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What are Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or e-cigarettes? Do you think that unregulated sale of e-cigarettes in India is dangerous? Why?


What are Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or e-cigarettes? Do you think that unregulated sale of e-cigarettes in India is dangerous? Why? (GS 3)

इलेक्ट्रॉनिक निकोटीन वितरण प्रणाली या ई-सिगरेट क्या है? क्या आपको लगता है कि भारत में ई-सिगरेट की अनियमित बिक्री होना खतरनाक है? क्यूं?


 

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  • Poojan
  • Juhi Upadhyay
  • Ayesha

    How to upload answers, could not find any tab to attach the file

  • Ayesha

    Please review

  • Siya Rasik

    🙂 Thanks for being so much helpful. I will try to improve 🙂 You have always encouraged everyone and that makes you a special friend on the platform 🙂

  • saurabh

    Thanks…I’d like to trust you on that!!

  • ap

    THanks for the review. Yes intro is more into technical words. Thanks for suggestions too.

  • DEVI

    Thanks for the review Cotton Mouth..:)

  • devmitra sen

    Anytime:)
    waiting for the perfect read 🙂

  • Ajay Rathod

    Thanks for Review !! i will mark your words.

  • ROCKSTAR

    kkkkkkkkkk…..GOT…

  • devmitra sen

    Hi Ajay..you have mentioned the content..buy I suggst you to read through a few answers here..and develop a better way of expressing and bring upon more structure..then we may criticise it /complement it fully ..This read has an appreciative framework and demands headings/sub headings/mild elaboration..that way..write more..read more and more..you will turn better slowly and certainly 🙂

  • devmitra sen

    Hi 🙂
    I suggest intro can be short and simple to bring the issue on table..You may have a look @siyarasik:disqus ‘s intro here..cntent decent..2nd point do elaborate on how it promotes by mentioning of unchecked/unregulated easy access..way forward very encouraging..surroggate advertisement is a wonderful key word..some subheadings/headings will add to better structure..Keep up the spirit..Minimise the small lil flaws here and there and make it perfect whenever you write 🙂

  • devmitra sen

    Hi Siya 🙂
    Intro..perfect..
    In content you have given a subheading for 1st point but not intheothers..uniformity of structure is a component of perfection as well!..
    5th point..I suggest you rephrasing to bring the intended to surface..like..instead of”makes it more trendy “..you may write ..improves or enhances easy availability and increased access thus making it a viable option !..Tht way..Conclusion ..decent :)Good Siya..Keep up the spirit of hard work! 🙂

  • Nishtha Dubey

    review mine sir

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Thanks @Cotton Mouth

  • Cotton Mouth

    Could have added about the ambiguity in state policies too. Good answer overall. KWAR!

  • Raashi

    Behen will be better 😛
    Reviewed one ans.. don’t have much knowledge for another, so cannot review

  • Cotton Mouth

    Good points. Well organized too.

  • Cotton Mouth

    Thank you.

  • Cotton Mouth

    Thank you. Point noted.

  • Cotton Mouth

    Thank you.

  • Cotton Mouth

    Good attempt. You could have talked about the policies adopted by various states too. Overall its a good answer. +1

  • Cotton Mouth

    Good answer. I liked the way you categorized your points under apt subheadings. KWAR!

  • ROCKSTAR

    mam plzzzzzzzzzzzzz review mah que 2 and 3

  • ROCKSTAR

    bhaii….reviewwww mah question 2 and 3…

  • ForumIAS

    Realism is just as important, you know. 😛
    Strive to give your best, but shun all expectations. [To paraphrase Bhagvad Gita 🙂 ]

  • Siya Rasik

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or e-cigarettes are the hand held electronic device that vaporizes the flavored liquid usually Nicotine. While they are usually practiced as a method to quit smoking but they negative health impacts and unregulated market posses the following threat:

    (i) Lack of regulation and Laws: As, they do not contain tobacco so they does not come under cigarettes and other tobacco products prohibition Act (COTPA) 2013. Thus the lack of proper regulation and laws does not guarantee that it will go to safe hand.

    (ii) Manufacture and Distributor uses this opportunity to stay away from giving warning and possible side effects of Nicotine.

    (iii) WHO global report shows already a declining trend in the number of smokers thus taking them to the path of other habit (though less injurious) is a bad deal.

    (iv) According to Global adult tobacco survey, health warning images and message on the regular cigarette packet has lead to reduction in smokers so it becomes imperative to follow the same for ENDS as it has also has potential health impact like chest pain.

    (v) Unregulated market for e-cigarettes makes it more trendy and viable option for youth and they opt for this.

    Thus, government need to made it mandatory to not list as therapeutic products or without proper warning messages in the front ( not in small letters ) so that people should be aware about its negative health impacts and also it does not become the viable option for person who want to quit smoking.

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Apsara pencil ka 1 marks extra ?

  • Agent ColourBlind

    One day I will write that perfect answer in which upsc will give all 12.5 ?

  • swapna

    thankyou for the feedback..

  • swapna

    thankyou for the feedback

  • ForumIAS

    Yes.

  • ForumIAS

    Yes, beautiful handwriting!

  • Dharmachakra

    Sure..
    Thank u Devi..

  • Sagan S

    Agree…!
    I ll take care of it.

    Thanks

  • Sagan S

    Yes, I understand.
    was just kidding…

  • Jyoti Singh

    Welcome Always…..!!!

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Thanks Jyoti

  • Goms

    Nice points .well written .keep writing

  • DEVI

    Well written..:)..Points could be further simplified..:)..Take care of the word limit..:)..Keep Writing!!

