016 Public Administration Optional Paper – 2


Download the Public Administration Optional Paper -2 Question Paper from the link below:


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SECTION A

 

Q.1)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words  each:

a) “The Regulating Act of 1773 not only introduced value in administration but also laid the foundation on centralized administration in India.” Explain.

b) Do you think that some of the ideals enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution remain only on paper even today? Critically evaluate.

c) Examine the efficacy of the measures taken to redefine and execute cooperative federalism in India.

d)Evaluate the performance and efficacy of the Maharatna, navratna and Miniratna type of Public Sector Undertakings in the context of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG).

e) “The growing prominence of NGOs in development areas is strongly related to the declining legitimacy of the State.” Explain.


Q.2) “In contemporary times, Kautilya’s Arthashstra is relevant more in the field of international relations than in economic affairs.” Analyse the statement.

b) “Dominant centralized administration is correlated with decisive and authoritative leadership provided by the Prime Minister’s office.”

c) “A significant legacy of the Mughal rule in India is a well-organized revenue administration at the State and District Levels.” Comment.


Q.3) a) What factors have led to the expansion of the role of the Ministry of Home Affairs? How can it coordinate its affairs more effectively with the Ministry of Defence?

b) “Introduction of G.S.T. (Goods and Services Tax) no doubt has economic benefits, but tends to compromise the States’ ” IN this context, comment on the changing nature of Union-State financial relations.

c) “Planning in India has failed to meet the challenges of economic development and social change.” Discuss the statement in the context of the emergence of NITI Aayog.


Q.4) a) “The absence of congruence of views on appointments to judiciary between the Supreme Court and the Union Government has had an adverse impact on the judicial system.” In the light of  the above statement, examine the proposal to constitute an All India Judicial Service. (AIJS).

b) “The separation between regulatory and development functions in many development administration.” Critically examine the need to relook at this policy.

c) “Legislatures have become a place for infighting rather than for proper policy making.” Comment in the context of the working of State Governments.


SECTION B

 

Q.5)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Autonomy granted to higher civil servants tends to increase their creativity and productivity.” Argue the case to make the civil service more accountable as well as innovative.

b) Justify the budgetary support to nationalized banks to overcome the crisis resulting out of Non-Performing Asserts (NPA).

c) “National Green Tribunal is viewed by many critics as a hindrance to economic development” Evaluate the statement and give arguments in support of the your answer.

d) Is training of police in India still a reflection of the colonial mindset? Give reasons for your answer.

e) “The concept of ‘New localism’ is related to the emerging nature of the relationship between the State governments and local government bodies.” Explain.


Q.6) a) “The goals of good governance will remain utopian if local governments responsible for providing all basic services directly to the citizens, are not empowered as mandated by the 73rd and 74th  constitutional Amendment Acts.” Critically evaluate the status of empowerment of the local bodies

b) Explain how the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.

c) What merits do you foresee in the proposed merger of the Railway Budget with the General Budget?


Q.7) “The Right to Information Act is a path-breaking legislation which signals the march from darkness of secrecy to dawn of transparency.”

a) What hurdles do the citizens face in obtaining information from the government? Explain how the reluctance of the government to part with information under RTI can be addressed.

b) “The objectives of fiscal devolution to local bodies as mandated by the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts has been derailed by the actual working of the State Finance Commissions. ” Comment.

c) “The initiative of the Income Tax Department on disclosure of black money has had a mixed response.” Give suggestions for tackling this complex problem.


Q.8)  a) Do you agree that Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations do not reflect and correlate the need for civil service reforms and accountability with pay increase? Justify your answer.

b) “In a democratic polity, any conception of ethics and integrity in public life must encompass not only politicians and civil servants but also citizens.” Discuss.

c) “Police reforms in India have remained a contentious issue.” Critically analyse.


 

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Download : UPSC Mains 2016 General Studies Ethics Paper – 4

Finally, the UPSC General Studies Papers are over!

UPSC has conducted General Studies Ethics Paper – 4 of Civil Services Mains (CSE) Examination in the second-half of 6th December 2016.


CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD the Ethics GS – 4 Question Paper

 


UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM 2016: General Studies Paper – 4 (Ethics) Question Paper


Section A

Q.1) a) Explain how ethics contributes to social and human well-being. (150 words) 10

b) Why should impartiality and non-pertisanship be considered as foundational values in public services, especially in the present day socio-political context? Illustrate your answer with examples. (150 words) 10


 

Q.2) a) What do you understand by the terms ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘ethical governance’? (150 words) 10

b) Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of seven sins. (150 words)


 

Q.3) a) Analyse John rawls’s concept of social justice in the Indian Context. (150 word)

b) Discuss the Public Services Code as recommended by the 2nd Administrative Refroms Commission. (150 words) 10


Q.4) a) “Corruption causes misuse of government treasury, administrative inefficiency and obstruction in the path of national development.” Discuss Kautilya’s views.. (150 words).

b) How could social influence and persuasion contribute to the success of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan? (150 word).


Q.5) Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilized social existence.

a) Discuss how they achieve this objective.

b) Giving examples, show how the two differ in their approaches. (150 words)


 

Q.6) Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and the social surroundings in which we grow  up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and egalitarian society.

a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in Today’s educated Indians.

b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values considered necessary in public services be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants? (150 words)


 

Q.7) Anger is a harmful negative emotion. It is injurious to both personal life and work life.

a) Discuss how it leads to negative emotions and undesirable behaviors.

b) How can hit be managed and controlled?


Q.8) “Max Webar said that it is not wise to apply to public administration the sort of moral and ethical norms we apply to matters of personal conscience. It is important to realize that the state bureaucracy might possess its own independent bureaucratic morality.” Critically analyse this statement. (150 words)


 

Q.9) A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after  a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They  advise her tokeep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed.  She cannot risk losingher job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first,  she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it.  At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her frinds is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.

a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?

b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words)


Q.10) Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These  people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant laborers. Moreover, their development go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical.

Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would  you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words)

 

 

Q.11) Suppose you are an officer in-charge of implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and destitute women. An old and  illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the scheme. However, she has no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility criteria. But  after meeting her and listening to her you feel that she certainly needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living in a pitiable condition.  You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her under the scheme without necessary documents  would clearly be violation of rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.

a) Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?

b) Give your reasons for it.


Q.12) You are a young, aspiring and sincere employee in a Government office working as an assistant to the director of your department. Since you have joined recently, you need to lean and  progress. Luckily your superior is very kind and ready to train you for your job. He is a very intelligent and well-informed person having knowledge of various departments. In short, you respect your boss and are looking forward to lean a lot from him.

Since you have good tuning with the boss, he started depending on you. One day due to ill health he invited you at his place for finishing some urgent work.

You reached his house and before you could ring the bell you heard shouting noises.  You waited for a while. After entering the house the boss greeted you and explained the work. But you were constantly disturbed by the crying of a woman.  At last, you inquired with the boss but his answer did not satisfy you.

Next day, you were compelled to inquire further in the office and found out that his behavior is very bad at home with his wife. He also beats up bit wife. His wife is not well educated and is a simple woman in comparison to her husband. you see that though your boss is a nice person in the office, he is engaged in domestic violence at home.

In such a situation, you are left with the following options. Analyse each option with its consequences.

a) just ignore thinking about it because it is their personal matter.

b) Repost the case to the appropriate authority.

c) Your own innovative approach towards situation.(250 marks)

Q.13) ABC Ltd. Is a large transnational company having diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base. The company is continuously expanding the generating employment. The company, in its expansion and diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an area which is underdeveloped. The new plant is designed to use energy efficient  technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%.  The company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment to develop such underdeveloped regions. The government has also announced tax holiday for five years for the companies that invest in underdeveloped areas. However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region, which is otherwise tranquil. The new plant may  result in increased cost of living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing  the social and economic order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of Vikaspuri region and public in general that how its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the likely difficulties of the residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests begin  and some of the residents decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the Government did not yield any result.

a) Identify the issues involved in the case

b) What can be suggested to satisfy the company’s goal and to address the residents’ concern?


