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Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?

Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context? (GS 3)
भारत में महिला सशक्तिकरण के लिए जेंडर बजटिंग अनिवार्य है | भारतीय प्रसंग में जेंडर बजटिंग की क्या आवश्यकताए एवं स्थिति है?

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  • Riya
  • jyotsna

    Sir please review my answer

  • jyotsna

    Please review my answer…

  • jyotsna

    GENDER BUDGETING: It is a process which ensures that benefits of budget must be reached to women also. This was propounded in 2005-06 budget announcement in which it was decided to allocate resources of economy between male and female in order to reduce inequality.
    REQUIREMENT :
    1) Equal participation:- Through GB women can have equal access over resources of country through which they can also participate in economic activities. This will surely ensure their empowerment.
    2) Male dominance:- In a country like India where there are only 48% women, male often dominates by creating hindrance on the path of women’s development.
    3) Domestic subjugation :- women are subject to domestic subjugation. They are still not able to make independent decisions.
    4) Lack of awareness:- women are not aware about the ongoing schemes of government. This is because of lack of awareness programs.

    STATUS :-
    1). Through GB now we can see effective progress in women’s stature. With the introduction of Janani suraksha yojana women’s health becomes a first and foremost priority for government. Similarly Maternity Benefit Act 2016 is also a good move to empower them.
    2) Now women are able to form their own organization such as ASHA , through which they can further help other downtrodden section .
    3) Recent Ujjwala yojana provides an incentive for women below BPL to have access over LPG connection.
    4) other schemes such as beti bachao beti padhao, start up and stand up India and MAA program etc shows that government is fulfilling its promise by allocating sufficient share for women.

  • The Man on a Mission

    @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus Hi Sir, I have a doubt regarding 1 part of the question. Some answers have addressed ‘why is gender budgeting required’ while others have mentioned ‘how this can be done’. I am confused because both interpretation seems to emerge from the question. Please guide… Thank you

  • UV

    @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus can you please approve the above answer as i can see this mesaage on top

    ‘Hold on, this is waiting to be approved by ForumIAS.’

  • UV

    Thanks a lot for you valuable time!!

  • ForumIAS

    Brilliant UV..Excellent points …
    However introduction could have been a little about gender budgeting and how women empowerment needs it..
    The explanation about women empowerment need not be elaborated so much..
    The word limit is exceeded…Please adhere to it..
    The answer is perfect…

  • UV

    @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus hey please see if i understand the demand of the question.
    suggest additions and deletions.

  • UV

    women empowerment is an end where women rise from the vulnerable status forced on them from age old and still continuing practices of discrimination, to stand par with male gender. It establishes political ,social and economic rights denied to them.
    Gender budgeting is a tool to ensure that the benefits of development reach women as much as men. It is not an accounting exercise as the the term budgeting would hint. It is conscious effort to place gender considerations in mind while:-
    1. policy formulation.
    2. policy implementation.
    3. policy review
    Gender budgeting requirements :-
    1. policy formulation requirements:
    a) Political equality of genders.
    b) Women leadership in decision making at all levels
    c) Data of status of women.
    2. policy implementation requirement:-
    a) value neutral bureaucracy
    c) rule of law
    d) educated people
    e) participation of women
    f) transparency
    g) NGO/civil society
    h) Awareness
    i) an independent ombudsman/ oversight authority
    3. policy review requirement:-
    a) Gender budgeting cells at all levels.
    b) freedom of press
    e) rule of law
    f) NGO/Civil societies
    g) an independent ombudsman/ oversight authority
    h) outcome data collection mechanism private and public
    status of gender budgeting includes both, implementation of above requirements as well as outcomes so far of such mechanism
    STATUS :-
    1. article 326 provides adult suffrage which gives provides political equality to women and hence can influence policy decisions to achieve justice.
    2. We have women leadership in almost all levels of policy making and implementation but the proportion is far less than just. At the highest level, in the present govt, we have 6 cabinet rank women ministers out of 46 total ministers.
    3.For data regarding women status we have office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India conducting decennial Census of India. We have also progressed in implementing JAN-DHAN-ADHAAR trinity which will further facilitate data access for policy making.
    4. Indian bureaucracy is value neutral with equal opportunity for women to seek employment. in some state positive discrimination is done in favour of women.
    5.Gender budgeting cells have been created in almost every central aswell as state government departments.
    6.RTI provides transparency, there are provision for social audits of govt policy
    7.There is national commission for women which acts as ombudsmen.
    8. India has well established free and strong press environment.
    9. There are lot of civil societies active to check govt policies and check them
    10. rule of law has issues as, cases get delayed for a long period, in some instances supreme court verdict is not accepeted by people (kavery tribunal issue, shah bano case)
    outcomes :-
    There are specific allocations towards women empowerment: Beti Bachao Beti Padao, Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, reservations for women.Indias maternal mortality rate decreased from 212 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2007 to 178 deaths in 2012.
    way forward:-
    A lot of work has been done and outcomes justify it, But it dwarfs in comparison to developed nations. India being democratic country there is a very high certainty that obstacles in course of gender budgeting will be overcome