  • Goms

    Awesome

  • Goms

    Thanks frontrunner .

  • DEVI

    Thank u Dharmachakra..:)..Sure..I ll check..:)

  • bunny

    okay…. yes it delivers it in vapourise form…

  • Jyoti Singh

    An Impeccable Answer.I have learnt a lot from this one.Keep Writing…..!!!

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer. Keep writing 🙂

  • Curry Boy.
  • Dharmachakra

    Well written man.
    Nice work.
    Keep writing.
    Check mine.

  • Dharmachakra

    Good content.
    Keep writing.
    Check mine.

  • Dharmachakra

    Overall it is good. Could have written some health effects with examples. Proper structure is needed.
    Last 2 points cloud have written as conclusion.
    Keep writing.
    Check mine.

  • ForumIAS

    You need to state things, not explain them in detail.
    Explaining a point depends more on the nature of the question, and there is no set rule for how much to explain. Time management and space issues also play a role in how much one can write in the exam hall.

  • ForumIAS

    Haha, we try to review as many as possible.
    Rest assured, we have seen your answers before as well.
    Keep writing!

  • Sagan S

    If we include so many diverse and out of box points, we will have less words to explain the point. Is it OK?
    Isn’t proper explanation of points that much essential?

  • Dharmachakra

    Thank u 🙂

  • Dharmachakra

    Loude n clear…:) I’ll take ur suggestion.

  • ap

    An e-cigarettes or electronic cigarettes are based on ENDS technology which is different in form and feature than convention cigarettes. Electronic cigarettes give smokers nicotine without the chemicals associated with burning tobacco. All ENDS product including e-cigarretes heats a solution to create an aerosol which contains flavourants dissolved in Propylene glycol or glycerine. Unregulated sales of e-cigarettes in India is dangerous, because:
    a) e-cigarettes has created a false impression that these devices are not as harmful as regular cigarettes. According to WHO , it have similar adverse effect on health as of conventional cigarettes.
    b) It promotes smoking, younger age people are most prone to attract to it .
    c) E-cigarrets are easily available through online sales and it contains no health advisory and no statutory warnings.
    d) It don’t comes under tax net so evading Government norms under tobacco sales and causing impact on governments revenue
    Way forward:
    Cigarettes and other tobacco products ,2003 Act(COTPA) should be amended to include e-cigarettes into its ambit .It is needed control its sells from online portal and make compulsory for seller to mark similar advisory on its packet as it contains in conventional cigarettes packet. Promotion of tobacco product through surrogate advertisement, including depiction in films, should be checked.

  • Dharmachakra

    Could have added more points. Otherwise good.

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    1. Nice answer
    2. Conclusion was very good
    3. point 3 needs a serious thought it is not upto the mark check It again.
    Rest the answer has met the demand of the question
    Keep Writing and Reviewing

  • Dharmachakra

    Could have mention some social impact also.
    Keep writing.

  • Sagan S

    Thank you for your review and suggestions..!

  • Dharmachakra

    Too much into..man

  • Sagan S

    MY GOD…!
    ForumIAS reviewed my answer….!!
    🙂
    Yes, I do agree.. I ll surely check it out.

    Btw, most often, I do write answer, not type them..

    Moreover, I ll be back tomorrow with written answers…:p

    Thanks a lot

  • Dharmachakra

    Nicely written.
    Keep writing..
    Check mine.

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Yeah I have written one
    Thanks yaar

  • Try one more time!

    Thanks ForumIas, I am working on that

  • Dharmachakra
  • Ajay Rathod

    Ans-E-cigarette is handheld electronic device that vaporises the liquid in it and the user inhales the liquid which could contain nicotine,propylyne,glycerine.

    Harmful effect –
    Since its introduction in 2004 e-cigarettes has been sold without any regulations in the world.

    1.E-cigarette introduced as it helps to quit smoking but instead it is three times more harmful than normal tobacco contained cigarettes
    2. E-cigarettes have not been fully studied, so consumers currently don’t know: the potential risks of e-cigarettes when used as intended, 3.how much nicotine or other potentially harmful chemicals are being inhaled during use, or whether there are any benefits associated with using these products.
    4.To increase its sale some websites hiding its details and warning signs .
    5.It can increase the pollutions as its a type of aerosole which release vapors.
    6.It may lead to nicotine addiction
    7.Recent news of explosion of e-cigarettes may lead to fatal injuries

    Way forward
    Ban or restricting its access can reduce its effects
    goverments has to draw new policies to control the sales

  • BABA90

    Thank u sir fr the review….will incorporate ur suggestions

  • Jyoti Singh

    Did you write an answer of this one??? You have reviewed everyone’s answer . I never got your answer. But you are doing good job writing with pen and paper will actually help in mains writing…..!!!

  • unmistakable
  • ForumIAS

    Hello,
    Good first attempt.
    Covered many points.
    For now, just focus on gathering content and writing as many points as possible, priority wise (more important points first).
    Maintain this structure, it’ll start improving soon.
    Keep writing!

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    That happens…….
    Review mine if time permits

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer, but more points remain to be written, in both sub-parts.
    Check out the review on ColourBlind’s answer above, and read the suggested answer tomorrow.
    Keep writing!

    P.S: Do write with a pen and paper. That will actually help you. Typing will simply cause carpal tunnel syndrome. 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Hi,
    Structure is very good.
    But you need to write more number of cogent points. Your points number 2, 3 and 4 are almost similar, citing lack of regulatory oversight. They could’ve been clubbed.
    Think holistically, from all dimensions.
    Non-smokers getting addicted, chances of death on accidental ingestion of liquid, chances of explosion of the device, and many other points should be written.
    Keep writing!