Q.14)  Saraswati was a successful IT professional in USA.  Moved by the patriotic sense of doing something for the country she returned to India. Together with some other like-minded  friends, she formed an NGO to build a school for a poor rural community.

The objective of the school was to provide the best quality modern education at  a nominal cost. She soon discovered that she has to seek permission from a number of Government agencies. The rules and procedures were quite confusing and cumbersome. What frustrated her most was delays, callous  attitude of officials and constant demand for bribes. Her experience and the experience of many others like her has deterred people from taking up social service projects.

A measure of Government control over voluntary social work is necessary. But it should not be exercised in a  coercive a corrupt manner. What measures can you suggest to ensure that due control is exercised but well meaning, honest NGO efforts are not thwarted? (300 words).

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Download : UPSC Mains 2016 General Studies Paper -3

 


Download Paper -3 (2016) PDF


Answer All the following questions. Each Question is to be answered in not more than 200 words. Each question carries equal marks.


Q.1) How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country? 12 ½

Q.2)  Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?

Q.3) Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional fiancé fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poorer section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion. 12 ½

Q.4) What are ‘Smart Cities’? examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for ‘Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission.

Q.5)Justify the need for FDI for the developments of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MOUs signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India. 12 ½

Q.6) Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include careless and useless manpower in the Indian context. Suggest measures to be taken for facing these challenges. 12 ½

Q.7)What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency. 12 ½

Q.8) What is allelopathy? Discuss its role in major cropping systems of irrigated agriculture. 12 ½

Q.9) Discuss the role of land reforms in agricultural development. Identify the factors that were responsible for the success of land reforms in India. 12 ½

Q.10) Give the vulnerability of inidan agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). 12 ½

Q.11) Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. Discuss in brief the importance of National Programmme on Light Emitting diodes (LEDs). 12 ½

Q.12) Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development? 12 ½

Q.13) Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of India Government’s Mission on Nan science and Technology and the scope of its application in the development process of the country. 12 ½

Q.14) Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Discuss the measures suggested fro mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects 12 ½

Q.15) The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. 12 ½

Q.16) With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures to be adopted to mitigate the impact of the recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttrakhand. 12 ½

Q.17) The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions. 12 ½

Q.18) “Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyze the above statement. 12 ½

Q.19) Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management. 12 ½

Q.20) Use of internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major security concern. How have these been misused in the recent past? Suggest Effective guidelines to curb the above threat. 12 ½

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Download : UPSC Mains 2016 General Studies Paper-2


Download the Question Paper GS- 2


Q.1) Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?

Q.2) To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.

Q.3) “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.

Q.4) Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.

Q.5) Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the present circumstances?

Q.6) What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?

Q.7) Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss.

Q.8) What is quasi judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.

Q.9) Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?

Q.10) “In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically examine this statement.

Q.11) “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent/” Discuss their relationship in the context of India.

Q.12) In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.

Q.13) Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?

Q.14) “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India.” Comment.

Q.15) Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.

Q.16) “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?

Q.17) “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seem doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.

Q.18) Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post Cold War international scenario.

Q.19) “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples.

Q.20) What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these?

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Download UPSC Mains 2016 Essay Question Paper


Dear Aspirants,

Click Here for UPSC Mains 2016 Question Papers : General Studies

So the big day has arisen. The UPSC Mains 2016 Essay Paper just got over. The Essay Paper of UPSC Mains 2016 is of 250 marks and candidates had to write two essays. Interestingly, unlike the essay paper of Mains last year, the essay paper of Mains this year in 2016 did not have philosophical topics. Rather the essay topics asked this year were more from current affairs.


Instructions: Write two essays, choosing one from each of the following Section A & B, in about 1000-1200 words.

Total Marks : 250

Section A

1. If development is not engendered, it is endangered.

2. Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed

3. Water disputes between states in federal India

4. Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare


Section B

1. Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality

2. Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run

3. Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms

4. Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality



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