  • DEVI

    Well written,good points..:)..you could try condensing them…very beautiful handwriting…:)..Keep writing!!..

  • DEVI

    Thank u team..:)..I shall add on the points..:)

  • DEVI

    Thanks for the review Siddhanth..:)..I ll review urs..:)

  • UV

    oops it exceeds 500 words.

  • UV

    women empowerment is an end where women rise from the vulnerable status forced on them from age old and still continuing practices of discrimination, to stand par with male gender. It establishes political ,social and economic rights denied to them.

    Gender budgeting is a tool to ensure that the benefits of development reach women as much as men. It is not an accounting exercise as the the term budgeting would hint. It is conscious effort to place gender considerations in mind while:-

    1. policy formulation.
    2. policy implementation.
    3. policy review

    Gender budgeting requirements :-

    1. policy formulation requirements:
    a) Political equality of genders.
    b) Women leadership in decision making at all levels
    c) Data of status of women.

    2. policy implementation requirement:-
    a) value neutral bureaucracy
    c) rule of law
    d) educated people
    e) participation of women
    f) transparency
    g) NGO/civil society
    h) Awareness
    i) an independent ombudsman/ oversight authority

    3. policy review requirement:-
    a) Gender budgeting cells at all levels.
    b) freedom of press
    e) rule of law
    f) NGO/Civil societies
    g) an independent ombudsman/ oversight authority
    h) outcome data collection mechanism private and public

    status of gender budgeting includes both, implementation of above requirements as well as outcomes so far of such mechanism

    STATUS :-

    1. article 326 provides adult suffrage which gives provides political equality to women and hence can influence policy decisions to achieve justice.

    2. We have women leadership in almost all levels of policy making and implementation but the proportion is far less than just. At the highest level, in the present govt, we have 6 cabinet rank women ministers out of 46 total ministers.

    3.For data regarding women status we have office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India conducting decennial Census of India. We have also progressed in implementing JAN-DHAN-ADHAAR trinity which will further facilitate data access for policy making.

    4. Indian bureaucracy is value neutral with equal opportunity for women to seek employment. in some state positive discrimination is done in favour of women.

    5.Gender budgeting cells have been created in almost every central aswell as state government departments.

    6.RTI provides transparency, there are provision for social audits of govt policy

    7.There is national commission for women which acts as ombudsmen.

    8. India has well established free and strong press environment.

    9. There are lot of civil societies active to check govt policies and check them

    10. rule of law has issues as, cases get delayed for a long period, in some instances supreme court verdict is not accepeted by people (kavery tribunal issue, shah bano case)

    outcomes :-
    There are specific allocations towards women empowerment: Beti Bachao Beti Padao, Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, reservations for women.Indias maternal mortality rate decreased from 212 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2007 to 178 deaths in 2012.

    way forward:-
    A lot of work has been done and outcomes justify it, But it dwarfs in comparison to developed nations. India being democratic country there is a very high certainty that obstacles in course of gender empowerment would be achieved

  • Harish

    Yeah sure.!! Thank You..!!

  • Harish

    Yeah sure..!! Will do. Thank You!!

  • Harish

    Okay.. sure.. !! Will start writing. Thank You!!

  • Lokmanya

    Thank you

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Friend try to write with single pen here it is fine in exam it would be problematic.
    Diagram is good 🙂

  • EMPEROR RELOADED

    Friend the answer is good but you have crossed word limit by about 200 words.
    Don’t get carried away by the knowledge you have. Try to condense as much as possible
    keep writing 🙂

  • GAURAV KUMAR JHA

    Simply awesome . You covered everything . You writing is good as well . One suggestion Conclusion should be of atleast two lines . Keep writing .