  • Jyoti Singh

    Thanks for reviewing buddy…..!!

  • ForumIAS

    Hi,
    Points 1 and 2 are similar, and wrong.
    E-cigs are indeed less harmful than traditional ones. It’s just that they are marketed as “harmless”, which they are not. Words matter, @disqus_EQVJIg1G25:disqus .
    In way forward also, you could’ve mentioned some innovative solutions.
    No need to mention such an elaborate point 2.

    Keep writing!

  • Aki333

    Nice answer bhai…Keep writing

  • Aki333

    Nice one .Keep writing keep reviewing..

  • Aki333

    Well framed and written bro..

  • ForumIAS

    This is a very good answer, especially if it was written in a time-bound manner (within 7.5-8 minutes). Covered a lot of niche points such as inhaling non-nicotine substances and other drugs.
    Just keep in mind that one has to be as specific as possible. For example, writing “presence of free radicals and carcinogens such as nitrosamines in e-cigarettes can lead to health hazards, and does not constitute much improvement over traditional cigarettes” would’ve been far better than just “potential health hazards to smokers”.
    At the same time, the answer should not be too technical, since it is a “general studies” paper.
    Keep writing!

  • Aki333

    Nice answer buddy.ur first attempt is really good.keep writing

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer, points are there.
    But the arguments need to be framed better, sentence formation needs to be better.
    Also, you should elaborate a little on what e-cigarettes are, parts, types etc.
    Keep writing!

  • Jyoti Singh

    You put in a considerable effort in an answer. Had you been written Regulation part point wise it would have added extra weightage to your answer……!!!

  • Aki333

    Thankyou forum IAS I will try my best on ur comments..

  • ForumIAS

    Points are there, but better structure is needed. Also, more elaboration on what e-cigarettes are.
    Use subheadings and proper sentence structure as well.
    Keep writing!

  • Jyoti Singh

    I am sorry sagan but now I have rectified my mistake…..!!!

  • ForumIAS

    Good first attempt, certainly!
    Just try to do justice to both subparts. So elaborate a bit on what are e-cigarettes as well. A diagram can also be drawn in the exam; it would boost your marks.
    And do improve your sentence formation and write better conlusions, using a heading of “Way forward” if possible.
    Keep writing!

  • Sagan S

    First of all.. it is Sagan, not Sagar…!..
    And plz review mine answer as well

    Thanks

  • ROCKSTAR

    hey check mah answer and tell do i improve or not????????????

  • ROCKSTAR

    check mammmmm…..

  • DEVI

    Well-written..:)..Could u review mine??

  • DEVI
  • Saurabh Raghuvanshi

    bhai ,sab baat alag hai par your writing is beautiful.

  • Aki333

    E-cigarette is battery powered vaporizer contain nicotine liquid in it.it is technically developed cigratte which contain nicotine, vegetable glycerine, propylene glycol and flavouring agents.
    E-cigarette does not contain tobacco so it is not under the ambit of COTPA(cigratte and other tobacco products act)2003 mandate health warnings on packets and advertisement of tobacco products.
    The unregulated sale of e-cigarette in India is dengerous because

    1.some research has confirmed that it contains free radical chemicals.It can damage DNA and molecule in cell resulting in cell death.

    2.As per the WHO GLOBAL REPORT,2015 the number of smoker is on the decline in India so sale of e-cigarette can hamper this achievement.

    3. E-cigarette is also available in many flavour.so It’s candy like flavour will attract children for smoking.

    4.It is projected as “TOBACCO CESSATION” by various seller and Tobacco giants but lack of evidence in support of this claim make it a serious public health threat.

    So currwnt unregulated sell of e-cigarette is dengerous for our country.it is imperative that their sale should be accompanied by health warnings.And government should also impose reasonable restrictions on their sell and incorporate some research and study related to their benefits and risks..
    (First answer on this platform plzz review critically .new in answer writing)

  • Try one more time!

    Missed justification for the second part of question regarding regulation, why regulation is required…..all five points against ENDS are related to health issues which can be clubbed in 1-2 statements. Rest is fine, please review mine 🙂

  • Try one more time!

    Nice, covered all major part of question…..proper justification provided to question, please review mine 🙂

  • Try one more time!

    Please review:

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) is non-tobacco nicotine products which is popularly gaining substitute market space for tobacco products. This e-cigarettes are been considered as safe as compared to tobacco since contains only nicotine

    However, there is no evidence to show that they are safer as well as non-addictive and good substitute to replace cigarettes

    * ENDS are not covered under COTPA act since they do not contains tobacco which is hindrance to its regulation at national level and only few states have rules regarding their sales which also differ from state to state.

    * Advertisements of ENDS products lacks uniformity as well as statutory warnings. Only few of the website shows that ENDS products can be dangerous but that too in very inaccessible manner

    * Accidental consumption of ENDS liquid is fatal which only few websites warns

    * There is absence of any concrete evidence which shows that e-cigarettes can be good substitute to tobacco products and consumer can quit smoking eventually

    * According to WHO sales of cigarettes are in decline in India due to larger pictorial warnings on packet but sales of ENDS products can reverse it

    Amendment of COTPA Act to includes ENDS is necessary for the regulation of these products which if left unregulated can be a bigger risk in coming years both for govt as well as citizens. Regulation and proper rules and regulation on advertisement of ENDS products is must.

  • Jacks..pirate
  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    1. Health Impact of Nicotine is known.
    Very nice and Crisp liked the answer not much to add to It
    For this answer trust me you will be handsomely rewarded in the exam.
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • Jyoti Singh

    Thanks for the read and reviewing Sagar…..!!!

