What is biomass-
- Biomass is organic matter derived from living, or recently living organisms. It can be used as a source of energy and it most often refers to plants or plant-based materials that are not used for food or feed.
- Biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel
- About 32% of the total primary energy use in India is derived from biomass and more than 70% of the country’s population depends onit for their energy needs
Biomass power plant –
- A biomass-fired power plant produces electricity and heat by burning biomass in a boiler. The most common types of boilers are hot water boilers and steam boilers.
- Wood chips, residues and other types of biomass are used in the boilers, in the same way as coal, natural gas, and oil.
- Biomass power plants in India are based mostly on agricultural wastes