  • GAURAV KUMAR JHA

    Your presentation is very good . The way you use flow chart is awesome . Examiner will definitely reward you for this. One suggestion though that you put all in square boxes , I mean the four points you mentioned about requirements . You write good and distinct answers . Keep it up .

  • GAURAV KUMAR JHA

    Thanks Sir . Your encouragement is always appreciated . Keep guiding us SIR.

  • GAURAV KUMAR JHA

    Hey Harish if you can identify good points in an answer you can definitely write good answer. Don’t worry about the mistakes , as you cant learn swimming without swallowing water . All the best , I hope you will start writing from today itself. Start writing at least one answer daily .

  • Aki333

    Malayaj is there any other Grammatical mistakes ??Shed some light if any one is there.

  • Aki333

    Thanks malayaj I will work on it..

  • Malyaj

    Thank you 🙂
    Reviewed!

  • Malyaj

    Thank you Sir

  • Malyaj

    Friend,you seriously need to work on grammatical errors.
    That was Shashakti yojana under NRLM,You wrote it ‘Shakti karan’. 🙁
    Brought not brough
    First alphabet of every sentence should be capital.
    Else,flow of answer and content are good.
    Keep writing .
    Keep improving 🙂

  • Aki333

    Noted sir..

  • ForumIAS

    The question is more about what gender budgeting requires rather than why India needs gender budgeting..The answer seemed to have explained the latter part neglecting the first part…
    More content can be added on the status part as well..

  • ForumIAS

    Requirements part need to be explained in a better way.. Introduction could be frames better..Keep writing

  • ForumIAS

    Requirements could be elaborated on a better way..Status part is explained well..Conclusion could be short as well..Keep writing..

  • ForumIAS

    Also the question demands what are the requirements of gender budgeting…This part is deviated..
    Challenges part can be crisp..
    Word limit is exceeded…Please work on it..
    Rest is good…

  • ForumIAS

    Brilliant answer

  • ForumIAS

    Good review..

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer..

  • ForumIAS

    More content needed..Status and requirement part needs more elaboration…

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer..

  • ForumIAS

    Brilliant answer Malyaj…great use of flowcharts and pictorial representation…

  • ForumIAS

    More content needed in the first part of the question..Rest is fine..keep writing

  • ForumIAS

    Answer deviated from the needs of the question…Please check that

  • ForumIAS

    The question mainly focussed on the requirements and the status of gender budgeting in the Indian context..
    The statement explanation can be explained in the introduction itself…
    The benefits of gender budgeting could be written in the introduction itself on how it enhances women empowerment.
    Rest is good

  • ForumIAS

    Introduction is very long and requirements of gender budgeting in Indian context has not been explained very well..Rest is good…Keep writing

  • ForumIAS

    Introduction could be shortened Jyoti…Points are good..Keep writing ..

  • ForumIAS

    Brilliant answer Gaurav..

  • ForumIAS

    Very good answer but the status of gender budgeting might be elaborated a bit more…

  • ForumIAS

    Excellent answer..

  • ForumIAS

    Hi Harish,
    You can go through others answers after you write your answer..
    Once you start writing you will make mistakes and rectifying those will increase your confidence slowly…
    Mains is mostly about answer writing practice..So start writing answers and don’t be afraid to make mistakes…

  • Joy B+ve
  • Aki333

    Thanks bro…Will work on handwriting..

  • Monisha Dikshit

    You can add that 17 states have adopted the Gender Budget along with the Centre in the status part. And the first part, I feel, entails explicit mention of poor sex ratio, MMR, very low labour force participation rate among women. It will complete the answer. Keep writing. Good one.

  • Dhilip RM
  • Aki333

    Malayaj ur second vala diagram is utterly awesome..And thanks for shedding lights on how to use diagrams.answer is also good and to the point.keep writing keep reviewing..Also review mine if time permits..