  • swapna

    🙂

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Hey thanks Saurabh
    After your review I read my answer and felt a bit off track in this question. Thanks for pointing it out.
    Thanks for reviewing

  • Insider
  • saurabh

    A very good coverage. I’ve to learn to write smaller sentences!!..;)
    A bit language restructuring could be better, basically, Q. is about possibilities due to unregulation. You might want to mention that since Nicotine amount could vary due to lack of regulation, it could cause all these problems. Content in itself is good but could emphasize the moot point that all these COULD be cause due to lack of regulation
    kwar!!

  • raj_upsc
  • Sagan S

    Hi 🙂

    Nice Answer

  • BABA90
  • saurabh

    ENDS is an equipment that produces aerosolized mixture containing flavoured liquid & nicotine. This is touted as a “smoke-free way to smoke” & hence healthier than conventional smoking.
    However, being unregulated, it could pose danger mainly because of unknown health impacts & a perception of it being harmless –

    1. No standard set as to what all chemicals it may contain. Health impacts of all those vapours not known
    2. No regulation of the amount of Nicotine it may contain. Hence while saving users from smoke, it might continue to harm them as far as nicotine is concerned
    3. Health warnings aren’t required to be present on the webpage selling them or on their packages. This could mean that people are unaware of even Nicotine being present
    4. Nicotine addiction caused due to these could escalate into conventional smoking
    5. The variety of flavours it comes in could attract people esp. children & Youth thus posing a risk of addiction from early on
    6. The general “healthy” image in absence of warnings or tests etc. could lead users deeper into unknown terrain

    The govt. must conduct detailed studies of health impacts of ENDS, prescribe standards based on them & enforce regulations to avoid a new public health issue.

  • Sagan S

    well written

  • Sagan S

    Great! Enjoyed reading and came to know how to present complicated issues in simple words.
    keep writing

  • swapna
  • varsha singh

    Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; also called e-cigarettes) initially emerged in China in 2003 and have since become widely available globally, particularly over the Internet. ENDS heat and vaporize a solution containing nicotine, and many are designed to resemble traditional tobacco cigarettes.
    Although they do not produce tobacco smoke, but still contain nicotine and other potentially harmful chemicals.
    Dangers associated with unregulated sale of e-cigarettes:-
    1.In India smoking devices are easily available through online shopping portals and with little information out in the public domain about the ill-effects of e-cigarettes there is a misconception that it is less harmful than traditional cigarettes.
    2.Smart marketing and inadequate information on the nicotine content in e-cigarettes has created a false impression that these devices are not as harmful as regular cigarettes. In the absence of a regulation the use of e-cigarettes has grown; they are easily accessible to even the non smokers.
    3.The WHO has also expressed concern over the notion that e-cigarettes aid in kicking the habit; it has cautioned that there is not enough evidence to conclude that e-cigarettes help users quit smoking.
    What needs to be done:-
    1.In the absence of clearer evidence on the effect of e-cigarettes on tobacco cessation, it is imperative that their sale be accompanied by accurate health warnings. This is especially relevant in India, where data in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2009-2010 suggests that tobacco control laws, particularly the pictorial health warnings and advertisements, mandated under COTPA, have been highly effective in increasing awareness of the health risks of tobacco.
    2. Punjab has classified nicotine as poison and maharashtra treats it as unapproved drug which is a right step and every state should take such steps.
    The government should also impose appropriate restrictions on the sale and advertisement, online and otherwise, of e-cigarettes, including proper health warnings, in order to plug the existing regulatory vacuum. This should be done with immediate effect, and simultaneously the government should also commission independent scientific research on the benefits and risks posed by these products in the Indian context.

  • Shal247

    E-Cigarettes are the electronic device used to deliver nicotine to its users. These cigarettes are developed and marketed as an alternative to the conventional tobacco containing cigarettes. Thus, it helps in tackling tobacco addiction for the smokers. However, e-cigarettes them self pose a few health hazard and hence its unregulated use must be dangerous.
    Some of the dangerous it poses to the nation are-

    1. E-Cigarettes offer nicotine in place of tobacco which is an addictive in itself.
    2. The liquid contained in e-cigarettes if consumed accidentally may prove to be fatal.
    3. A number of incidents have been reported globally where the device explodes causing severe injuries.
    4. This device being tobacco free, falls outside the ambit of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act,2003 and hence its sale and purchase remains largely unregulated.
    5. As indicated by WHO global report 2015, number of smokers in India are on a decline and hence promoting a culture of e-cigarettes may revive its demand.

    Therefore the government needs to conduct an objective analysis of the effects of e-cigarettes and place an effective regulatory mechanism on the sale and advertisement of e-cigarettes with an immediate effect.

  • Agent ColourBlind
  • Aniket

    A true multi-pronged approach. 🙂

  • Aniket

    You have effectively addressed the question. 🙂
    But do you think more on the part of the way forward could be added?

  • Sagan S

    Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) or e-cigarette is battery-powered handheld vaporizer that mimics tobacco smoking.It works by heating up a liquid, called e-liquid. This liquid is usually made of nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerine, and flavorings. Some e-liquids do not contain nicotine. This instrument is supposed to enable people to quit smoking.

    In case of India unregulated sale of e-cigarettes is detrimental because

    * There are no clear evidence available suggesting that E-cig helps quitting smoking.
    * Though they are considered safer than traditional tobacco cigarettes, the long-term heath consequences are not known yet.
    * There are better and safer options like nicotine replacement products available that help quitting smoking
    * As far as India is concerned, the number of smokers are already on the decline as per the WHO Global Report,2015. Therefore there is no need to promote these instruments.
    * The regulatory vacuum may be used by different stakeholders in their own interest,by providing false or distorted informations, which may pose a serious threat to public health.

    The matter of the regulation E-cig is of serious concern. It can not be left at the market players’ discretion. The government should make certain guidelines and impose appropriate restrictions on the sale and advertisement of e-cigarettes. Besides, the government should also commission independent scientific research on the benefits and risks posed by these products in the Indian context.

  • Jyoti Singh

    Thanks Frontrunner…..!!!

  • Jyoti Singh

    Thanks Buddy. Otherwise,my yesterday’s answer was huge mess…..!!!

  • Agamya
  • DgOjha
  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Good coverage
    wrote Health risk that is good.
    Conclusion could have been better in tune with question
    Overall Nice work
    Keep writing and Reviewing

  • DevNand

    Good answer.u can cover the adverse health effects of e-cigarettes too.the rest part is well written.
    introduction is also nice.

  • frontrunner

    nice one.u mentioned the advantage of e-cigarettes in one of your point
    rest fine
    kwar

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Nicely written
    Covered all important points
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • frontrunner

    overall good one

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Thanks

  • Indu Rajendran

    🙂 k will do…now only I am improving myself

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Nice answer
    I second @Ashwameda:disqus so take care of points he mentioned
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • frontrunner

    nice one
    can include about cotpa act etc

  • frontrunner

    overall nice attempt
    use cotpa act,etc

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    1. Some Health issues caused due to Nicotine like Neurodegeneration etc can be mentioned.
    other then this your answer has met the demand of the question keep going
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • frontrunner

    the beauty of ur answer is that you approach from many angles.its a learning experience from me
    this one you have written well with minor flaws
    thank you

  • DevNand

    Good answer.you covered all the points.

  • Indu Rajendran

    ok I will..thank you!:)

  • frontrunner

    thank you bro

  • DevNand

    Pls Review.

  • Raashi

    Good points

  • DevNand

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems(ENDS) ,the most common prototype of which are e-cigarettes, are the new age formula for people trying to quit smoking. They present a simultaneous promise and threat in the world of tobacco control. They are projected as “tobacco cessation product “ by various sellers and sell these as therapeutic products for helping to quit smoking. But there is lack of concrete evidence in support of this.
    E-cigarettes contain nicotine and not tobacco so they do not fall within the ambit of the cigarettes and other tobacco products (prohibition of Advertisment and regulation of trade commerce production and distribution )Act 2003.
    As per the WHO reports the rise of sale of e-cigarettes in India is63.8%.
    Harmful Effects.
    1 There are possibility of product exploding and accidental consumption of liquid inside the e-cigarette leads to death.
    2 Unregulated sale of this in a country like India is harmfull as in India the number of smokers is in decline.
    3 It increases the possibility for nicotine addiction
    4 It will perpetuate smoking by making it more attractive.
    The way forward
    1 it is recommended that the Indian Government should impose appropriate restrictions on the sale ,advertisement of e-cigarettes
    2 e-cigarettes should come with proper health warnings.

  • frontrunner

    nice one
    kwar

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    1.Instead of toxic smoke, what e-cigarettes emit is a water vapor that contains propylene glycol (PEG), the same substance used to make theater smoke.
    2. according to WHO some Health issues have been given, that is caused due to Nicotine and other chemicals involved.
    Overall nice answer Good coverage
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • Ashwameda

    Point 1 is disadvantage while 2 and 3 are not!!!
    Conclusion Could have been shortened.
    3rd point under subsection of danger is good.:)

  • Raashi

    Nce answer.. beautiful handwriting.. u can add that Kerala banned sale of e-cigarette

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    1. It contains other chemicals as well :-propylene,glycol and glycerine
    2. Health risks like issue in pregnancy, impact on brain, Tumor promoter etc can be mentioned.
    overall nice answer covered important points.
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • Ashwameda

    Does it contain nicotine in vapourised form??
    1 and 3 almost similar.

    Overall nice answer!!!

  • Ashwameda

    Try to add other dimensions also..
    It’s difficult to remember trivial data so accurately (63.38%) try to round it off!!!

    Your wordings are good!!!

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    The answer is very general.
    Do not completely addresses the demand of the question
    COTPA can be mentioned.
    Health risks needs to be mentioned.
    Though a good attempt it can be made better as there is always scope for improvement.
    Keep writing and Reviewing

  • Ashwameda
  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Nicely written
    Apt answer
    keep writing and reviewing

  • Indu Rajendran

    E-cigarettes is handheld electronic device that vaporizes a flavoured liquid(nicotine,propylene,glycol and glycerine).The user inhale the vapour.Using e-cigarette is often called vaping.
    It is dangerous because inhale of nicotine cause serious health problems such as throat and mouth irritating,vomiting,nausea and coughing.
    Market Research also projected,annual growth rate of Indian e-cigarette industry at 63.38% in 2013-2018.
    E-cigarettes available in online market,most of e-commerces websites sell e-cigarettes as therapeutic products which enable people to quite smoking.But accidental consumption of the liquid inside the e-cigarette,which leads to death.50% have no health warning on the consumption of e-cigarettes.
    No effective regulation is made of prohibition of e-cigarette.States like Maharashtra,Kerala,Karnataka and Punjab have implemented the ban.
    It s recommended that Indian government impose appropriate restrictions on the sale and advertisement,online of e-cigarette.including proper heath warnings.

  • frontrunner

    E-cigarettes are battery powered which works by heating up the nicotine fluid inside called as juice.They do not contain tobacco give the same sensual feeling of smoking cigarette due to the presence of nicotine.