  • Malyaj
  • Jackie
  • सिद्धांत धवन

    Quite a good answer. Conclusion was required. Rest all fine. Atb. KWAR. Review mine as well

  • सिद्धांत धवन

    Answer is good. Structure is also nice. But answer is too long. Word limit exceeded as well. Also work on your handwriting. Rest is perfect. Atb. KWAR. Review mine as well

  • सिद्धांत धवन

    Very crisp answer and beautiful writing. Structure is good and points are nice as well. Atb. KWAR. Review mine as well

  • DEVI
  • सिद्धांत धवन

    Refrain from using self made short forms like BBBP for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao. If the term repeats quite a few times then first time write Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and in bracket mention BBBP so that the examiner should understand what BBBP is. Such errors can cost a lot of marks as it irritates the examiner. Rest the structure of the answer was quite good. Points were nice. Atb. KWAR. Review mine as well.

  • सिद्धांत धवन

    Dear friends and Forum IAS
    Please review the answer

  • सिद्धांत धवन
  • Jyoti Singh

    Hey !!! Buddy Thank You For Reviewing…..!!!

  • Lokmanya
  • om

    thanks harish for your views , will do highlighting in next answers

  • Aki333

    Thanks bro for review..

  • Aki333

    Seriously speaking I had this thought in my mind when I was posting my answer but conclusion acha karne ke liye word nahi the …Hahaha???

  • Sherlock- the final problem

    Very nicely written akki.. conclusion thoda better ho sakta ta…

  • Sherlock- the final problem

    Thanks akki for suggestions and review.. … will keep dat in mind ?

  • SK

    I remember being confused about this question earlier too- whether the requirements part means ‘Why is GB required in India at all?’ or ‘What are the requirements to make GB a success?’ I frankly don’t remember what i interpreted back then..

  • Dixit

    See gender budgeting acc to me has two parts (a) having gender-specific schemes/fund allocation in budget, (b) dovetailing schemes aimed at women and thus ‘aligning’ fund allocation for a holistic women empowerment
    In status: few weeks before mains, SC observed that funds for Nirbhaya Fund were excessively low (needs mention). The ones you mention indeed need to be written..
    is social upliftment a consequence or requirement of GB?
    In req. you could cite the demography and aspirations and why budget needs to stand up to this req? (already society is patriarchal , private sector participation in women-specific needs is piecemeal and not quantifiable, also we have low representation of women in legislature and so gender budgeting needs to offset this imbalance )

  • SK

    Empowering women means giving them choices about their life and enabling them (financially, politically, intellectually and socially) to make well informed decisions while making those choices. Gender budgeting can act as a potent tool in women empowerment. It involves allocating certain amount in state budget for women specific and pro-women programs.

    Gender budgeting first started in Australia. In India the practice started in 2005-06. Its requirements are:
    1. Understanding needs: First, financial allocation should be made for those programs where women are lagging far behind. Eg: Entrepreneurship, literacy rate, maternity benefits etc
    2. Reviewing policy: Regular review of policy and outcomes is a must. Effect of schemes like Janani Suraksha Yojana must be documented and used for future projects.
    3. Implementation: The implementers must ensure that wastefulness is prevented women are not prevented from availing benefits.
    4. Social upliftment: Along with, economic benefits, upliftment social status of women will ensure sustainable women empowerment. Giving Ujjwala cylinders to women head is a good example here.

    STATUS:
    Currently the centre and few states follow this practice. Funds specially earmarked for women specific schemes such as Sukanya Samriddhi, Laadli, IGMSY, special significance in other schemes like Stand Up India, Nayi Roshni etc are helping in women empowerment. But along with this change in social mindset, increase of women labour force in organized sector and making schools and workplace more women friendly are a must.
    [230]

  • Aki333

    Jyoti u have content but u should reframe ur answer..Because introduction well as conclusion did not arrange properly.but don’t worry it will be developed.. Practice is the only way..Work harder ..Also review mine if time permits..

  • Aki333

    Nice answer gaurav.some suggestion.
    1.write only two to 3 line in introduction.. for Remaining part draw second paragraph..
    2.make small sentence whenever possible….In turn provide u more space and word ..
    Best part in it answer (maternity benefit bill inclusion).
    All over nice answer..Keep writing.keep reviewing.. Review mine if time permits..

  • Aki333

    Sherlock nice attempt some suggestion to u..
    1.Point 1 in ur failure.(write clearly don’t use this erase and write on it method..)
    2.point 5 cane be reframed like: no funds were allocated for schemes implementing domestic violence act in budget 2016-2017.
    Write small 3 4 line conclusion.Over all nice attempt.keep writing keep reviewing.. Also review mine if time permits..