    Unregulated sale of e-cigarettes is dangerous due to:
    -Research shows that they still contain the addictive harmful chemicals and free radicals.
    -Their sale goes unregulated thereby increasing he number of smokers.
    -instances of e-cigarettes bursting in pockets have come into limelight.

    e-cigarettes are particularly harmful to India because according to WHO report India has shown a decline in number of smokers.E-cigarettes might prove it be wrong because of their notion of not containing tobacco.Further their unregualted sale may attract many youngsters to develop this habit.They do not come under the COTPA Act as they do not contain tobacco which helps in to get away without carrying any statutory warnings.

    Thus the government should take a track of these developmens and expand the ambit of COTPA to include e-cigarettes.Awareness should be created among the masses regarding the harmful effects of e-cigarettes.

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Sure Nishtha
    the” we” part it came accidentally usually I avoid writing those words.
    Thanks for pointing it out .
    I am working on shortening the Sentences. it may take sometime but will surely do that

  • Neha

    Good ans

  • bunny

    ENDS- Electronic Nicotine Delivery System or e-Cigarettes are modern day devices for smoking. e-cigarettes are battery operated and contain nicotine in vapourised form.
    e-cigarettes have nicotine in place of tobacco so they are often sold for therapautic purposes to quit smoking.
    in india various laws governed tobacco products and their sale but e-cigarettes don’t contain tobacco so these are not covered by the existing laws. unregualted sale of e-cigarettes is a big challange because
    1. as they dont have tobacco they are outside the ambit of Cigarettes and other tobacco products Act 2003 means no stringent health warnings on packages. which is misleading.
    2. e-ciagarettes are attractive to youth due to modern and stylised use which induced more young customers to it.India is more vulnerable becuause of uits young population which may become a potent target of these products.
    3. unregulated sale without health warnings is dangerous for india as the number of smokers are declining. they are misled by the companies and use them for quitting but become addicted to e-cigarettes.
    4. sometimes explosion and accidental comsunption of liquid in these leads to death but these things do not feature which again makes them more dangerous.
    5. there is no national unified policy and guidelines in india for these products.

    as e-cigarettes are less researched they claim safer than tobacco products. India as a young developing country with less stringent laws is a potent market for these products.
    we need to devise a law or policy for such products which can cause a major harm to our youth.

  • Neha

    thanks mahi

  • mahi returns

    good answer and well structured as well.plz review mine

  • mahi returns

    simple but efficient answer keep going.plz review mine

  • mahi returns

    plz review mine

  • mahi returns

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery System(ENDS) is also known as e-cigarettes is different from conventional form of cigarettes which contain Tobacco.they contain nicotine in liquid form and works with help of battery.it do not produce any smoke like cigarettes which contain Tobbaco.
    Unregulated sale of e-cigarettes in India is dangerous because:
    1.e-cigarettes are projected as de addiction method for people who want to quit smoking but there is no scientific evidence that it will help in de addiction process.
    2.On the other hand there is no evidence on the impact of e-cigarettes on human health it may be good or bad.
    3.Also accidental consumption of liquid in the e-cigarettes will lead to death of the person.
    4.Most of the websites which are involved in sale of e-cigarettes are not displaying the illeffects of the cigarettes and some of them dispalying it in terms and conditions which the regular buyer will not go through them.
    5.A person once addicted to nicotine cannot stop and it may become a habit.it is very dangerous in countries like INDIA in which number of smokers are decreasing according to WHO.
    WAY FORWARD:
    As e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco they do not come under COPTA Act and many states like Maharastra,karnataka,kerala and Punjab banned on different grounds like unapproved drug(MAHARASTRA),poison(PUNJAB) leads to confusion and sellers can use the loop holes in the policy.So there is need of scientific research on the impact of e-cigarettes and also a uniform law to regulate them.

  • shakeel ahmed
  • Mohit Lathar

    ENDS or E-cig are the artificial vaporisers that contains liquid nicotine, generally called E-Juice. These are considered as “Therapeutic” instruments, helpful for those who want to quit smoking and potentially less harmful than the traditional tobacco smoking.

    As per the reports of WHO, sale of e-cigs in India have seen an annual growth of 63.8% during the period 2013-18. And this “Unregulated” industry is running parallel to the traditional tobacco smoking one.

    E-cigs do not fall under the ambit of COPTA, 2003 which mandates for warnings and advertisement regulations related to health problems associated with the tobacco products, as it covers only the tobacco containing products. And this results into a highly Unregulated industry in the absence of a proper regulatory authority to keep the checks and balances over their sale and use.

    Unregulated sale is dangerous because:
    *It is advocated as “Tobacco Cessation” by the sellers or endorsers, but no scientific proof to support their claim.
    *It contains nicotine, which have addictive properties, and can potentially be substituted by habitual smokers as another alternative.
    *It’s addictive property can also get non smokers into its trap.
    *Due to it’s

  • Manoj
  • Jyoti Singh

    Electronic cigarettes are battery-operated devices designed to look like regular tobacco cigarettes. An atomizer heats a liquid containing nicotine, turning it into a vapor that can be inhaled and creating a vapor cloud that resembles cigarette smoke.

    However there are still certain health risks associated with e-cigs :
    1. produce free radicals which cause cell damage
    2. harmful to immune system and can worsen respiratory diseases like COPD
    3. can cause inflammation in the lungs and protein damage
    4. they can also deliver trace levels of carcinogenic nitrosamines, and some toxic metals such as cadmium, nickel and lead.
    5.contains nicotine which can promote tumor growth and a causitive factor in disease like atherosclerosis,ulcerative colitis etc.

    The way forward:
    1)It is recommended that the Indian government impose appropriate restrictions on the sale and advertisement, online and otherwise, of e-cigarettes
    2)E-cigarettes should come with proper health warnings, in order to plug the existing regulatory vacuum
    3)The government should also commission independent scientific research on the benefits and risks posed by these products in the Indian context

    E-cigarettes are becoming a rising trend especially among youngsters today. People are using it unaware of the causes.We need to regulate them and need to take care of their usage as WHO has
    mentioned that they have harmful effects on life but not as much as
    compared to conventional cigarettes.

  • Aniket
  • Goms

    E cigarette are substitute of cigarette so that it can help to end the use of cigarette.This concept is called ENDS (Electronic Nicotine Delivery System.
    An electronic cigarette or a e cigarette is a handheld battery powered electronic device that vaporizer a flavored liquid.The user inhales the vapour..The liquid in the e-cigarette called en liquidiser usually made of Nicotine, propylene glycol,glycerine.
    E cigarette is projected as beneficial to get rid of
    Cigarette which will help to benefit the users from ill effects of tobacco smoking.But e cigarette have Nicotine and that might not be as harmful as tobacco but it is also addictive.
    THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF E CIGARETTE are:
    a)It is addictive and Nicotine is harmful.It harms heart ,lungs,arteries .
    b)The liquid if consumed it results in death.
    c)Most of the e-commerce website do not publish the ill effects of e-cigarette.people also unaware of its health effects.
    d)It can damage DNA or other molecules within cells,it results In cell death.
    e) It causes heart attack.

    Therefore eventhough it has been banned in kerala ,karnataka,Maharashtra(as unapproved drug) and punjab(as poison) there should be uniform policy and health warning on packets as the normal cigarette as well as the Indian govt can also impose restriction on sale of e-cigarette in order to plug the existing regulatory vacuum .

  • Nishtha Dubey

    hii short your intro in place of we use user and try to write in less sentence keep writing … keep writing 🙂

  • suvesh

    A- Electronic cigarette or E-cigarette is an electronic rod shape device anatomically conventional cigarette which vaporize liquid present in it. Liquid usually contain Nicotine. The purpose behind using e- cigarette is to quit tobacco based cigarette which cause severe related cancer and disease.

    Benefit of using e-cigarette
    1- e- Cigarette don’t produce smoke.
    2- Nicotine has low toxicity.
    3- Don’t affect passive smokers as in conventional cigarette.
    4- It help to quit tobacco based cigarette.
    Drawback of using e-cigarette
    1- As it is electronic device sometime it malfunction or explode.
    2- It is more expensive than conventional cigarette.
    3- Health risk of e-cigarette is not known.
    E-cigarette doesn’t come under purview of COTPA (2003) act because it do not contain tobacco as constituent. But it is also evident adverse effect of this new device on human health is uncertain, because enough R&D is not follow before marketing and selling. India is land where people often indulge in smoking cigarette and they often advised to use e-cigarette. Without any regulation on selling and using e-cigarette may cause serious affect in future especially when we don’t know what different hazard it may cause

  • Nishtha Dubey

    nice ans can add more points plz review mine if possible

  • Nishtha Dubey

    plz review @Forum IAS

  • Nishtha Dubey

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery system (ENDS) also called e-cigarettes are the producers that produce an aerosolized mixture containing flavored liquids and nicotine that is inhaled by the user . They are battery powered , e-hookah,vape pens etc are some of its example.
    END sellers market this product as tobacco cessation product. Although its unregulated sell is dangerous, especially in India where no. of smokers decline according to WHO Global Report 2015 because:
    1. It helps in de-addiction of tobacco but long term effects are unknown and lack of information about e-cigarettes
    2. It contains nicotine not tobacco therefore do not come under COTPA ACT 2003 which control tobacco law and mandates to put health warning on packaging and advertisements.
    3. Their is a possibility of children and non-smokers to get addicted to nicotine at greater rate.
    4.Addicted person to nicotine can switch to cigarette smoking.
    5.Attractive feature of ENDS will perpetuate smoking epidemic and enhance smoking.
    6. E-commerce websites don’t put health warning or put in inaccessible manner according to the survey.
    As ENDS are hazardous in long term therefore by imposing restrictions, appointing research commission , providing accurate health warning,Including under COTPA can help in reducing its growth which was indicated by market research to 63.38% in 2013-18. Maharashtra , Kerela , Karnataka and Punjab are the only states to put ban on e- cigarettes.

  • mayank

    E-cigarettes work on the principle of vaporization. These cigarettes mostly have nicotine. Other components include Proplyene glycol, Vegetable glycerin etc. In comparison to traditional cigarettes, where tobacco product was burn and users inhale smoke, in these cigarettes, nicotine or these components (in liquid form) are burn and users inhale vapour instead of smoke. That’s why they are also known as “smoke cessation cigarettes”. Presence of Nicotine, make users addictive.
    Concerns regarding use of E-cigarattes:-
    • In recent government report, it was mentioned that it is registering CAGR (compunded annual growth rate) of 63%. Which means that import and usage of e-cigarattes has been increased.
    • Secondly, E-cigarattes donot fall under ambit of COTPA, 2003 (cigarattes and other tobacco products) which makes them unregulated. Thus rules like pictorial warning of 85% or there sale cannot be checked.
    • Thirdly, most e-commerce websites sells e-cigarettes as therapeutic products. Also they use misleading jargon like “nicotine doesnot pose major health issue”. This lead to excessive use of e-cigarattes.
    • Fourthly, still no concrete evidence has been found whether they really donot cause any harm.
    • In report it has also been found that, most young boys are using e-cigarattes to inhale drugs like Marijuana.
    Way to ahead:-
    • The definition and regulation vary from state to state. So there is need for uniform and comprehensive law to regulate these e-cigarattes. (for example- state like Punjab, Haryana and Goa cost of these products are low)
    • Government should consider various international study done on these products and then come out with concrete steps to divert youth energy from unproductive to productive.