  • Monisha Dikshit
  • Aki333

    Nice answer gaurav.some suggestion.
    1.write only two to 3 line in introduction.. for Remaining part draw second paragraph..
    2.make small sentence whenever possible….In turn provide u more space and word ..
    Best part in it answer (maternity benefit bill inclusion).
    All over nice answer..Keep writing.keep reviewing..

  • Rhythm 2017

    Thank you
    Duly Acknowledged

  • Aki333
  • Sherlock- the final problem
  • never
  • Rhythm 2017

    i will give you the most important suggestion anyone will ever give you regarding answer writing, it is the only thing that will help to improve your skills in this exam.
    That suggestion is – Start writing irrespective of what you know and how much you have prepared. Just start writing and be consistent

  • Manoj
  • Harish

    Very Nice Answer..!! It’s very brief, clear and to the point..!!

  • Nicky

    Women constitute nearly 50% of population. But their contribution to GDP, political participation and representation and social status don’t reflect their true potential. In this context, gender budgeting is an effective approach towards women empowerment in all spheres of life. MWCD is the nodal organisation for gender budgeting.

    Requirements:
    1. Specific allocations: Though there is no separate budget for women, policies and programs of the government make specific allocations to bridge gender inequalities.
    2. Targeted policy making: Formulation of policies targeting the women empowerment.
    3. Reservations: 33% in local body elections shows the gender budgeting in political sphere.
    4. Impact assessment: While formulating any programs or policies, implications on women will be assessed.

    Status: MWCD is the nodal organisation for gender budgeting. There are specific allocations towards women empowerment: Beti Bachao Beti Padao, Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, reservations for women. But gender budgeting still needs to extend beyond social and economic spheres. Policies related to urbanisation, technological developments, security and environment needs to consider gender aspect.

    Gender budgeting can be effective approach to bridge gender inequalities in all spheres of life and contribute to inclusive and sustainable development.

  • Harish

    I feel, my comments on om, rhythm and gaurav’s posts, made my answer. I am actually a beginner. Instead of coming with my answer, i prefer to note important points of your answers and highlighting them on your answers as comments which also may help others/all. Will definitely start writing answers as soon as possible. Please suggest me a few tips, how to write answers ? What are your sources of writing such answers ? They all are really good. Your suggestions will definitely help me. Thank You all guys and ForumIAS. Keep writing. All the very best.!!

  • Hi you have covered the over all points however you may include gender budgeting processes with respect to actual accounting standards which is a standard process even across world. Going forward reporting these standards and making it mandatory to be include in annual plans will steer the direction in which we will go. eg- Women Specific (100%) and Women Pro (30%) Programs etc

  • Harish

    Good one rhythm..!! Want to highlight a few points of your answer!!
    1. Gender Budgeting is a powerful tool to ensure that gender commitments are translated in to budgetary commitments.
    2. Institutionalizing GB at state govt. level must be done.
    And the most important point you raised is,
    To bringing more women in the organized sector because unless it is done major acts and legislations will be able to target only 1.8 million women.
    Keep writing.!! Thank You!!

  • Harish

    Nice one Gaurav. Highlights of your answers are:
    1. I liked the definition.
    ‘GENDER BUDGETING is a process of allocating resources based on the priorities of gender in mind . Its a term often co-joined with Women Budgeting where the focus of such budget initiative lies on the upliftment of women in general and deprived women in particular’.
    2. Women Find it more comfortable to work in places run and managed by women.
    3. Society progresses more rapidly when both its engines men and women work in full synchronization.
    I feel above are the points which stands apart from rest of answers of all.
    Overall good !! I am a beginner. Your answers are useful for me. Thank You and ForumIAS.

  • Harish

    Good one Om. I will just just highlight a few points which i feel are good and should be highlighted:
    1. Gender budgeting is not only a process but a signal towards more equal society.
    2. It puts pressure and focus on gender sensitive program formulation and implementation.
    and you pointed out that there’s a need for standard nomenclature for various schemes.
    Overall it’s good..!!

  • om

    Gender budgeting refers to a budget process of conceiving, planning approving , executing, monitoring, analyzing and auditing budget while considering gender sensitivity of issues and policies and impact of these on man and woman. Its not a separate budget instead gender budget are an attempt to reflect upon government priorities.