  • One_focus
  • Krishna Manishya

    Simple and to the point answer.

  • Neha

    e-cigrattes are battery powered vaporizer to deliver nicotine, which works by heating a nicotine liquid, which gives the feeling of actual smoking
    .The unregulated sale of e- cigrattes which is projected as ‘tobaco cessation product by various sellers lack evidence in the support of this claim and causes serious threat to the health of the smokers.
    1.As it does not contain tobacco they donot fall within the ambit of the cigraate and other tobacco products(Prohibition of advertisment and regulation of Trade and Commerce, Product , supply and Distribution act) 2003 ,(COTPA) which mandates stringent warning on the packaging and advertisment of tobacco products.
    2.e- cigrates are sold as theerauptic product which helps people to quit smoking.
    3. Of Commercial websites selling e- cigrates 50% have no health warning, some display warning in an unaccessible manner
    .Unregulated sale of e- cigrates is dangerous as:
    1. although thought less harmful than actual cigrattes as they do not contain tobbaco, it contains nicotine, which is addictive and has same potential threats.
    2.It is found by the scientists that they can harm lungs.
    3. people
    It has been found that pictorial warnings and advertisments have been highly effective in increasing of awareness of health risks which is being confirmed by WHO also, the sale of e- cigrates needs to be regularised with proper warnings in order to plug the regulatory vaccum and an independent commision should be made for scientific research on the e- cigrates,

  • EMPEROR RELOADED
  • Cotton Mouth
  • TheS_ecret

    Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems or E cigarettes
    E cigarettes are the electronic devices that do not contain tobacco, unlike traditional cigarettes. Instead they contain liquid nicotine that vaporizes to produce mist or vapours that users inhale inorder to deliver nicotine to their lungs.

    Need to regulate their sale
    1. While E cigarettes are emerging as an alternative for those who want to quit smoking, the threats posed by them and by nicotine addiction is still unclear.
    2. There are cases of explosion of the E Cigarette devices and accidental consumption of the liquid inside resulting in sudden death.
    3. Since they do not contain tobacco, they do not come under the ambit of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of advertisement and regulation of trade and Commerce, production, supply and distribution) Act, 2003. Hence, they do not contain health warnings on the packages.
    4. They are easily accessible through e commerce websites. Moreover, these websites don’t display proper health warnings on the product description, thus buyers assume it to be a safe alternative to cigarettes.

    The Way Forward
    1. E cigarettes neither classify as cigarettes nor as drug delivery devices. So, the most important step should be for the government to come up with the proper regulatory mechanism which would regulate their sales.
    2. Mechanism should be devised to make it compulsory for displaying warning on their packages and on their description on E-Commerce websites.
    3. Scientific research should be done to know the benefits and the threats posed by e-cigarettes.

  • murali

    e-cigarettes :
    The basic principle behind the working of e-cigarettes is the heating of a nicotine-rich liquid to produce vapours, which when inhaled give us the feeling of smoking an actual cigarette.
    It helps as
    1. It doesn’t produce smoke, so prevents the accumulation of tar inside the lungs.
    2. It does not contain tobacco and the amount of nicotine intake can be controlled
    3. It has been shown to reduce cravings among smokers.
    4. It also prevents passive smoking

    As e-cigarettes contain nicotine and not tobacco, they do not fall within the ambit of the COTPA,2003 , which mandates stringent health warnings on the packaging and advertisements of tobacco products.

    unregulated sale of e-cigarettes in india is dangerous because
    1. it still contains nicotine which is addictive & in its pure form is poisonous & Accidental consumption of the liquid can lead to death.
    2. Long-term health effects are still unknown.
    3. E-cigarettes are considered safer than tobacco products but effects of e-cigarette on tobacco-cessation is still unknown.
    4.e-cigarettes are used by teens for inhaling marijuana as reported by Karnataka State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (KSCPCR) chairperson
    5. In some cases, they have been reported to explode

    way forward :
    1.e-cigarettes should be regulated by national law, removing the ambiguity in classification done by different states
    2. health warnings should properly displayed to customers

  • Rhythm 2017

    In order to quit smoking tobacco, e-cigarettes or ENDS is a new product that replaces regular tobacco cigarettes. It contains nicotine in liquid form which however is still a controversial drug. Being a non-tobacco product it out of the ambit of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003. The sale of e-cigarettes is unregulated in terms of issuing warning along with the details as there is no regulatory provision in place.

    This can be dangerous because:
    1. It poses threat to health as individuals take it as a alternative to normal tobacco cigarettes, but nicotine still is an unapproved drug which can lead to addiction.
    2. There are also incident of e-cigarettes exploding causing serious injuries.
    3. Accidental consumption of liquid inside the product can lead to death.

    Way forward”
    1. A strong uniform regulation regarding sale and advertisement of e-cigarettes is very important.
    2. Independent scientific research on the benefits and risks posed by these products in the Indian context must be done, to decide whether it is a tobacco imitation products or a therapeutic product.
    Different states has different laws regarding nicotine drug and sale of e-cigarettes. This ambiguity is used by traders to find a way of providing e-cigarettes to the public in the form of tobacco cessation product.