    Gender budgeting is an important tool for woman empowerment

    1) gender budgeting is not only a process but a signal towards more equal society where needs of both gender are given equal importance, in a patriarchal society this kind of tools especially from government is a major reform towards woman empowerment.

    2)it puts pressure and focus on gender sensitive program formulation and implementation not only in government organisation but also on society at large. like –
    a. firms and companies address woman related issues,removing problem of glass ceiling in organisation
    b. families and parents give equal opportunities to both gender.

    first gender budget appeared in union budget of 2005-06 and included 10 demands for grants, these demands continue to grow in number. 10 states in India have also introduced gender budgeting but the lack of standard nomenclature for various schemes has made it difficult to replicate or assess them.

  • GAURAV KUMAR JHA

    GENDER BUDGETING is a process of allocating resources based on the priorities of gender in mind . Its a term often cojoined with Women Budgeting where the focus of such budget initiative lies on the upliftment of women in general and deprived women in particular . Through gender budgeting women are empowerd as the focus of such budget is on the creation of a more gender neutral society.

    Need for Gender Budgeting in India :

    1 . ECONOMIC UPGRADATION OF WOMEN : Having a history of marginalisation of women in India , women centric Schemes need to be brought to promote the welfare of women .

    2 .WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP : With special provisions earmarked for the entrepreneurship of women in the BUDGET , there will be a gender parity in working culture , as Women Find it more comfortable to work in places run and managed by women .

    3 . PUTTING PRESSURE ON GENDER SENSITIVE plans formulation and implementation as it is observed that giving MONETART BENEFITS TO WOMEN helps more in the transmission of benefit to the family .

    GENDER BUDGETING was first introduced in AUSTRALIA in mid 1980’s . Its STATUS in INDIAN context is :
    1 . India was late to catch up and first introduced this in the BUDGET OF 2005 -06 . From there the upswing is maintained and women schemes are budgeted in priority at present times .
    2 . Many GOVERNMENT SCHEMES like BETI BACHO BETI PADHAO for bettering SEX RATIO and education , SUKANYA SAMRIDHI YOJANA for enhancing their economic status are launched .
    3 . Recently government has increased the Paid leave of women to 26 Weeks from 12 Weeks under MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT , this will ensure the retention of Women in the work force .
    4 . Under STAND UP INDIA SCHEME women entrepreneurs are given loans for starting their own business , and thus Women are empowered in an economic sense .

    Society progreses more rapidly when both its engines men and women work in full synchronization . A lot of effort is still needed to bring perceptible changes in the condition of women . We must not rest on our few laurels of Women empowerment and work incessantly to move up the ladder to match the level of WOMEN development in countries like ICELAND .

  • Jyoti Singh
  • Rhythm 2017

    Women in India has a long history of being neglected throughout her life, at every stage starting from discrimination in meals, schooling, workforce etc. Since India is looking forward towards being a brightest spot on the global map, it can no longer afford to sideline 50% of its population and will have to give way to gender budgeting.
    The major requirements of gender budgeting includes:
    1. Gender specific grant allocations in various schemes. For example schemes like Start Up India and Stand up India allocations must be specifically earmarked for women entrepreneurs.
    2. Provisions specially to attract women in the mainstream economy and targeting the section of women that hesitates to participate actively by leveraging benefits.
    3. Making provisions to raise the gender ratio at various workplaces and removing the concept of glass ceiling by ushering in only merit based system at every level of professional systems.
    4. Using technology to make women the financial head of family to increase her say in the matters that concern expenses and therefore empower them. The DBT in the ujjwala scheme is step in right direction.

    The status of gender budgeting in the country:
    1. Though very late but India has moved in the direction of gender equality by giving women their due hare in the nation building. Targeting the women as the beneficiary of various schemes related to household symbolizes this.
    2. 70% of the start ups in India are by women is an example of increased gender participation and increased focus of govt. towards these sections.
    3. Schemes that target particulalry women like – Janani suraksha yojna, amedment in materninty benefit Act, special preferences to women in education like Beti padhao Beti bachao scheme shows the increased focus of state on women.

    Increased Gender budgeting is the the thing that must be look forward too, but more important is bringing women in the organized sector because unless it is done major acts and legislations will be able to target only 1.8 million women. Major chunk works in the unorganized sector and is in dire need of sate help to improve their conditions and contribution in the national growth.